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Full Review at: http://www.imaging-resource.com/PRODS/D5100/D5100A.HTM

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Nikon D5100 Modes and Menus

Nikon D5100 Capture Modes

The mode dial on the right side of the D5100's top panel provides access to its various exposure modes, with the usual Program, Aperture-priority, Shutter-priority, and Manual operating modes found on all Nikon DSLRs, plus an Auto mode, a total of six Scene modes (which Nikon calls "Vari-Programs"), a Scene setting that accesses an additional 11 scene modes not on the dial, and an Effects position that accesses 7 special-effect modes. Here's a full list of what's available:

Nikon D5100 Menus

The menu system on the Nikon D5100 follows that of the D5000 fairly closely. Pressing the Menu button provides access to the camera's full menu system. See the tables below for details.

 

Playback Menu:

Playback Menu Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Delete
- Selected
- Select Date
- All
Delete?
- Yes
- No
Deletes pictures from the camera memory card. Protected images will not be deleted.
Playback Folder
- Current
- All
Select a folder for playback.
Playback Display Options
- Done
- None (image only)
- Highlights
- RGB histogram
- Shooting data
- Overview
Allows you to select what shooting information is displayed with the picture during playback.
Image Review
- On
- Off
Lets you choose to see the image right after shooting it or not.
Rotate Tall
- On
- Off
Allows pictures that were shot in portrait orientation to be rotated correctly on the LCD monitor.
Slide Show
- Start
- OK
Allows you to create a slide show of existing pictures with your choice of interval between pictures. Slide show can be paused, or resumed with the OK button, frames skipped forwards or backwards with the left and right arrow buttons, or the info display changed with the up and down arrow buttons. Hidden pictures will not be displayed. The menu, play or shutter buttons exit the slideshow to the playback menu, playback mode or shooting mode respectively. If the slide show ends uninterrupted, the user is prompted whether to restart the slide show, change the frame interval, or exit to the playback menu.
- Frame interval
- 2 s
- 3 s
- 5 s
- 10 s
DPOF Print Order
- Select/set
- Select image screen
Allows you to select which pictures to print on a DPOF compatible printer, and choose whether to imprint either the date of capture, the shutter speed and aperture, or both.
- Deselect all?
- Remove print marking from all images?
- Yes
- No

 

Shooting Menu 1:

Shooting Menu 1 Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Reset Shooting Menu
- Yes
- No
Restores all Shooting Menu and Picture Control settings to their default values, and the focus point to center (if not in auto AF-area mode). Also clears any focus or exposure locks, and resets the exposure and flash compensation values to zero, and if Flexible Program mode is active, reverts to regular Program mode. Finally, resets the flash mode to auto front-curtain sync (if in the Auto, Portrait, Child or Close-Up modes), Front Curtain Sync (if in the Program, Shutter-priority, Aperture-priority or Manual modes), or Auto Slow Sync (if in the Night Portrait mode).
Storage Folder
- Select folder
- Folder name
Choose the active folder name where your images will be stored, create or rename folders, or delete them.
- New
- Input name
- Rename
- Folder name
- Delete
Empty folders will be deleted. OK?

- Yes
- No

Image Quality
- NEF (RAW) + JPEG fine
- NEF (RAW) + JPEG normal
- NEF (RAW) + JPEG basic
- NEF (RAW)
- JPEG fine
- JPEG normal
- JPEG basic
Choose the type of still image file you want to capture.
Image Size
- Large
(4,928 x 3,264; 16.1M)
- Medium
(3,696 x 2,448; 9.0M)
- Small
(2,464 x 1,632; 4.0M)
Choose the still image size you want to capture.
White Balance
- Auto
- Incandescent
Adjusts the white balance to match the conditions you are shooting in. All options except for preset manual can then be fine-tuned in a 2D fine-tuning adjustment screen, letting the user set a green / magenta bias, and a blue / amber bias.
- Fluorescent
- Sodium-vapor lamps
- Warm-white fluorescent
- White fluorescent
- Cool-white fluorescent
- Day-white fluorescent
- Daylight fluorescent
- High temp. mercury-vapor
- Direct Sunlight
- Flash
- Cloudy
- Shade
- Preset manual
- Measure
- Use Photo
Allows manual white balance to be measured, using either a live reading from a neutral gray or white object in front of the camera, or by copying white balance from a photo on the memory card. Only one manual white balance reading can be stored at a time, and if the lighting is too dark or bright, the camera will warn that it was unable to measure the white balance.
Set Picture Control
- Standard
- Neutral
- Vivid
- Monochrome
- Portrait
- Landscape
- Quick Adjust
- Sharpening
- Contrast
- Brightness
- Saturation
- Hue
Set the picture control option for various levels of sharpening, contrast, brightness, saturation, and hue. Not all options are available for all modes.
Manage Picture Control
- Save / edit
- Standard
- Neutral
- Vivid
- Monochrome
- Portrait
- Landscape
- C-1
- C-2
- C-3
- C-4
- C-5
- C-6
- C-7
- C-8
- C-9
You can define and manage your own custom Picture Control settings.
- Rename
- C-1
- C-2
- C-3
- C-4
- C-5
- C-6
- C-7
- C-8
- C-9
- Delete
- Load / save
- Copy to camera
- Delete from card
- Copy to card
Auto Distortion Control
- On
- Off
Corrects for barrel or pincushion distortion, when shooting with type-G or type-D lenses, excluding PC, fisheye, and certain other models. Reduces burst shooting rate when enabled.

