Canon PowerShot G10 Exposure
Saturation & Hue Accuracy
Very good overall color and hue accuracy, with minor oversaturation of some colors.
Saturation. The Canon G10 produced very good saturation overall, with only slight oversaturation in reds and blues. Some other colors such as bright yellows and purples were actually undersaturated a small amount. The Canon G10's images appeared to have natural looking color without appearing dull or subdued. Most consumer digital cameras produce color that's more highly saturated (more intense) than found in the original subjects. This is simply because most people like their color a bit brighter than life.
Skin tones. Here, with the color balanced properly for the light source, the Canon G10's skin tones did have a slightly reddish cast, but should still be pleasing to most consumers. Where oversaturation is most problematic is on Caucasian skin tones, as it's very easy for these "memory colors" to be seen as too bright, too pink, too yellow, etc.
Hue. The Canon PowerShot G10 produced a few color shifts relative to the correct mathematical translation of colors in its subjects, most visibly pushing cyan toward blue (for better-looking skies), red toward orange, and yellow toward green. Still, overall hue accuracy was quite good. Hue is "what color" the
The Canon G10 lets you adjust the image Saturation, Contrast, and Sharpness (as well as Red, Green, Blue, and Skin Tone settings) in five steps each. As can be seen below, the saturation adjustment was pretty effective.
|Saturation Adjustment Examples|
The table above shows results with the default as well as the two "extreme" saturation settings. Click on any thumbnail above, then click again to see the full-sized image.
| See full set of test images
See thumbnails of all test and gallery images
Exposure and White Balance
Indoors, incandescent lighting
Good color with the Auto and Manual white balance settings. About average positive exposure compensation required.
|Auto White Balance
|Incandescent White Balance
|Manual White Balance
Color balance indoors under incandescent lighting was a little warm with the Auto white balance setting, but the Canon G10 did better here than most digital cameras. The Incandescent white balance option resulted in a fairly strong reddish cast, while the Manual setting produced the most accurate overall. The G10's exposure system handled this lighting well, producing good results with an average amount of exposure compensation, + 0.3 EV. Overall color looks good, though the blue flowers look a touch purplish, probably due to the G10's tendency to punch up reds a little. (Many digital cameras reproduce the blue flowers here with more of a purplish tint, so the Canon G10 actually performs a little better than average here.) Our test lighting for this shot is a mixture of 60 and 100 watt household incandescent bulbs, a pretty yellow light source, but a very common one in typical home settings here in the U.S.
Good overall performance outdoors, though high contrast and hot highlights. Good color as well.
|Manual White Balance,
|Auto White Balance,
The Canon PowerShot G10 performed reasonably well under harsh outdoor lighting, though contrast was quite high. Slightly higher than average exposure compensation (+1.0 EV) was needed to keep the model's facial skin tones bright, resulting in a lot of blown highlights in her shirt and flowers. There was slight overexposure in the outdoor far-field house shot at the default exposure. Overall color is good though, if slightly reddish, with the Manual white balance setting on the portrait (the Auto and Daylight settings were just a touch too cool). Though overall contrast is high, the shadows hold onto a fair amount of detail. Fortunately, there's a contrast adjustment to help tame the highlights a bit.
Very high resolution, 1,800 lines of strong detail.
|Strong detail to
1,800 lines horizontal
|Strong detail to
1,800 lines vertical
2,600 lines horizontal
2,600 lines vertical
Our laboratory resolution chart revealed sharp, distinct line patterns down to about 1,800 lines per picture height in both directions. (Some would argue over 2,000 lines, but artifacts begin to appear at around 1,800 lines.) Extinction of the pattern occurred around 2,600 lines in both directions (multiple the results from the 2x chart by two). Use these numbers to compare with other cameras of similar resolution, or use them to see just what higher resolution can mean in terms of potential detail.
Sharpness & Detail
Sharp, detailed images overall, with only minor edge-enhancement on high-contrast subjects. Moderate noise suppression limits definition in the shadows, though detail is still strong here.
|Good definition of high-contrast
elements, with only minor
|Subtle detail: Hair
Noise suppression blurs
detail in areas of subtle contrast,
as in the darker parts of hair here.
Sharpness. The Canon PowerShot G10 captures excellent detail and reasonably sharp images. Slight enhancement artifacts are visible on high-contrast subjects such as the crop above left. Edge enhancement creates the illusion of sharpness by enhancing colors and tones right at the edge of a rapid transition in color or tone.
