D80 vs Competing Models

Nikon D80 vs other manufacturer's SLRs
Manufacturer
Nikon
Canon
Canon
Olympus
Sony
Model
D80
EOS 400D
Digital Rebel XTi
EOS 30D
EVOLT E-500
Alpha A100
Imaging
System
Sensor Manufacturer Sony Canon Canon Kodak Sony
Sensor Type CCD CMOS CMOS CCD CCD
Color Filter Array RGB RGB RGB RGB RGB
Total Megapixels
10.75
10.5
8.25
8.9
10.8
Effective Megapixels 10.2 10.1 8.5 8.15 10.2
Effective Sensor Size (mm)
23.6 x 15.8
22.2 x 14.8
22.5 x 15.0
17.3 x 13.0
23.6 x 15.8
Focal Length Multiplier (approx.)
1.5x
1.6x
1.6x
2.0x
1.5x
Image Processor
Not stated
DIGIC II
DIGIC II
TruePic TURBO
Bionz
Viewfinder
Type
Eye-level pentaprism
Eye-level pentamirror
Eye-level pentaprism
Eye-level
 pentamirror
Eye-level with roof mirror-type pentaprism
Coverage
95%
95%
95%
95%
95%
Magnification (-1 diopter with 50mm lens at infinity)
0.94x
0.8x
0.9x
0.9x
0.83x
Eyepoint (mm)
19.5
21
20
10
20 from eyepiece,
16 from eyepiece frame at -1 diopter
Dioptric Adjustment Range (diopters)
-2.0 to +1.0
-3.0 to +1.0
-3.0 to +1.0
-3.0 to +1.0
-2.5 to +1
Focusing Screen
Type-B BriteView clear matte screen Mark II, with on-demand grid lines
Fixed, precision matte screen
Fixed, precision matte screen
Fixed (Matte with AF/Metering marks)
Spherical Acute Matte
Viewfinder
Info Display
Focus area brackets/spot metering areas, center-weighted metering area, on-demand framing grid, black and white mode warning, low battery warning, no memory card warning, focus confirmation, FV lock indicator, AE lock indicator, Auto ISO indicator, shutter speed, aperture value, electronic analog exposure display, battery status, flash compensation indicator, exposure compensation indicator, WB/exposure bracketing indicator, number of remaining exposures/buffer space/exposure compensation value/flash compensation value/PC mode indicator, flash-ready indicator
AF (AF points, focus confirmation light), Exposure (shutter speed, aperture, exposure level, AE lock, exposure compensation, AEB level, bulb), Flash (flash ready, red-eye reduction lamp on, high-speed sync, FE lock, FEB shooting, flash exposure compensation, insufficient flash warning during FE lock), White balance correction, Maximum burst, CF card full warning, CF card error warning, No CF card warning
AF (AF points, focus confirmation light), exposure (shutter speed, aperture value, manual exposure, AE lock, exposure compensation amount, AEB level, partial metering area), flash (flash ready, red-eye reduction lamp on, high-speed sync, FE lock, flash exposure compensation amount), warnings (exposure warning, improper FE lock warning, CF card full warning, CF card error warning, no CF card warning, busy), maximum burst for continuous shooting, shots remaining, ISO sensitivity
AF frames, shutter speed, aperture value, AF confirmation mark, flash, white balance, AE lock, number of storable still pictures, exposure compensation value indication, metering mode, battery status, exposure mode, record mode
AF frames, spot metering area, shutter speed, aperture value, EV scale, AE lock, focus indication, flash ready status, flash compensation, wireless flash mode, high-speed sync mode, frames remaining, camera-shake warning, Super SteadyShot scale
Depth of Field Preview
Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Recording
System
Recording Media / Quantity / Slot Type
Secure Digital card
 (SDHC compatible)
Type I or II CF card / Microdrive
Type I or II CF card / Microdrive
Type I or II CF card / Microdrive, xD-Picture Card
Type I or II CF card / Microdrive; Memory Stick Duo / Duo Pro  (with adapter for CF slot)
Compatible File System
FAT 16 / FAT 32
FAT 16 / FAT 32
FAT 16 / FAT 32
FAT 16 / FAT 32
FAT 16 / FAT 32
Recording Formats
RAW (NEF), JPEG
RAW (CR2), JPEG
RAW (CR2), JPEG
RAW (ORF), JPEG, TIFF
RAW (ARW), JPEG
Maximum Resolution
3872 x 2592
3,888 x 2,592
3504 x 2336
3,264 x 2,448
3872 x 2592
Reduced Resolutions (JPEG only)
2896 x 1944; 1936 x 1296
2816 x 1880; 1936 x 1288
2544 x 1696; 1752 x 1168
3,200 x 2,400; 2,560 x 1,920; 1,600 x 1,200; 1,280 x 960; 1,024 x 768; 640 x 480
2896 x 1936,
1920 x 1280
RAW + JPEG Recording
Yes, selectable JPEG resolution / compression
Yes, large/fine JPEG only
Yes, selectable JPEG resolution / compression
Yes
Yes, large/fine JPEG only
Color Space &
White Balance
User-Selectable Color Space
Yes
sRGB (two variants) + Adobe RGB
Yes
sRGB + Adobe RGB
Yes
sRGB + Adobe RGB
Yes
sRGB + Adobe RGB
Yes
sRGB + Adobe RGB
Processing Parameters
(Contrast, Sharpness, Saturation, Color Tone) / # of Increments
7 options each for sharpness and contrast, 4 options for saturation. 7-step hue adjustment. Digital vari-programs preset various processing parameters as well. Second sRGB color space boosts saturation somewhat.
8 options for sharpness, 9 options for contrast, saturation, and color tone. 