 

Shooting Menu 2:

Shooting Menu 2 Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Color Space
- sRGB
- Adobe
Sets the color space.
Active D-Lighting
- Auto
- Extra high
- High
- Normal
- Low
- Off
Helps preserve the details in shadows and highlights.
HDR (High Dynamic Range)
- HDR mode
- Off
- On
To achieve greater dynamic range than is possible with a single exposure, the D5100 can combine two sequential exposures into a single image in-camera, using the highlight detail from the overexposed image, and the shadow data from the underexposed image. The differential between the two exposures can be adjusted, as can the level of smoothing applied where the subject differs between shots, but Nikon's algorithm doesn't correct for camera motion, and so the use of a tripod is required.
- Exposure differential
- Auto
- 1 EV
- 2 EV
- 3 EV
- Smoothing
- High
- Normal
- Low
Long Exposure NR
- On
- Off
Turns on the dark-frame subtraction noise reduction when using long exposures (slower than 1s). Increases the overall exposure time by 50-100%.
High ISO NR
- High
- Normal
- Low
- Off
Controls high ISO noise reduction when using ISOs of 1.600 or higher.
ISO Sensitivity Settings
- ISO sensitivity
- LO 1
- LO 0.7
- LO 0.3
- 200
- 250
- 320
- 400
- 500
- 640
- 800
- 1000
- 1250
- 1600
- 2000
- 2500
- 3200
- HI 0.3
- HI 0.7
- HI 1
Sets the minimum shutter speed to be maintained in Auto ISO mode.
- ISO Sensitivity auto control
- On
- Off
- Maximum sensitivity
- 400
- 800
- 1600
- 3200
- Hi 1
- Minimum shutter speed
- 1/2000 s
- 1/1600 s
- 1/1250 s
- 1/1000 s
- 1/800 s
- 1/640 s
- 1/500 s
- 1/400 s
- 1/320 s
- 1/250 s
- 1/200 s
- 1/160 s
- 1/125 s
- 1/100 s
- 1/80 s
- 1/60 s
- 1/50 s
- 1/40 s
- 1/30 s
- 1/15 s
- 1/8 s
- 1/4 s
- 1/2 s
- 1 s
Release Mode
- Single frame
- Continuous
- Self-timer
- Delayed remote
- Quick-response remote
- Quiet shutter release
Selects whether the camera should capture a single or multiple frames with a press of the shutter button or remote control, and whether it should do so immediately or with a delay.
Multiple Exposure
- Multiple exposure mode
- Off
- On
Allows either two or three frames to be combined in-camera into a single exposure, and selects whether multi-exposures are additive (Off), or averaged (On).
- Number of shots
- 2
- 3
- Auto gain
- Off
- On

 

Shooting Menu 3:

Shooting Menu 3 Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Movie Settings
- Quality
- 1920 x 1080; 30 fps; high quality
- 1920 x 1080; 30 fps; normal quality
- 1920 x 1080; 24 fps ; high quality
- 1920 x 1080; 24 fps ; normal quality
- 1280 x 720; 30 fps ; high quality
- 1280 x 720; 30 fps ; normal quality
- 1280 x 720; 24 fps ; high quality
- 1280 x 720; 24 fps ; normal quality
- 640 x 424; 30 fps ; high quality
- 640 x 424; 30 fps ; normal quality
Selects D-Movie settings.
- Microphone
- Auto sensitivity (A)
- High sensitivity (3)
- Medium sensitivity (2)
- Low sensitivity (1)
- Microphone off
Interval Timer Shooting
Choose start time

- Now
- Start time

- Start time
- Interval
- Number of times
- Start
Allows you to set the start time, the interval between shots and the number of shots to capture.

