Pentax K-r Review

 
Camera Reviews / Pentax Cameras / Pentax SLR i Full Review

Pentax K-r Modes and Menus

Capture Modes

 Program mode (P): The Pentax K-r's Program mode can operate in several ways, depending on the camera's setup. By default, the K-r operates in Program Shift mode (some manufacturers refer to this as Flexible Program), which controls shutter speed and aperture automatically, but allows you to use the e-dial to bias the camera towards a faster shutter speed / wider aperture, or a slower shutter speed / narrower aperture.

The "e-dial in Program" setting under the Green Button submenu -- selected from page four of the Record menu -- allows this behavior to be changed, with the e-dial behavior being linked to the function assigned to the Green button. The e-dial can be disabled altogether, or set to switch the camera to either Shutter- or Aperture-priority Automatic (aka Hyper Shutter or Hyper Aperture) exposure -- but only if the Green button is programmed to reset the exposure to that calculated as optimal by the metering system. If the Green button is set to any other function, the e-dial is simply disabled in Program mode, and the camera takes complete control of both the shutter speed and aperture, while you control all other exposure variables.

In the Hyper modes, the e-dial can be set to directly take control of either the aperture or the shutter speed if adjusted after the Program exposure has been determined, effectively switching the camera to Aperture-priority or Shutter-priority for the current exposure only. The difference between this and Program Shift mode is that the Aperture or Shutter speed are explicitly fixed to your set value, rather than simply biasing the metering system while the camera still selects the actual values of both variables.

 Sensitivity Priority mode (Sv): While a couple of cameras can now achieve something similar with a little careful configuration, Pentax's Sv mode is still pretty uncommon as a standalone mode, meriting its own position on the Mode dial. As the name would suggest, you set the ISO sensitivity manually, by pressing the shutter button halfway, then turning the e-dial. The camera picks the appropriate combination of aperture and shutter speed automatically, so as to obtain the metered exposure.

 Shutter Priority mode (Tv): Marked with the letters "Tv," for Time value, this mode allows the user to control the shutter speed, from 30 seconds to 1/6,000 second. The shutter speed can be adjusted in 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps. ISO sensitivity can be controlled automatically or manually, and the upper limit for sensitivity adjusted when under automatic control.

 Aperture Priority mode (Av): Marked with an "Av," this mode gives the user control of aperture within the range offered by the currently attached lens, while the camera selects the corresponding shutter speed. ISO sensitivity can be controlled automatically or manually, and the upper limit for sensitivity adjusted when under automatic control.

 Manual mode (M): This setting provides complete control over the exposure, with independent settings for aperture and shutter speed. The e-dial ordinarily controls shutter speed, and switches to aperture control if the exposure compensation button is held in (or pressed once before adjustment, and then a second time to confirm the aperture value change). Shutter speeds range from 1/6,000 to 30 seconds. Auto ISO sensitivity isn't available - if the camera is left on ISO Auto in M mode, the last set ISO value is instead used. The Green button ordinarily prompts the camera to meter the scene, and set both the aperture and shutter speed to obtain the metered exposure, much as would happen in Program mode. This metered exposure is then fixed until either the Green button is pressed again, or the photographer manually adjusts the aperture or shutter speed. Alternatively, the Green button can be set to adjust either the aperture or shutter speed alone to obtain a metered exposure, while the other variable is left to the manually set value. Finally, the Green button can be disabled altogether, requiring the photographer to set both exposure variables manually.

 Flash Off mode: Disables the flash strobe, and otherwise is identical in function to the Standard Auto picture mode described below.

 Night Scene Portrait mode: The symbol of a person with a crescent moon marks this mode on the Mode dial. Here, the camera employs a slower shutter speed and a synchronized flash to capture bright portraits in dark settings.

 Moving Object (Sports) mode: An icon of a person running marks this mode on the Mode dial. The camera uses faster shutter speeds to "freeze" action on fast-paced subjects, and the drive mode is fixed to High-speed Continuous shooting.