6 Picture styles (Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome), plus 3 user defined
8 options for sharpness, 9 options for contrast, saturation, and color tone. 

6 Picture styles (Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome), plus 3 user defined
5 options each for sharpness, saturation, and contrast. Normal/Low/High-key Gradation adjustment
5 options each for sharpness, saturation, and contrast.
Dynamic Range Optimizer: off,  standard, advanced;
Colour Mode: Standard, Vivid, Portrait, Landscape, Sunset, Night View/Night Portrait, Black & White.
Preset WB settings
6 (Daylight, Cloudy, Shade, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Flash)
6 (Daylight, Cloudy, Shade, Tungsten, White Fluorescent, Flash)
6 (Daylight, Cloudy, Shade, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Flash)
9 (Auto, Custom, plus 7 Kelvin Temperature settings correlated with common light sources, such as incandescent, various types of fluorescent, etc.)
  8 (Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, Fluorescent, Flash, Custom)
Manual Color Temperature Setting Range
2,500 ~ 10,000K in increments of roughly 10 mired
Not available
2,800 ~ 10,000K
3,000 ~ 7,000K
2,500 ~ 9,900K
with 19-step magenta/green compensation
WB Adjustment Range
±3 steps in 1-step increments
10 mireds per step
±9 steps in 1-step increments
5 mireds per step
±3 steps in 1-step increments
5 mireds per step
±7 steps in 1-step increments, 2 mireds per step
±3 steps (-2 to +4 in Fluorescent) in 1-step increments
10 mireds per step
Autofocus
System
Type
TTL phase detection by Nikon Multi-CAM1000 autofocus module
TTL-CT-SIR with a CMOS sensor
(TTL secondary image registration, phase detection)
TTL-CT-SIR with a CMOS sensor
(TTL secondary image registration, phase detection)
TTL phase detection
TTL phase detection
# of Focusing Points (Focusing Point Type)
11 normal points or 1 wide point (1 cross-type, 2 horizontal-type, 8 vertical-type)
9 points (1 cross-type, 8 single-axis)
9 points (1 cross-type, 8 single-axis)
3 points (1 cross-type, 2 single-axis)
9 points, (1 cross-type, 8 single-axis)
Superimposed Focus Point Display Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
AF Working Range
EV -1 ~ 19 (ISO 100)
EV -0.5 ~ 18
EV -0.5 ~ 18
EV 0 ~ 19 (ISO 100)
EV 0 ~ 18 (ISO 100)
AF-assist Beam
Bright incandescent lamp, (Range approx. 3.0m / 9.8 ft, depending on lens.) Not dependent on flash setting.
Yes, stroboscopic flash (linked to all 9 AF points)
Yes, stroboscopic flash (Range: Approx. 4.0m / 13.1ft. at center, approx. 3.5m/11.5ft. off-center)
With built-in flash unit, and on dedicated Olympus external flash units. Note: Only available when flash is enabled.
With built-in flash unit (must be raised), (Range approx. 5.0m / 16.4 ft, depending on lens.); and on dedicated Sony external flash units. 
One-shot AF
Available in all modes
Enabled in Portrait, Landscape, Close-up (Macro), Night Portrait, and A-DEP modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
Enabled in Portrait, Landscape, Close-up (Macro), Night Portrait, and A-DEP modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
