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EOS 40D compared to other Canon SLRs

EOS 40D vs Other Canon SLRs

The chart below compares the 40D with some other current Canon cameras. What we've done below is presented something of a hybrid comparison between these three models. A red cell means that a given camera performs below the other two, a green cell means that it performs better than the other two, and a yellow cell means it falls between the other two. In cases where two cameras share a superior capability, both cells will be colored green.

EOS 40D vs other Canon SLRs
Manufacturer
Canon
Canon
Canon
Model
EOS 400D
Digital Rebel XTi
EOS 30D
EOS 40D
Imaging
System
Sensor Manufacturer
Canon Canon Canon
Sensor Type
CMOS CMOS CMOS
Color Filter Array
RGB RGB RGB
Total Megapixels
10.5
8.5
10.5
Effective Megapixels
10.1 8.25 10.1
Effective Sensor Size (mm)
22.2 x 14.8
22.5 x 15.0
22.2 x 14.8
Focal Length Multiplier (approx.)
1.6x
1.6x
1.6x
Image Processor
DIGIC II
DIGIC II
DIGIC III
Viewfinder
Type
Eye-level pentamirror
Eye-level pentaprism
Eye-level pentaprism
Coverage
95%
95%
95%
Magnification (-1 diopter with 50mm lens at infinity)
0.8x
0.9x
0.95x
Eyepoint (mm)
21
20
22
Dioptric Adjustment Range (diopters)
-3.0 to +1.0
-3.0 to +1.0
-3.0 to +1.0
Focusing Screen
Fixed, precision matte screen
Fixed, precision matte screen
Interchangeable,
Standard screen: EF-A precision matte screen very similar to 30D
Optional EF-D screen: precision matte with grid lines
Optional EF-S screen: Super precision matte
(superior manual focusing with fast lenses, f/1.8 ~ f/2.8)
Viewfinder
Info Display
AF (AF points, focus confirmation light), Exposure (shutter speed, aperture, exposure level, AE lock, exposure compensation, AEB level, bulb), Flash (flash ready, red-eye reduction lamp on, high-speed sync, FE lock, FEB shooting, flash exposure compensation, insufficient flash warning during FE lock), White balance correction, Maximum burst, CF card full warning, CF card error warning, No CF card warning
AF (AF points, focus confirmation light), exposure (shutter speed, aperture value, manual exposure, AE lock, exposure compensation amount, AEB level, partial metering area), flash (flash ready, red-eye reduction lamp on, high-speed sync, FE lock, flash exposure compensation amount), warnings (exposure warning, improper FE lock warning, CF card full warning, CF card error warning, no CF card warning, busy), maximum burst for continuous shooting, shots remaining, ISO sensitivity
AF (AF points, focus confirmation light), exposure (shutter speed, aperture value, manual exposure, AE lock, exposure compensation amount, AEB level, partial metering area), flash (flash ready, red-eye reduction lamp on, high-speed sync, FE lock, flash exposure compensation amount), warnings (exposure warning, improper FE lock warning, CF card full warning, CF card error warning, no CF card warning, busy), maximum burst for continuous shooting (now 2 digits), shots remaining, ISO sensitivity (ISO always displayed), B&W mode
Depth of Field Preview
Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Recording
System
Recording Media / Quantity / Slot Type
Type I or II CF card / Microdrive
Type I or II CF card / Microdrive
Type I or II CF card / Microdrive
Compatible File System
FAT 16 / FAT 32
FAT 16 / FAT 32
FAT 16 / FAT 32
Recording Formats
RAW (CR2), JPEG
RAW (CR2), JPEG
RAW, sRAW (CR2); JPEG
A/D conversion
12-bit 12-bit 14-bit
Highlight Tone Priority Mode
No
No
Yes
Maximum Resolution
3,888 x 2,592 3,504 x 2,336 3,888 x 2,592
Reduced Resolutions (JPEG only)
2,816 x 1,880;
1,936 x 1,288
2,544 x 1,696;
1,752 x 1,168
2,816 x 1,880;
1,936 x 1,288
RAW + JPEG Recording
Yes,
JPEG large/fine only
Yes, selectable JPEG resolution / compression
Yes, selectable JPEG resolution / compression
Processing Parameters,
Color Space
&
White Balance
User-Selectable Color Space
Yes
sRGB + Adobe RGB
Yes
sRGB + Adobe RGB
Yes
sRGB + Adobe RGB
Processing Parameters
(Contrast, Sharpness, Saturation, Color Tone) / # of Increments
8 options for sharpness, 9 options for contrast, saturation, and color tone.