 Macro mode: The traditional flower macro symbol indicates this mode on the Mode dial. Though actual macro focusing distances will depend on the lens in use, this mode optimizes the camera for capturing bright color in small subjects at close range.

 Landscape mode: The familiar mountain icon marks Landscape mode, which uses a smaller aperture to increase depth of field for sharp pictures of sweeping vistas. Saturation is boosted for bright skies and foliage.

 Portrait mode: An icon of a person's head and shoulders symbolizes this mode, which uses a larger aperture to decrease the depth of field, thereby producing sharply focused portraits in front of slightly blurred backgrounds. This mode also optimizes the camera for attractive skin tones.

 Auto Picture mode (AUTO PICT): This mode puts the camera in full control over the exposure, automatically selecting between the five previous scene modes - Portrait, Landscape, Macro, Moving Object and Night Scene -- as well as a Standard scene mode which isn't directly accessible from the Mode dial. In addition, when shooting in Live View mode, the Auto Picture mode can also select two further Scene modes - Blue Sky, and Sunset. The selected Scene mode is shown in the viewfinder info display, or at the top left corner of the LCD when shooting in Live View mode.

 Scene mode (SCN): Allows direct selection of eleven scene modes, of which two can be accessed through other positions on the Mode dial as previously described. The available scene modes are Night Scene, Surf & Snow, Food, Sunset, Stage Lighting, Night Snap, Night Scene HDR, Kids, Pet, Candlelight, and Museum. Night Scene also has its own Mode dial position, while Sunset can be automatically selected by the camera when using Auto Picture mode with Live View active. The Night Scene HDR option is newly added since the previous K-x model, and automatically captures three sequential shots with varied exposure, which are then combined in-camera to create a single shot with increased dynamic range.

 Movie mode: This mode allows the user to record videos with sound. Resolution options consist of either 1,280 x 720 (16:9 aspect, 25 fps) or 640x480 (4:3 aspect, 25 fps) pixels, each with monaural sound. There are three quality (compression ratio) options available, and you can choose to have the aperture fixed, or under automatic control. You can also enable or disable shake reduction and / or sound recording if desired, and use a subset of the digital filter and cross processing functionality that's available for still images. The nonstandard 3:2 aspect, 640 x 416 pixel movie mode from the K-x has been dropped from the K-r. See the Video tab for more details as well as sample videos.

 

Playback Mode

Playback mode is entered by pressing the Playback button on the camera's rear panel. In this mode, you can scroll through captured images, delete them, write-protect them, and set them up for printing on devices capable of recognizing DPOF print orders specified on the flash card. Like the K-x before it, the Pentax K-r is not PictBridge compatible, so the printer and camera can't be directly attached, however. You can also process Raw files, apply digital filters for creative effects, and watch or perform basic processing on movie clips.

When in Playback mode, the e-dial is used to zoom into and out of images, and to switch from viewing a single image to either thumbnails or a calendar view. When viewing a single image, the left and right arrow keys scroll forward and backward one image or movie at a time. Pressing the down arrow key calls up the Playback Mode Palette, from which you can perform basic image processing functions such as rotation, cropping, resizing, and digital filters, process Raw images, start an image slideshow, compare images side by side, trim movies, protect images and movies, set up print orders, create index images, and save a manual white balance preset from an image.

When playback zoom is active, the arrow keys pan around the zoomed image. In thumbnail and folder views, the arrow keys are used to move around the columns and rows to make a selection. In Calendar view, the up and down arrow keys select from available dates, while the left and right arrow keys step between images from any specific date.

 

Pentax K-r Menu Details

Below are Pentax K-r menu options and their descriptions. Pressing the Menu button provides access to the camera's full menu system. The arrow pad is used to navigate between menu tabs and options, and to make selections. In the main menu system, the e-dial can be used to switch between menu tabs one at a time. In the Control Panel menu, the e-dial can be used to quickly make adjustments to the currently selected item. It has no effect in the Playback Mode Palette menu, though. Although the Pentax K-r doesn't immediately return to the last selected item when the Menu button is first pressed, it can at least be configured to start off at the top of the most recently used tab, potentially saving a few button presses for frequently used options. (The K-x, by contrast, always started on the first tab of the menu system.)