Locked by first position of Shutter Button / OK Button (Customizable)
Available in
Single Shot AF mode
AI Servo (Tracking) AF
Available in all modes
(D80 adds AF-A mode, for auto selection of one-shot or tracking AF, compared to D70/D70s/D200).
Enabled in Sports mode.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
Enabled in Sports mode.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes.
Available in Continuous AF Mode
Available in Continuous AF Mode
AI Focus AF
 Closest-subject focus priority available in all modes; Predictive AF for moving subjects in AF-C mode
Enabled in Full Auto and Flash Off modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority, and Manual modes.
Enabled in Full Auto and Flash Off modes.
Selectable in Program, Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority, and Manual modes.
Predictive AF for moving subjects
Predictive focus control (with moving subjects in Automatic AF and Continuous AF modes)
Exposure
Control
Shooting Modes
11 - Program (with shift), Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority AE, Manual, Auto, Portrait, Landcape, Close up, Sports, Night Landscape, Night Portrait.
.
12 - Program AE (Full Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait, Flash Off, Program), Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority AE, Depth-of-field AE, Manual exposure, ETTL-II autoflash
12 - Program AE (Full Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait, Flash Off, Program), Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority AE, Depth-of-field AE, Manual exposure, ETTL-II autoflash
7 - Auto, Program, Aperture-priority AE, Shutter-priority AE, Manual, Scene Program, Scene Select.

15 Scene modes (Portrait, Landscape, Landscape + Portrait, Night Scene, Night Scene + Portrait, Fireworks, Sunset, Macro, Sports, High-Key, Low-Key, Documents, Beach & Snow, Candle, and Children)

6 - Auto, Program (with shift), Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority AE, Manual, Scene Selection

6 Scene modes (Portrait, Landscape, Macro, Sports Action, Sunset, and Night Portrait)
Metering Zones
420
35
35
49
40
Metering Modes
1) 3D Color Matrix Metering II (type G and D lenses); Color Matrix Metering II (other CPU lenses); metering performed by 420-segment RGB sensor.
2) Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 6, 8, or10 mm dia. circle in center of frame.
3) Spot: Meters 3.5 mm dia. circle (about 2.5% of frame) centered on active focus area.
Evaluative (linked to any AF point), center weighted average,
9% partial
Evaluative (linked to any AF point), center weighted average,
9% partial,
3.5 degree spot
Digital ESP (evaluative), center-weighted,
2% spot,
highlight spot,
shadow spot
Multi-segment,
center-weighted,
spot
Metering System Working Range
1) EV 0 ~ 20
(3D Color Matrix or Center-weighted)

2) EV 2 ~ 20
(Spot metering)

(ISO 100 equivalent, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F)
EV 1 ~ 20
EV 1 ~ 20
1) EV 1 ~ 20
(Digital ESP and Center-weighted)

2) EV 3 ~ 17
(Spot metering)
 
(ISO 100, 50mm f/2
lens )
1) EV 1 ~ 20 (Multi-Segment and Center-weighted)

2) EV 4 ~ 20
 (Spot metering)

