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Nikon D70

The Nikon D70 is an "entry-level" SLR loaded with features at a sub-$1,000 price.

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Page 2:Comparison with other models

Review First Posted: 04/14/2004

Comparison with other models

Given all that's new and improved with the D70, I thought it would be helpful to readers to compare its features against those of the earlier D100, as well as against Canon's Digital Rebel and EOS-10D models. Here's the results of my poring through the spec sheets for the various cameras, as well as my own previous tests and reviews:

Nikon D70 vs. D100 and Canon Digital Rebel, EOS-10D
Item
D70 D100
Digital Rebel
EOS 10D
Imaging
System
Imaging Element/Effective Pixels CCD,
6.24 Megapixels
6.1 effective
CCD,
6.31 Megapixels
6.1 effective
CMOS
6.5 Megapixels
6.3 effective
Effective Sensor Size 15.6 x 23.7mm 15.1 x 22.7mm
Picture angle reduction, vs 35mm frame Approx 1.5x Approx. 1.6x
Image Processor Not stated
SLR-DIGIC
Viewfinder Type Eye-level pentamirror Eye-level pentaprism Eye-level pentamirror Eye-level pentaprism
Coverage 95% horizontally and vertically
Magnification (-1 diopter with 50mm lens at infinity) 0.75x 0.8x 0.8x 0.88x
Eyepoint 18mm 20mm 21mm 20mm
Dioptric Adjustment Range -1.6 to +0.5 diopter -2.0 to +1.0 diopter -3.0 to +1.0 diopter
Focusing Screen B-type BriteView clear matte screen, with on-demand grid lines Fixed, all-matte screen Fixed, new laser matte screen
Viewfinder
Info Display
AF information (AF points, focus confirmtation, AF area mode, AE/AF lock indicator), exposure information (shutter speed, aperture value, manual exposure, AE/AF lock indicator, exposure level, flash exposure, exposure compensation indicator), flash-ready indicator, shots remaining, battery level AF information (AF points, focus confirmation light), exposure information (shutter speed, aperture value, manual exposure, AE lock, exposure level), flash information (flash ready, red-eye reduction lamp on, high-speed sync, FE lock), shots remaining, CF card information AF (AF points, focus confirmation light), exposure (shutter speed, aperture value, manual exposure, AE lock, exposure compensation amount, AEB level, partial metering area), flash (flash ready, red-eye reduction lamp on, high-speed sync, FE lock, flash exposure compensation amount), warnings (exposure warning, improper FE lock warning, CF card full warning, CF card error warning, no CF card warning, busy), maximum burst for continuous shooting, shots remaining
Depth of Field Preview Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Recording
System
Recording Media/Quantity/Slot Type CF card/1 slot/Type I or II
Compatible File Formats
FAT 16/32
Recording Formats RAW (NEF), JPEG RAW (CRW), JPEG
Maximum Resolution 3,008 x 2,000 3,072 x 2,048
Reduced Resolutions (JPEG only) 2,240 x 1,488; 1,504 x 1,000 2,048 x 1,360; 1,356 x 1,024
RAW + JPEG Recording Yes/Basic JPEG only No
Yes/Middle Fine JPEG only, embedded in RAW
Yes/Selectable JPEG resolution/compression
Color Space &
White Balance
User-Selectable Color Space Yes
sRGB (two variants) + Adobe RGB
Yes
sRGB + Adobe RGB
Processing Parameters
(Contrast, Sharpness, Saturation, Color Tone)/# of Increments
6 options each for sharpness and contrast, 3 options for saturation. 7-step hue adjustment. Digital vari-programs preset various processing parameters as well, and color space III boosts saturation somewhat. 5 options for sharpening, 6 for contrast, 7 for hue, none for saturation. Second sRGB color space boosts saturation somewhat.
Yes/5
(Same as 10D, but new is default sets: one mimics 10D settings and one boosts contrast, saturation, and sharpening for snappier prints. This is the factory default setting)