Record Menu 1:

Record Menu Options: Screen 1
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Custom Image
- Bright
- Natural
- Portrait
- Landscape
- Vibrant
- Muted
- Bleach Bypass
- Reversal Film
- Monochrome
- Filter effect
- Saturation
- Toning
- Hue
- High / low key adjustment
- Contrast
- Sharpness
- Fine sharpness
File Format
- JPEG
- RAW
- RAW+
Specifies the file type of images. Raw files are always recorded at maximum resolution, ignoring the Recorded Pixels setting. When using RAW+ mode, the K-r captures each image in both Raw and JPEG formats, and you have full control over JPEG resolution / quality.
JPEG Recorded Pixels
- 12M (4,288 x 2,848)
- 10M (3,936 x 2,624)
- 6M (3,072 x 2,048)
- 2M (1,728 x 1,152)
 
Sets the pixel dimensions of captured JPEG still images. This setting doesn't apply to Raw files. All resolutions are unchanged from the K-x.
JPEG Quality
- *** (Best)
- ** (Better)
- * (Good)
 
Specifies the compression level of JPEG images. Doesn't apply to Raw files. Defaults to *** Best quality.
AF Mode
- AF.A
- AF.S
- AF.C
 
Selects the Autofocus mode - either Single, Continuous, or an Auto mode which chooses between the other modes based on subject movement. Applies to both Phase Detection and Contrast Detection autofocus types.
AE Metering
- Multi-pattern
- Center-weighted
- Spot
 
Selects the metering mode - either 16-segment multiple, center-weighted, or spot. Multi-segment metering can optionally be linked to the AF system through the Custom menu.
Select AF Point
- Auto 5
- Auto 11
- Select
- Spot
 
Allows the user to select which autofocus point(s) should be considered when determining the point of focus. The default option is to automatically choose one of five points in a plus-shaped pattern at the center of the frame. Other options include automatic selection across all eleven points, Select (manual selection of any single AF point), or Spot (AF point fixed at the center of the frame).

 

Record Menu 2:

Record Menu Options: Screen 2
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Cross Processing
- Cross Processing
- Off
- Random
- Preset 1
- Preset 2
- Preset 3
- My1 (Favorite 1)
- My2 (Favorite 2)
- My3 (Favorite 3)
Enables or disables an effect intended to be reminiscent of cross-processing, a technique from film photography. As well as three presets, the effect can also be randomized. In addition, you can save the settings used for a previous image as a Favorite for later reuse. This defaults to taking the settings from the most recently captured image, however you can also copy the settings from any other cross processed image on the flash card, including those which have been cropped, resized, or had filters applied. Not available unless shooting in JPEG-only mode. Precludes use of multi-exposure, extended bracketing, HDR capture, white balance, or custom image functions.
- Save Settings
- Save as favorite 1
- Save as favorite 2
- Save as favorite 3
Digital Filter
- Off
Selects which digital filter to apply in capture mode (additional filters can be applied and combined in playback mode). Not available unless shooting still images in JPEG-only mode. Precludes use of interval shooting, multi-exposure, continuous shooting, extended bracketing, or HDR capture. Some of these filters are also available separately in Movie mode through the Movie menu, along with one additional optional not available for still images -- the Color filter.
- Toy Camera
- Shading level (1-3)
- Blur (1-3)
- Tone break (Red, green, blue, yellow)
- Retro
- Toning (Blue-amber, 7 steps)
- Frame composite (None, thin, medium, thick)
- High Contrast
- Contrast (1 to 5)
- Extract Color
- Extracted color 1 (Red, magenta, blue, cyan, green, yellow)
- Extractable range of color 1 (-2 to +2)
- Extracted color 2 (Red, magenta, blue, cyan, green, yellow)
- Extractable range of color 2 (-2 to +2)
- Soft
- Soft focus (1 to 3)
- Shadow blur (Off or on)
- Starburst
- Shape (Cross, star, snowflake, heart, musical note)
- Effect density (Small, medium, large)
- Size (Small, medium, large)
- Angle (0°, 30°, 45°, 60°)
- Fish-eye
- Strength (Weak, medium, strong)
- Custom Filter
- High contrast (Off, +1 to +5)
- Soft focus (Off, +1 to +3)
- Tone break (Off, red, green, blue, yellow)
- Shading Type (6 types)
- Shading Level (-3 to +3)
- Distortion Type (3 types)
- Distortion Level (Off, weak, medium, strong)
- Invert Color (Off, on)
HDR Capture
- HDR Capture
- HDR Off
- HDR Auto
- HDR (Standard)
- HDR 1 (Strong 1)
- HDR 2 (Strong 2)
- HDR 3 (Strong 3)
Captures 3 frames (metered exposure, -3EV, +3EV) and combines them in-camera into 1 HDR image. Doesn't save the three source images separately. Auto Align function allows handheld shooting. If Auto Align is disabled, shake reduction cannot be activated and a tripod must be used. Not available unless shooting in JPEG-only mode. Precludes use of Bulb shutter speed, drive modes except single-frame, self-timer, remote control, or remote control (3s delay). Also prevents use of interval shooting, multiple exposure, pre-capture digital filters, or cross processing. Requires significant processing time post-capture to create final image.
- Auto Align
- Off
- On
Multi-exposure
- Number of Shots
- 2 to 9
Allows anywhere from two to nine frames to be combined in-camera into a single exposure.
- Auto EV Adjustment
- Off
- On
Selects whether multi-exposures are additive (Off), or averaged (On).
Interval Shooting
- Interval
- 1s to 24 hrs
Allows automatic capture of images on a predetermined schedule (interval, number of frames, and start time).

- Number of Shots
- 1 to 999 shots
- Start
- Now
- Set Time
- Start Time
- 00:00 to 23:59
High ISO NR
- Auto
- Off
- Low
- Medium
- High
As well as allowing automatic control over high ISO noise reduction, the K-r lets you disable it altogether, or fix it at one of three levels across the board. In addition, there's an uncommonly fine-grained control over High ISO NR via the custom option, which allows a separate Off / Low / Medium / High setting for every stop of sensitivity increase. If the sensitivity steps are set to 1/2 or 1/3 EV, these extra steps share settings with the full-stop sensitivities. The extra sensitivities are only shown in this menu when they're active, but the settings for the expanded ISO sensitivities are always shown, even when they're not enabled through the custom menu.
- Custom
- ISO 100 / 125 / 140 / 160
- ISO 200 / 250 / 280 / 320
- ISO 400 / 500 / 560 / 640
- ISO 800 / 1,000 / 1,100 / 1,250
- ISO 1,600 / 2,000 / 2,200 / 2,500
- ISO 3,200 / 4,000 / 4,500 / 5,000
- ISO 6,400 / 8,000 / 9,000 / 10,000
- ISO 12,800 / 16,000 / 18,000 / 20,000
- ISO 25,600
Slow Shutter Speed NR
- Auto
- On
- Off
Sets whether Noise Reduction is applied when shooting at low shutter speeds. When enabled, the exposure time for shots longer than one second is roughly doubled, so the camera can capture a second 'dark current' exposure with the shutter closed. Regardless of this setting, slow shutter speed NR is not applied on shots of less than one second duration.