( ISO 100,  f/1.4 lens)
ISO Range / Extended
100 ~ 1600 / 3200
100 ~ 1600 / --
100 ~ 1600 / 3200
100 ~ 400 / 1600
  80 / 100 ~ 1600
Exposure Compensation
+/- 5 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV increments
+/- 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV increments
+/- 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV increments
+/- 5 EV in 1, 1/2 or 1/3 EV increments
+/- 2 EV,
1/3 EV increments
Automatic Exposure Bracketing
2 or 3 shots, 1/3, 1/2, 2/3, 1 or 2 EV steps
+/- 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps
+/- 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps
3 or 5 shots
in +/- 1, 2/3, 1/2, or 1/3 EV steps
3 shots,
0.3 EV / 0.7 EV steps
Shutter Speeds,
Frame Rate, Shutter Lag
Shutter Type
Mechanical Focal Plane, electronically controlled
Mechanical, all speeds electronically controlled
Mechanical, all speeds electronically controlled
Mechanical Focal Plane, electronically controlled
Mechanical Focal Plane, electronically controlled
Shutter Speed Range
1/4000 ~ 30 sec. in steps of 1/3 or 1/2 EV, bulb
1/4000 ~ 30 sec. (1/2 or 1/3EV increments) and bulb
1/8000 ~ 30 sec. (1/2 or 1/3EV increments) and bulb
1/4000 ~ 60 sec., bulb
1/4000 ~ 30 sec.,
bulb
Maximum Frames Per Second / Buffer depth
3 fps / 9 large/fine
3 fps / 8 large/fine JPEG frames
5 fps / 30 large/fine JPEG frames
2.58 fps / 4 large/fine JPEG frames
2.38 fps / 19 large/fine JPEG frames
Shutter lag, full AF (sec.)
0.25
0.20
0.245
0.37 - 0.38
0.31
Shutter lag, prefocus (sec.)
0.083
0.105
0.068
0.095
0.116
Startup time (sec.)
0.20
0.4
0.15
3.0
1.1
Flash
Built-in Flash / Guide Number at ISO 100.
Yes (13 meters / 43 feet)
Yes (13 meters / 43 feet)
Yes (13 meters / 43 feet)
Yes (13 meters / 43 feet)
Yes (12 meters / 39 feet)
Max flash x-sync speed. (sec.)
1/200
1/200
1/250
1/180
1/160 (with Super SteadyShot off), 1/125  (with Super SteadyShot on)
Flash Exposure Compensation
-3 to +1 EV, 1/3 or 1/2 EV steps
+/- 2 EV in 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps
+/- 2EV in 1/2 or 1/3EV increments
+/- 2 EV, 1, 1/2, or 1/3 EV steps
+/-2 EV, 0.3 EV steps
Slow-sync flash
1st or 2nd curtain
1st or 2nd curtain
1st or 2nd curtain
1st or 2nd curtain
1st or 2nd curtain
PC Sync Terminal
Hot shoe only
Hot shoe only
Yes
Hot shoe only
Hot shoe only
Playback
System
LCD Size / Pixel Count
2.5 in LCD / 230,000 pixels
2.5 in. LCD / 230,000 pixels
2.5 in. LCD / 230,000 pixels
2.5 in LCD / 215,250 pixels
2.5 in LCD / 230,000 pixels
Enlarged Playback / Scroll
1.1 - 25x for large images, 19x for medium images, or 13x for small ones/ Yes
1.5~10x in 15 steps / Yes
1.5~10x in 15 steps / Yes
2, 3, 4, 10x / Yes
1.1 - 12x for large images, 9x for medium images, 6x for small images / Yes
LCD Monitor Brightness Adjustment Range
5 steps
7 steps
5 steps
7 steps
5 steps
Automatic Rotation for Vertical Shots
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Other Features
Computer Connection
Yes, PTP-compliant (v2.0 standard, v2.0 speed)
USB 2.0 High-Speed, PTP-compliant
Yes, USB 2.0, PTP-compliant
Yes, PTP-compliant (v2.0 standard, v1.1 max speed)
Yes, PTP-compliant (v2.0 standard, v2.0 speed)
Direct Printing (PictBridge-compliant printers)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Menu Languages
15 (Japanese, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Korean, Italian, Traditional Chinese, Simplified Chinese, Dutch, Swedish)
15 (English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, Russian, Traditional Chinese, Korean,and Japanese.)
12 (English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, and Japanese.)
7 (English, German, French, Spanish, Japanese, Chinese, and Korean)
 