Yes/5
Preset WB settings 6 (Daylight, Cloudy, Shade, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Flash)
Manual Color Temperature Setting Range (No Kelvin option, but very broad Preset WB range) None 2,800 ~ 10,000K
in 100K increments
WB Adjustment Range ±3 steps in 1-step increments
10 mireds per ste
±3 steps in 1-step increments
5 mireds per step
Autofocus
System
Type TTL phase detection by Nikon Multi-CAM900 autofocus module TTL-CT-SIR with a CMOS sensor
(TTL secondary image registration, phase detection)
# of Focusing Points (Focusing Point Type) / Superimposed Display 5 points / Yes 7 points (1 cross-type, 2 horizontal-type, 4 vertical-type) / Yes
AF Working Range EV -1 ~ 19 EV 0.5 ~ 18
AF-assist Beam Bright incandescent lamp, (Range approx. 3.0 m, 9.8 ft, depending on lens.) Not dependent on flash setting. Yes, stroboscopic flash (Range: Approx. 4.0m / 13.1ft. at center, approx. 3.5m/11.5ft. off-center) Note: Only available when flash is enabled.
One-shot AF Available in all modes Enabled in Portrait, Landscape, Close-up (Macro), Night Portrait, and A-DEP modes. Enabled in Portrait, Landscape, Close-up (Macro), Night Portrait, and A-DEP modes.
Se
lectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
AI Servo (Tracking) AF Available in all modes Enabled in Sports mode only. Enabled in Sports mode.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
AI Focus AF Slightly different, but closest-subject focus priority available in all modes Enabled in Full Auto, Flash Off, Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority, and Manual modes. Enabled in Full Auto and Flash Off modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority, and Manual modes.
Exposure
Control
Shooting Modes 11 - Program, shutter-priority AE, aperture-priority AE, Manual, Auto, Portrait, Landcape, Close up, Sports, Night Landscape, Night Portrait. 4 - Program, shutter-priority AE, aperture-priority AE, manual mode. 12 - Program AE (Full Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait, Flash Off, Program), shutter-priority AE, aperture-priority AE, depth-of-field AE, manual exposure, ETTL autoflash
Metering Zones 1,005 10 35
Metering Modes 1) 3D color matrix metering with 1,005-pixel RGB sensor(2) Center-weighted: Weight of 75% (8mm dia. circle) given to 6, 8, 10, or 13 mm dia. circle in center of frame, or weighting based on average of entire frame(3) Spot: Meters 2.3 mm dia. circle (about 1% of frame) centered on active focus area 1) 3D Matrix Metering with 10-segment SPD, 2) Center-Weighted, 3) Spot Metering Evaluative (linked to any AF point), center weighted average (set automatically in manual mode), 9% partial Evaluative (linked to any AF point), center weighted, 9% partial
Metering System Working Range 1) EV 0 to 20 (3D color matrix or center-weighted metering)2) EV 2 to 20 (spot metering) (ISO 100 equivalent, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F) 1) Matrix Metering: EV 0-21; 2) Center-Weighted Metering: EV 0-21; 3) Spot Metering: EV 3-21 (at normal temperature, ISO 100 equivalent, f/1.4 lens) EV 1 ~ 20
ISO Range / Extended 200-1600 200-1600 / 3200 100 ~ 1600 / -- 100 ~ 1600 / 3200
Exposure Compensation +/- 5EV in 1/2 or 1/3EV increments (can be combined with AEB) +/- 2EV in 1/3EV increments (can be combined with AEB) +/- 2EV in 1/2 or 1/3EV increments (can be combined with AEB)
Automatic Exposure Bracketing 2 or 3 shots, 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV steps 2 or 3 shots, 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV steps +/- 2EV in 1/3EV increments +/- 2EV in 1/2 or 1/3EV increments
Shutter Speeds,
Frame Rate, Shutter Lag