6 Picture styles (Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome), plus 3 user defined
8 options for sharpness, 9 options for contrast, saturation, and color tone. 

6 Picture styles (Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome), plus 3 user defined
8 options for sharpness, 9 options for contrast, saturation, and color tone. 

6 Picture styles (Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome), plus 3 user defined
Preset WB settings
6 (Daylight, Cloudy, Shade, Tungsten, White Fluorescent, Flash)
6 (Daylight, Cloudy, Shade, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Flash)
6 (Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, Fluorescent, Flash)
Manual Color Temperature Setting Range
Not available
2,800 ~ 10,000K
2,500 ~ 10,000K
WB Adjustment Range
+/-9 steps in 1-step increments
5 mireds per step
+/-9 steps in 1-step increments
5 mireds per step
Amber-Blue correction, in 9 steps;
Magenta-Green correction, in 9 steps;
Set on graph on LCD monitor, using 9-way controller
Both types of correction can be combined
Autofocus
System
Type
TTL-CT-SIR with a CMOS sensor
(TTL secondary image registration, phase detection)
TTL-CT-SIR with a CMOS sensor
(TTL secondary image registration, phase detection)
Entirely new Canon CMOS AF sensor
(TTL secondary image registration, phase detection)
# of Focusing Points (Focusing Point Type)
9 points
(1 cross-type, 8 single-axis)
9 points
(1 cross-type, 8 single-axis)
9 points
(all cross-type)
Center is "unique hybrid cross-type AF point: World's first high-precision AF point with both horizontal and vertical high-precision"
Superimposed Focus Point Display
Yes Yes Yes
AF Working Range
EV -0.5 ~ 18
EV -0.5 ~ 18
EV -0.5 ~ 18
AF-assist Beam
Yes, stroboscopic flash (Range: Approx. 4.0m / 13.1ft. at center, approx. 3.5m/11.5ft. off-center)
Yes, stroboscopic flash (Range: Approx. 4.0m / 13.1ft. at center, approx. 3.5m/11.5ft. off-center)
Yes, stroboscopic flash (Range: Approx. 4.0m / 13.1ft. at center, approx. 3.5m/11.5ft. off-center)
One-shot AF
Enabled in Portrait, Landscape, Close-up (Macro), Night Portrait, and A-DEP modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
Enabled in Portrait, Landscape, Close-up (Macro), Night Portrait, and A-DEP modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
Enabled in Portrait, Landscape, Close-up (Macro), Night Portrait, and A-DEP modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
AI Servo (Tracking) AF
Enabled in Sports mode.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
Enabled in Sports mode.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
Enabled in Sports mode.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
AI Focus AF
(auto selection of One-Shot or AI Servo AF)
Enabled in Full Auto and Flash Off modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority, and Manual modes.
Enabled in Full Auto and Flash Off modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority, and Manual modes.
Enabled in Full Auto and Flash Off modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority, and Manual modes.
Exposure
Control
Shooting Modes
12 - Program AE (Full Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait, Flash Off, Program), Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority AE, Depth-of-field AE, Manual exposure, ETTL-II autoflash
12 - Program AE (Full Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait, Flash Off, Program), Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority AE, Depth-of-field AE, Manual exposure, ETTL-II autoflash
12 - Program AE, Aperture-priority (Av), Shutter-priority (Tv), Manual, Depth-of-field AE, Green Zone, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Action, Night Portrait, Flash Off
Metering Zones
35
35
35
Metering Modes
Evaluative (linked to any AF point), center weighted average,
9% partial
Evaluative (linked to any AF point), center weighted average,
9% partial,
3.5% spot
Evaluative (linked to any AF point), center weighted average,
9% partial,
3.8% spot
Metering System Working Range
EV 1 ~ 20
EV 1 ~ 20
EV 0 ~ 20
ISO Range / Extended
100 ~ 1600 / --