6 (English, French, Spanish, Italian, Simplified Chinese, and Traditional Chinese)

Camera Default Reset
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom Functions (Quantity)
Yes (32)
Yes (11)
Yes (17)
No
Yes (12)
Remote Control
Optional, compatible with MC-DC1 cord or ML-L3 IR
Compatible with Remote Switch RS-60E3, Wireless Remote Controllers RC-5 / RC-1
N3-type remote control
Optional,
 RM-1
Optional,
  RMS1AM cord
Info LCD Panel / Illumination
Yes / Yes (power switch)
No / n/a
Yes / Yes (dedicated button)
No / n/a
  No / n/a
Ultrasonic CCD dust-removal function
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Eye-start AF
No
No
No
No
Yes
Anti-Shake
(CCD shift)
No
No
No
No
Yes (Super SteadyShot),
2-3.5 stops of correction
Body Structure
Body Cover/Chassis
Largely Plastic
Largely plastic, metal frame
Magnesium Alloy / Stainless Steel
Largely plastic
Largely plastic
Power System
Battery Compatibility
EN-EL3e,
optional MB-D80 battery pack
Main: NB-2LH
Backup: CR2016
Main: BP-511 / BP-512
Backup: CR2025
BLM-1
NP-FM66H
Rated Shooting Capacity at 20°C/68°F
100% AE: 2700
50% Flash: 600
100% AE: 500
50% Flash: 370
100% AE: 1100
50% Flash: 750
CIPA standard:
400
CIPA standard:
750
Dimensions & Weight
Dimensions (WxHxD, mm)
132 x 103 x 77
126.5 x 94.2 x 65
144 x 105.5 x 73.5
129 x 94.5 x 66
133.1 x 94.7 x 71.3
Weight (body only)
585 g / 20.6 oz.
510 g / 18 oz.
700 g / 24.5 oz.
437 g / 15.4 oz
  545 g / 19.2 oz.
Operational
Environment
Operating Temperature Range
0 ~ 40°C / 32 ~ 104°F
0 ~ 40°C / 32 ~ 104°F
0 ~ 40°C / 32 ~ 104°F
0 ~ 40°C / 32 ~ 104°F
0 ~ 40°C / 32 ~ 104°F
Operating Humidity Range
< 85%
< 85%
< 85%
30 - 90%
Not stated
Kit Lens
Focal length/aperture
AF-S 18-135mm
f/3.5-5.6G ED
EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6
-
14-45mm
f/3.5 - f5.6

18-70mm
f/3.5-5.6

Lens Compatibility
Lens Mount / Compatibility
  1. DX Nikkor: All functions supported;
  2. Type G- or D-AF Nikkor: All functions supported;
  3. Micro Nikkor 85mm F2.8D: All functions supported except some exposure modes;
  4. Other AF Nikkor (excluding lenses for F3AF): All functions supported except 3D Color Matrix Metering, i-TTL balanced Fill-Flash for digital SLR;
  5. AI-P Nikkor: All functions supported except 3D Color Matrix Metering, i-TTL balanced Fill-Flash for digital SLR and autofocus;
  6. Non-CPU: Can be used in exposure mode M, but exposure meter does not function; electronic range finder can be used if maximum aperture is f/5.6 or faster.
  7. IX Nikkor Lenses cannot be used.
EF / All EOS lenses, plus EF-S lenses
EF / All EOS lenses, plus EF-S lenses
Zuiko Digital, Four Thirds System lenses
All Sony
 Alpha lenses,
Konica-Minolta
MAXXUM and
DYNAX A-type bayonet mount  lenses