Detail. The crop above right shows moderate noise suppression, as the darker areas of hair show less distinct detail. However, individual strands remain fairly well defined in the more moderate shadows. Noise-suppression systems in digital cameras tend to flatten-out detail in areas of subtle contrast. The effects can often be seen in shots of human hair, where the individual strands are lost and an almost "watercolor" look appears.
RAW vs In-Camera JPEGs
As noted above, the Canon G10 produces fairly sharp, detailed in-camera JPEGs. As is almost always the case, quite a bit more detail can be obtained from carefully processing RAW files than can be seen in the in-camera JPEGs. The Canon G10's JPEGs are quite good straight from the camera, but it's surprising how much more detail is visible after processing in a good RAW converter. Take a look below, to see what we mean:
In the table above, mousing over a link at the bottom will load the corresponding crop in the area above, and clicking twice will open the full resolution image.
ISO & Noise Performance
Low to moderate noise at the normal sensitivity settings, with pretty good results up to ISO 400. Strong noise and loss of detail at higher settings, however.
|ISO 80||ISO 100||ISO 200|
|ISO 400||ISO 800||
The Canon PowerShot G10 produced low to moderate noise at the lower sensitivity settings, though the effects of noise reduction such as smudging and loss of detail can already be seen at ISO 200. At ISO 400, noise is still reasonable and fine detail fairly strong, though additional smudging is evident and chroma noise starts to appear in the shadows. Noise grain is much more apparent at ISO 800, as is an increase in detail loss and chroma noise. At ISO 1,600, a pronounced increase in noise greatly interferes with detail and color. Yellow and purple blotches start to appear in even tones and hair at ISO 800, and worsen as ISO goes up. ISO 3,200 is reasonably clean, but also devoid of fine detail due to the pixel binning or interpolation employed to produce the much lower resolution (1.9 megapixels) image. The exposure at ISO 3,200 is a bit dim as well. The Canon G10 does not have an adjustable noise reduction setting. To see how these images held up to printing at various sizes, read the Output Quality section below.
Extremes: Sunlit and low light tests
High resolution with strong detail, but high contrast. Good low-light performance, capable of getting bright images in near darkness.
|+0.3 EV||+0.7 EV||+1.0 EV|
Sunlight. The Canon PowerShot G10 performed reasonably well under the deliberately harsh lighting in the test above, but with washed-out highlights and deep shadows. Despite some noise suppression in the shadow areas, detail is still good in the shadows. Highlight detail is compromised, with clipping occurring in the shirt and some flowers, but still pretty good. At +0.7 EV, the face, background and some shadow areas are just a little dark, so we preferred the +1.0 EV exposure, though it resulted in a lot of blown highlights. The G10's adjustable contrast setting did a good job of decreasing the overall contrast and bringing up the midtones, without creating any strange color gradations on the face, but some highlights were still too hot. Be sure to use fill flash in situations like the one shown above; and it's better to shoot in the shade when possible.
As mentioned previously, the camera's contrast adjustment helped in handling the harsh lighting.
|Contrast set to lowest,
|Contrast set to lowest,
At its lowest contrast setting, the Canon G10 did a better job of preserving highlight detail, maintaining fairly natural-looking skin tones, and holding more in the shadows, though there are still some blown highlights in both the portrait and far-field house shots.
|Contrast Adjustment Examples|
The shots above show the results of the minimum, default and maximum contrast settings. While you can see the extremes, it's pretty hard to evaluate small differences in contrast on small thumbnails like these, click on any thumbnail to go to the full-size image.
|Off, +1.0EV||Auto, +1.0EV|
The above images show the effect of the Canon G10's Intelligent Contrast (i-Contrast) feature. The Auto mode did brighten the model's face a bit, though there appears to be sightly more clipping of highlights in her shirt and flowers.
Because digital cameras are more like slide film than negative film (in that they tend to have a more limited tonal range), we test them in the harshest situations to see how they handle scenes with bright highlights and dark shadows, as well as what kind of sensitivity they have in low light. The shot above is designed to mimic the very harsh, contrasty effect of direct noonday sunlight, a very tough challenge for most digital cameras. (You can read details of this test here.)