Shutter Type Combined mechanical and CCD electronic shutter Electronically controlled mechanical Mechanical, all speeds electronically controlled
Shutter Speed Range 30 to 1/8000 sec. in steps of 1/3 or 1/2 EV, bulb 30 to 1/4000 sec. and Bulb 30 to 1/4000 sec. (1/3EV increments) and bulb 30 to 1/4000 sec. (1/2 or 1/3EV increments) and bulb
Maximum Frames Per Second/Buffer depth 2.92 fps / unlimited (In JPEG large/normal, with fast card) 2.88 fps / 9 frames 2.5 fps / 4 frames 2.94 fps / 9 frames
Shutter lag, full AF 0.34-0.49 0.15 0.25-0.28 0.146
Shutter lag, prefocus 0.124 0.100 0.142 0.146
Startup time ~ Zero 0.63 sec 3.09 sec 2.32 sec
Flash Built-in Flash / Guide Number at ISO 100. Yes (12 meters / 39 feet) Yes (13 meters / 43 feet)
Max flash x-sync speed. 1/500 (!) 1/180 1/200 1/200
Flash Exposure Compensation -3 to +1 EV, 1/3 or 1/2 EV steps No +/- 2EV in 1/2 or 1/3EV increments
Slow-sync flash 1st or 2nd curtain 1st curtain only 1st or 2nd curtain
i-TTL flash Yes No n/a n/a
D-TTL flash No Yes n/a n/a
PC Sync Terminal Hot shoe only Hot shoe only Yes
Playback
System
LCD Size / Pixel Count 1.8 in LCD / 130,000 pixels 1.8 in LCD / 118,000 pixels 1.8 in. LCD / 118,000 pixels
Enlarged Playback / Scroll 1.1 - 4x in 10 steps / Yes 1.5~10x in 15 steps / Yes
LCD Monitor Brightness Adjustment Range 5 steps
Automatic Rotation for Vertical Shots Yes No Yes
Other Features USB Connection Yes, PTP-compliant (v2.0 standard, v1.1 speed) Yes, USB 1.1 Yes, PTP-compliant, USB v 1.1
Direct Printing (PictBridge-compliant printers) Yes No Yes Yes (Not PictBridge, select Canon models only.)
Menu Languages 11 (Japanese, German, English, Spanish, French, Korean (?), Italian, Simplified Chinese, Dutch, Swedish) 12 (English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, and Japanese.)
Camera Default Reset Yes
Custom Functions (Quantity / Settings) Yes (9 or 25) Yes (24) No Yes (17)
Remote Control Optional IR Optional, 10-pin remote terminal available in optional Multi Function Battery Pack Optional, Compatible with Remote Switch RS-60E3, Remote Controller RC-5 / RC-1 Optional, N3-type remote control
LCD Panel Illumination Yes (dedicated button)
Text Comments Yes, stored in EXIF headers No
Body Structure Body Cover/Chassis Largely Plastic Metal Largely Plastic Magnesium Alloy/Stainless Steel
Power System Battery Compatibility EN-EL3,
CR2 pack
(3 cells)
EN-EL3 Main: BP-511 / BP-512
Backup: CR2016
Main: BP-511 / BP-512
Backup: CR2025
Rated Shooting Capacity at 20C/68F 100% AE: 2000
50% Flash: 400
100% AE: 1600
50% Flash: 370
100% AE: 600
50% Flash: 400
100% AE: 650
50% Flash: 500
Dimensions & Weight Dimensions (WxHxD,mm) 140 x 111 x 78 144 x 116 x 80.5 142 x 99 x 72.9 149.7 x 107.5 x 75
Weight 595g/21 oz (body only) 700g /24.7 oz (body only) 560g/19.7 oz. (body only) 653g/23.0 oz (with battery & card) 790g/27.9 oz. (body only)
Lens Compatibility Lens Mount / Compatibility
  1. DX Nikkor: All functions supported;
  2. Type G- or D-AF Nikkor: All functions supported;
  3. Micro Nikkor 85mm F2.8D: All functions supported except some exposrue modes;
  4. Other AF Nikkor (excluding lenses for F3AF): All functions supported except 3D Color Matrix Metering, i-TTL balanced Fill-Flash for digital SLR;
  5. AI-P Nikkor: All functions supported except 3D Color Matrix Metering, i-TTL balanced Fill-Flash for digital SLR and autofocus;
  6. Non-CPU: Can be used in exposure mode M, but exposure meter does not function; electronic range finder can be used if maximum aperture is f/5.6 or faster.
  7. IX Nikkor Lenses cannot be used.
EF / All EOS lenses, plus Digital Rebel specific EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 lens EF / All EOS lenses

 

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