 

Custom Setting Menu a:

Custom Setting Menu a Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Notes
AF-C Priority Selection
- Release
- Focus
For continuous servo AF, determines whether photos can always be taken regardless of focus lock, or only when focus lock is achieved.
Built-In AF-Assist Illuminator
- On
- Off
Enables the built-in AF illuminator.
Rangefinder
- On
- Off
Enables the focus rangefinder feature, where the analog exposure scale in the viewfinder indicates correct manual focus.

 

Custom Setting Menu b:

Custom Setting Menu b Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Notes
EV Steps for Exposure Control
- 1/3 step
- 1/2 step
Adjusts the step size for exposure control.

 

Custom Setting Menu c:

Custom Setting Menu c Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Shutter-Release Button AE-L
- On
- Off
When Off, exposure will only lock with AE/AF-L button. When On, exposure will also lock when Shutter button is half-pressed.
Auto Off Timers

- Short
- Normal
- Long

Determines how long the various displays and metering remain active when no operations are performed. See manual for details.

- Custom

- Done
- Playback / menus
- Image review
- Live view
- Auto meter-off
Self-Timer
- Self-timer delay
- 2 s
- 5 s
- 10 s
- 20 s
Sets the Self-timer delay and number of shots. If more than 1, shots will be taken at 3s intervals.
- Number of shots
- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4
- 5
- 6
- 7
- 8
- 9
Remote On Duration
- 1 min
- 5 min
- 10 min
- 15 min
Sets how long camera will wait for a signal from wireless remote before cancelling remote mode.

 

Custom Setting Menu d:

Custom Setting Menu d Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Notes
Beep
- High
- Low
- Off
Sets volume of the "beep".
ISO Display

- On
- Off

Enables ISO display in the viewfinder (instead of frame count).
File Number Sequence
- On
- Off
- Reset
Controls whether file numbering continues from the last number when a new folder is created, the memory card is formatted or a new card is inserted.
Exposure Delay Mode
- On
- Off
When On, delays shutter release about 1 second after shutter button is pressed and mirror is raised, to reduce blur from mirror slap.
Print Date
- Off
- Date
- Date and time
- Date counter
Enables Date/Time imprinting on JPEGs. Date counter mode imprints the number of days to/from one of 3 selected dates.

 

Custom Setting Menu e:

Custom Setting Menu e Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Notes
Flash Control for Built-In Flash
- TTL
- Manual
Sets the flash mode. Manual sets flash power between Full and 1/32.
Auto Bracketing Set
- Exposure (3 frames)
- WB bracketing (3 frames)
- Active D-Lighting (2 frames)
Selects what parameter is bracketed in Auto bracketing mode.

 

Custom Setting Menu f:

Custom Setting Menu f Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Notes
Assign Self-Timer / Fn Button
- Self-timer
- Release mode
- Image quality/size
- ISO sensitivity
- White balance
- Active D-Lighting
- HDR mode
- + NEF (RAW)
- Auto bracketing
Assigns function to the Self-Timer/Fn. button.
Assign AE-L / AF-L Button
- AE/AF lock
- AE lock only
- AF lock only
- AE lock (hold)
- AF-ON
Selects behavior of the AE-L/AF-L button.
Reverse Dial Rotation
- Yes
- No
Reverses direction of command dial operation.
Slot Empty Release Lock
- Release locked
- Enable release
Determines if shutter can be released without a card installed.
Reverse Indicators
- + 0 - display
- - 0 + display
Reverses direction of analog exposure scale.

 

Setup Menu 1:

Setup Menu 1 Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Format Memory Card
All images on memory card will be deleted. OK?