Low light. The Canon PowerShot G10 performed well on the low-light test, capturing reasonably bright images at the lowest light level with almost the lowest sensitivity setting (ISO 100). At ISOs 80 and 100, the image at 1/16 foot-candle are a bit dim, due to the G10's maximum exposure time of 15 seconds. Alternatively, images captured at ISO 3,200 were only bright down to the 1/4 foot-candle light level because the camera limits its exposure times to 1/8 second at that ISO setting. Color balance was pretty good with the Auto white balance setting. Images were reasonably clean up to ISO 400 at the lowest light levels, but increase in noise as ISO increases until ISO 3,200, where the lower resolution masks much of the noise (and detail too). In addition to default noise reduction, the G10 automatically applies dark-frame subtraction for exposures 1.3 seconds or slower.
The camera's autofocus system worked well also, as it was able to focus on the subject down to just below the 1/8 foot-candle light level unassisted, and down to the darkest light level with the AF assist enabled. (A useful trick when shooting under dim lighting is to just prop the camera on a convenient surface, and use its self-timer to release the shutter. This avoids any jiggling from your finger pressing the shutter button, and can work quite well when you don't have a tripod handy. The G10 should do quite well in such situations.)
How bright is this? The one foot-candle light level that this test begins at roughly corresponds to the brightness of typical city street-lighting at night. Cameras performing well at that level should be able to snap good-looking photos of street-lit scenes.
NOTE: This low light test is conducted with a stationary subject, and the camera mounted on a sturdy tripod. Most digital cameras will fail miserably when faced with a moving subject in dim lighting. (For example, a child's ballet recital or a holiday pageant in a gymnasium.) For such applications, you may have better luck with a digital SLR camera, but even there, you'll likely need to set the focus manually. For information and reviews on digital SLRs, refer to our SLR review index page.
Coverage and Range
A powerful flash, with good coverage. About average exposure compensation required.
|28mm equivalent||140mm equivalent|
|Normal Flash, +0.7 EV||Slow-Sync Flash, Default Exposure|
Coverage and Exposure. Flash coverage was somewhat uneven at wide angle (not surprising, given the wider-than-average 28mm equivalent focal length), with more uniform results at full telephoto. In the Indoor test, the G10's flash underexposed our subject at its default setting, requiring a boost in exposure to +0.7 EV, a typical value for this scene. The camera's Slow-Sync flash mode produced slightly brighter and more even results with no exposure compensation, though with a stronger yellow-orange cast from the room lighting.
ISO 100 Range. At wide angle and ISO 100, flash shots were bright all the way out to 16 feet, the limit of our test. At telephoto, flash shots were bright to about 12 feet, decreasing in brightness from that point on. Excellent results here.
|Manufacturer-Specified Flash Range|
Auto ISO 250
Auto ISO 250
Manufacturer Specified Flash Test. In the shots above, the G10 seems to perform about as Canon says it will at wide angle and telephoto. It boosted ISO a little to 250, probably because the metering reacted to all the black in the target scene. Much better than average performance here. Our standard test method for flash range uses a fixed setting of ISO 100, to provide a fair basis of comparison between cameras. We've now also begun shooting two shots using the manufacturer-specified camera settings, at the range the company claims for the camera, to assess the validity of the specific claims.
Good print quality, good color, sharp 16x20-inch prints. ISO 400 images are soft but usable at 13x19, ISO 800 shots are good at 11x14.
Print quality is quite excellent from the Canon G10's images, with good color. Conservatively, the ISO 80 JPEG images look great at 16x20 inches, and are usable at 20x30 straight out of the camera; sharpening and processing from RAW can sharpen things up considerably at all ISO settings. ISO 400 JPEG images are soft but usable at 13x19, but stand up better at 11x14 inches. Even ISO 800 shots are usable at 11x14, with a film-like grain pattern. ISO 1,600 shots are good at 5x7, too, but ISO 3,200 shots really are too soft to be usable at 4x6 inches. Overall, an amazing performance.
Testing hundreds of digital cameras, we've found that you can only tell just so much about a camera's image quality by viewing its images on-screen. Ultimately, there's no substitute for printing a lot of images and examining them closely. For this reason, we now routinely print sample images from the cameras we test on our Canon Pro9000 studio printer, and on the Canon iP5200 here in the office. (See the Canon PIXMA Pro9000 review for details on that model.)