100 ~ 1600 / 3200
100 ~ 1600 / 3200
Exposure Compensation
± 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV increments
± 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV increments
± 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV increments
Automatic Exposure Bracketing
+± 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps
± 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps
± 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps
Shutter Speeds,
Frame Rate, Shutter Lag
Shutter Type
Mechanical, all speeds electronically controlled
Mechanical, all speeds electronically controlled
Mechanical, all speeds electronically controlled
Shutter Speed Range
1/4000 ~ 30 sec. (1/2 or 1/3EV increments) and bulb
1/8000 ~ 30 sec. (1/2 or 1/3EV increments) and bulb
1/8000 ~ 30 sec. (1/2 or 1/3EV increments) and bulb
Maximum Frames Per Second / Buffer depth
3 fps
8 large/fine JPEG frames
5 fps
28 large/fine JPEG frames
6.4 fps
>20 large/fine JPEG frames
Shutter lag, full AF (sec.)
0.20
0.245
0.128
Shutter lag, prefocus (sec.)
0.105
0.068
0.061
Startup time (sec.)
0.4
(2.5 including sensor cleaning)
0.15
0.4
Flash
Built-in Flash / Guide Number at ISO 100.
Yes (13 meters / 43 feet)
Yes (13 meters / 43 feet)
Yes (13 meters / 43 feet)
Max flash x-sync speed. (sec.)
1/200
1/250
1/250
Flash Exposure Compensation
± 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps
± 2EV in 1/2 or 1/3EV increments
± 2EV in 1/2 or 1/3EV increments
Slow-sync flash
1st or 2nd curtain
1st or 2nd curtain
1st or 2nd curtain
PC Sync Terminal
Hot shoe only
Yes
Yes
Playback
System
LCD Size / Pixel Count
2.5 in. LCD / 230,000 pixels
2.5 in. LCD / 230,000 pixels
3.0 in. LCD / 230,000 pixels
Enlarged Playback / Scroll
1.5~10x in 15 steps / Yes
1.5~10x in 15 steps / Yes
1.5~10x in 15 steps / Yes
LCD Monitor Brightness Adjustment Range
7 steps
5 steps
7 steps
Automatic Rotation for Vertical Shots
Yes
Yes
Yes
Live View mode
No No Yes
Other Features
Computer Connection
USB 2.0 High-Speed, PTP-compliant
USB 2.0 High-Speed, PTP-compliant
USB 2.0 High-Speed, PTP-compliant
Direct Printing (PictBridge-compliant printers)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Menu Languages
15 (English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, Russian, Traditional Chinese, Korean, Japanese)
12 (English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, Japanese)
18 (English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Portuguese, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Greek, Russian, Polish, Simplified/Traditional Chinese, Korean, Japanese)
Camera Default Reset
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom Functions (Quantity)
Yes (11)
Yes (17)
Yes (24)
Remote Control
Compatible with Remote Switch RS-60E3, Wireless Remote Controllers RC-5 / RC-1
N3-type remote control
N3-type remote control
Info LCD Panel / Illumination
No / n/a
Yes / Yes (dedicated button)
Yes / Yes (dedicated button)
Ultrasonic sensor dust-removal function
Yes
No
Yes
Eye-start AF
No
No
No
Anti-Shake
(sensor shift)
No
No
No
Body Structure
Body Cover/Chassis
Largely plastic /
Stainless Steel
Magnesium Alloy /
Stainless Steel
Magnesium Alloy /
Stainless Steel
Weather resistant
No No Yes
Power System
Battery Compatibility
Main: NB-2LH
Backup: CR2016
Main: BP-511 / BP-512
Backup: CR2025
Main: BP-511A, BP-511, or BP-512
Backup: CR2016
Rated Shooting Capacity at 20C/68F
100% AE: 500
50% Flash: 370
100% AE: 1100
50% Flash: 750
100% AE: 1100
50% Flash: 800
Dimensions & Weight
Dimensions (WxHxD, mm)
126.5 x 94.2 x 65
144 x 105.5 x 73.5
145.5 x 108 x 73.5
Weight (body only)
510 g / 18 oz.
700 g / 24.5 oz.
740 g / 26.1 oz.
Operational
Environment
Operating Temperature Range
0 ~ 40°C / 32 ~ 104°F
0 ~ 40°C / 32 ~ 104°F
0 ~ 40°C / 32 ~ 104°F
Operating Humidity Range
< 85%
< 85%
< 85%
Kit Lens
Focal length/aperture
EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6
-
Optional EF 28-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM
Lens Compatibility
Lens Mount / Compatibility
EF / All EOS lenses, plus EF-S lenses
EF / All EOS lenses, plus EF-S lenses
EF / All EOS lenses, plus EF-S lenses