- Yes
- No

Formats the camera's memory card, which erases all data - including files marked as protected.
Monitor Brightness
- -3/+3 adjustment
Adjusts LCD brightness darker or lighter 3 arbitrary units each way.
Info Display Format
- Classic
- Blue
- Black
- Orange
Both display types provide similar info, but the Graphic display has a cleaner, more modern layout, and adds visual cues of shutter speed, aperture, mode dial position, etc. Each type has three color scheme choices.
- Graphic
- Green
- Black
- Brown
Auto Info Display
- On
- Off
When On, LCD will display Info after shutter button is pressed halfway and released. If image review is off, it will also appear immediately after shooting. If set to Off, the display can be called up as needed by pressing the Info button.
Clean Image Sensor
- Clean now
Cleaning image sensor
Selects whether the camera should clean dust from the image sensor, and if so, when.
- Clean at startup / shutdown
- Clean at startup
- Clean at shutdown
- Clean at startup & shutdown
- Cleaning off
Lock Mirror Up for Cleaning
- Start
This locks the mirror up and opens the shutter to allow manual cleaning of the imaging sensor. The mirror and shutter are reset when the camera is switched off or the power runs out. Hence, it is important to ensure the camera has plenty of power before cleaning the sensor so as to avoid damage to the delicate shutter mechanism. Usefully, the camera tries to warn of an impending power loss by flashing the self-timer lamp and emitting a beeping sound approximately two minutes beforehand.
Video Mode
- NTSC
- PAL
Selects the video output mode for display on a TV
HDMI
- Output resolution
- Auto
- 480p (progressive)
- 576p (progressive)
- 720p (progressive)
- 1080i (interlaced)
Selects the video output mode for display on a high definition display, and whether HDMI-CEC (Consumer Electronics Control) should be enabled, allowing certain playback functions to be controlled from the attached display's remote control unit.
- Device control
- On
- Off

 

Setup Menu 2:

Setup Menu 2 Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Flicker Reduction
- 50 Hz
- 60 Hz
Reduces live view or movie flicker from fluorescent or mercury vapor lighting by matching the frequency of the local AC power supply.
Time Zone and Date
- Time zone
- Graphical time zone selector
Selects the time zone and date format that you want to use and sets the camera to use Daylight Savings time or not
- Date and time
- YMD and HMS
- Date format
- Y / M / D
- M / D / Y
- D / M / Y
- Daylight saving time
- On
- Off
Language
- Czech
- Danish
- German
- English
- Spanish
- French
- Indonesian
- Italian
- Dutch
- Norwegian
- Polish
- Portuguese
- Russian
- Finnish
- Swedish
- Turkish
- Arabic
- Traditional Chinese
- Simplified Chinese
- Japanese
- Korean
- Thai
Selects the language that the camera will use
Image Comment
- Done
- OK
Allows text comments to be added to the EXIF header of a picture. Comments can be up to 36 characters long, and can be seen in-camera in the third shooting data page of the photo info display, or in Nikon's supplied ViewNX 2 and optional Capture NX 2 applications.
- Input comment
- Data entry screen
- Attach comment
Auto Image Rotation
- On
- Off
Decides if the camera will record orientation information in your pictures, allowing them to be correctly rotated for viewing during playback in-camera or using compatible applications on a computer.
Image Dust Off Ref Photo
- Start
- Clean sensor then start
- Take photo of bright featureless white object 10cm from lens. Focus will be set to infinity
Captures the reference data used to filter out dust electronically
GPS
- Auto meter-off
- Enable
- Disable
Determines whether the exposure meter should remain active at all times while the optional GP-1 GPS unit is connected, and shows the current GPS fix (latitude, longitude, altitude, heading, UTC time) when active. The camera can also reset its internal clock based on that detected via GPS satellites.
- Position
- Use GPS to set camera clock
Firmware Version
- Done
Displays the current version of firmware installed in the camera.

 

Retouch Menu 1:

Retouch Menu 1 Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
D-Lighting
- Picture selection
- Normal
- High
- Low
Adjusts the D-Lighting to brighten shadows and reduce highlights.
Red-Eye Correction
- Picture selection (shows all pictures, but only those with detected faces can be selected)
- Zoom in
- Zoom out
- Pan
- Cancel zoom
- Create copy
Allows you to automatically detect and remove Red-eye in your pictures.
Trim
- Picture selection
- Increase size of crop
- Reduce size of crop
- Change crop aspect ratio (3:2, 4:3, 5:4, 1:1, 16:9)
- Move crop
- Create copy
Allows you to crop a picture.
Monochrome
- Black-and-white
Allows you to copy pictures to black and white, sepia or cyanotype. 'Darker' and 'Lighter' don't actually affect brightness, just saturation.
- Sepia
- Darker
- Lighter
- Cyanotype
- Darker
- Lighter
Filter Effects
- Skylight
- Warm Filter
Selects the filter effect to be added to the selected image, and allows the effect to be refined for some filter types, before saving as a new image. 'Darker' and 'Lighter' don't actually affect brightness, just saturation.
- Red Intensifier
- Darker
- Lighter
- Green Intensifier
- Darker
- Lighter
- Blue Intensifier
- Darker
- Lighter
- Cross Screen
- Number of points (4, 6, 8)
- Filter amount (three levels)
- Filter angle (three angles)
- Length of points (three lengths)
- Confirm
- Save
- Soft
- High
- Normal
- Low
Color Balance
- +/- 5 steps  green / magenta bias, and a
- +/- 5 steps blue / amber bias
Allows you to fine-tune the color balance via the adjustment window.
Image Overlay
- Selection window
- Image overlay screen
Allows you to take 2 RAW images and combine them into a third picture. Gain can be adjusted within the range of 0.1 to 2.0 for each source image separately. Result is saved as a JPEG file, so it isn't possible to stack more than two images by repeating the process.
NEF (RAW) Processing
- Selection window
- Image quality
- Image size
- White balance
- Exposure compensation
- Picture Control
Create JPEG copies of NEF files.

 

Retouch Menu 2:

Retouch Menu 2 Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Resize
- Select image
- Selection screen
Enhances saturation and contrast, and applies Active D-Lighting as required to brighten dark or backlit subjects.
- Choose size
- 1920x1280; 2.5M
- 1280x856; 1.1M
- 960x640; 0.6M
- 640x424; 0.3M
- 320x216; 0.1M
Quick Retouch
- Selection window
- High
- Normal
- Low
Enhances saturation and contrast, and applies Active D-Lighting as required to brighten dark or backlit subjects.
Straighten
- Rotate image in +/- 20 steps (+/- 5 degrees in 0.25 degree steps)
Correct tilted images (or deliberately tilt them for artistic effect) in-camera. Image is cropped to a rectangle fitted inside the rotated image.
Distortion Control
-Auto
- Manual
+/- 5 step adjustment
Corrects pincushion or barrel distortion. Auto corrects for you and then allows fine-grained adjustment, manual provides a coarser adjustment with no initial auto-adjust.
Fisheye
- +10 step adjustment
Mimics the effect of a fisheye lens
Color Outline
- Selection window
Creates a copy with only the outlines of an image showing.
Color Sketch
- Selection window
- Vividness (3 steps)
- Outlines (3 steps)
Creates a copy with only the outlines of an image showing.
Perspective Control
- +/- 20 step adjustment on horizontal and vertical axes
Corrects for diverging horizontals / verticals such as a shot of a tall building from ground level.

 

Retouch Menu 1:

Retouch Menu 3 Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Miniature Effect
- Choose area in focus
- Preview copy
- Cancel
- Create copy
Creates a graduated blur effect on either side of a user-specified area, which yields an artificially strengthened effect similar to narrow depth of field, reminiscent of a photograph of a miniature.
Selective Color
- Select color
- Color range
Removes all color from the image, except for 1 to 3 selected color ranges.
Edit Movie
- Choose start point
- Movie playback dialog with play, fast forward, rewind, frame forward, frame rewind, pause, and crop controls
Allows basic editing of movies, and saving of frames as still images.
- Choose end point
- Save selected frame

 

Recent Settings or My Menu:

Recent Settings or My Menu mode can be selected. Recent Settings automatically adds 20 of the most recently used settings to this menu, while My Menu mode lets you define and order what appears on this menu. The screenshot below shows Recent Settings mode.

My Menu Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Add Items
- Select Item
- Done
Select the item(s) you wish to add, then select Done.
This lets you add options to create a customized list of options.
Remove Items
- Select Item
- Done
Select the item(s) you wish to delete, then select Done to delete.
This lets you remove options to create a customized list of options.
Rank Items
- Menu of items
- Move
- OK
Select item and move it using Up or Down on the multi-selector.
This lets you rank options to create a customized list of options.
Choose Tab
- My Menu
- Recent Settings
Selects between My Menu and Recent Settings mode.