 

Record Menu 3:

Record Menu Options: Screen 3
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Movie
- Recorded Pixels
- HD (1,280 x 720)
- VGA (640 x 480)
Sets movie recording parameters. The standard VGA resolution is new for K-r, replacing the K-x's nonstandard 640 x 416 pixel mode. Also new are as are Cross Processing and Digital Filter effects for movie capture, which are somewhat confusingly greyed out unless the Mode dial is set to the Movie position. All other settings can be changed regardless of Mode dial position. Cross Processing and Filter options function identically to their still image mode counterparts, with a couple of exceptions. The user presets for Cross Processing can be accessed in Movie mode, but they must first be setup in still image mode. Soft, Starburst, Fish-eye, and Custom filters are not available in Movie mode. The Color filter is an additional option not available in still image mode, and allows either a red, magenta, blue, cyan, green, yellow filter effect at either light, standard, or dark intensity levels.
- Quality Level
- ***
- **
- *
- Sound
- On
- Off
- Cross Processing
- Off
- Random
- Preset 1
- Preset 2
- Preset 3
- My1 (Favorite 1)
- My2 (Favorite 2)
- My3 (Favorite 3)
- Digital Filter
- Toy Camera
- Retro
- High Contrast
- Extract Color
- Color
- Movie Aperture Control
- Auto
- Fixed
- Shake Reduction
- On
- Off
Live View
- Autofocus Method
- Face Detect
- Contrast Detect
- Phase Detect
Sets parameters for the Live View mode. Three AF modes can be selected - Phase Difference AF (interrupts Live View during AF operation, uses dedicated AF sensor), Contrast AF (doesn't interrupt live view, allows focus point anywhere in frame, but is much slower to achieve focus lock), and Face Detection (similar to Contrast AF, but automatically detects dominant face in scene and sets AF on that face). Overlays containing basic exposure info, three framing grids, live histogram, and blinking highlight / shadow clipping warning can be enabled or disabled.
- Show Grid
- Off
- 3 x 3 grid
- 2 x 2 grid + diagonals
- Horizontal / vertical scale
- Info Overlay
- On
- Off
- Histogram
- On
- Off
- Bright/Dark Area
- On
- Off
Instant Review
- Display Time
- 1 sec.
- 3 sec.
- 5 sec.
- Off
Controls length of time the most recently captured image appears post capture, whether a histogram is shown, whether areas of over / underexposure are flashed, and whether the instant review can be enlarged using the e-dial.
- Histogram
- On
- Off
- Bright / Dark Area
- On
- Off
- Enlarge Instant Review
- On
- Off
Dynamic Range Setting
- Highlight Correction
- Off
- On
Corrects for clipping in highlight areas of images. When set on, the minimum ISO sensitivity is 400, unless Expanded Sensitivity is enabled, in which case the minimum is ISO 200. Highlight correction cannot be disabled in the Stage Lighting and Night Snap scene modes. Applies to both Raw and JPEG files.
- Shadow Correction
- Off
- Low
- Medium
- High
Corrects for blocking up of shadow areas in images, with three steps of adjustment available, plus the ability to disable the effect altogether. Applies to both Raw and JPEG files, but can be also be enabled / disabled / adjusted post-exposure when shooting Raw.
Lens Correction
- Distortion Correction
- Off
- On
Corrects geometric distortion caused by lens, when using either DA (except 10-17mm Fish-Eye), DA L, D FA, or some FA lenses without any accessories between the lens and camera body. Applied in-camera to JPEGs, and tagged to RAW files.
- Lateral Chromatic Aberration Adjustment
- Off
- On
Corrects lateral chromatic aberration caused by lens, when using either DA, DA L, D FA, or some FA lenses without any accessories between the lens and camera body. Applied in-camera to JPEGs, and tagged to RAW files.

 

Record Menu 4:

Record Menu Options: Screen 4
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Color Space
- sRGB
- Adobe RGB
Selects which color space should be used for JPEG images. The sRGB color spaces has a narrower gamut, but can be displayed without conversion on most PC displays. The Adobe RGB color space has a wider gamut and is better suited to color space-aware printing, etc.
RAW File Format
- PEF
- DNG
Selects whether Raw data should be saved in Pentax's proprietary .PEF format, or Adobe's open Digital Negative (.DNG) format. Note that some programs don't treat DNG files created in-camera the same as those created using Adobe's DNG Converter, and so for some software it may be preferable to shoot in PEF mode and then convert formats on your computer after capture.
Green Button
- Green Button
- Action in M mode
- E-dial in Program
Defines the function of the Green button. By default, this button is used to reset specific variables to their default value - for example, pressing in the Exposure compensation and Green buttons together or sequentially resets the compensation value to zero, etc. Alternative functions are to call up the Custom Image settings screen, preview depth-of-field in the optical viewfinder, shoot a preview image with the current settings for display on the LCD, call up the Digital Filter or Cross Processing menus, or switch file formats temporarily or permanently.
- Green Button
- Custom Image
- Optical Preview
- Digital Preview
- Histogram
- Bright / dark area
- Enlarge instant review
- Digital Filter
- Cross Processing
- One Push File Format
- Cancel after 1 shot
- JPEG ->
- RAW ->
- RAW+ ->
AF / AE-L Button
- Enable AF1
- Enable AF2
- Cancel AF
- AE Lock
Defines the function of the AF / AE-L button. By default, pressing either the AF / AE-L button or half-pressing the Shutter release will trigger autofocus operation. Options are to have the AF / AE-L button control focus exclusively (with the shutter button half-press not causing an AF operation), to have it prevent AF operation while held in, or to have it lock and unlock the metered exposure with subsequent presses.
Memory
- Flash mode
- Drive mode
- White Balance
- Custom Image
- Sensitivity
- EV Compensation
- Flash Exposure Comp.
- Cross Processing
- Digital Filter
- HDR Capture
- Shooting Info Display
- Playback Info Display
- File No.
- On
- Off
Allows you to select what settings are saved when you turn the camera off. All except cross processing, digital filter, HDR capture, and Shooting Info Display are selected by default.
Shake Reduction
- On
- Off
Enables or disables the sensor-shift type Shake Reduction function, which corrects for blur caused by camera shake, but should be disabled when the camera is on a tripod.
Input Focal Length
- 8mm
- 10mm
- 12mm
- 15mm
- 18mm
- 20mm
- 24mm
- 28mm
- 30mm
- 35mm
- 40mm
- 45mm
- 50mm
- 55mm
- 65mm
- 70mm
- 75mm
- 85mm
- 100mm
- 120mm
- 135mm
- 150mm
- 180mm
- 200mm
- 250mm
- 300mm
- 350mm
- 400mm
- 450mm
- 500mm
- 550mm
- 600mm
- 700mm
- 800mm
 
Only available if Shake Reduction switch is on and lens in use does not support automatic lens information communication. Allows the user to specify an approximate focal length, which is used to determine the level of correction needed by the shake reduction system. For zoom lenses, the value should be changed whenever the zoom position is changed. DA, DA L, D FA, FA J, FA, and F lenses already provide this information automatically.

 

Playback Menu:

Playback Menu Options
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Slideshow
- Interval
- 3 sec
- 5 sec
- 10 sec
- 30 sec
Sets slideshow interval, transition effects, and whether or not the slideshow should start over after the last image is shown.
- Screen Effect
- Off
- Fade
- Wipe
- Stripe
- Repeat Playback
- Off
- On
Quick Zoom
- Off
- 2x
- 4x
- 8x
- 16x
Sets initial magnification when enlarging images
Bright / Dark Area
- Off
- On
Over/underexposed areas flash on playback
Auto Image Rotation
- Off
- On
 
If enabled, images that were recorded with rotation info, or which were rotated manually in playback mode, will be shown in their correct orientation in playback.
IrSimple
- Send and Receive

Select picture dialog

- Send
- Receive

IrSimple communication is newly added for the K-r, and accessed from this new menu option. It's possible to wirelessly transfer full or reduced resolution images between two K-r bodies, or between the K-r and other IrSimple devices such as cell phones. Only JPEG files can be transferred, and the infrared ports of both devices must be facing each other. The IrSS mode uses a simpler version of the protocol with only one-way communication. If you have two K-r cameras, you can also play a "Dueling Images" game which compares several shooting settings for Raw or JPEG cameras, then decides on a "winner" based on these settings. A running total of wins, losses, and draws is kept in each camera body.
- Automatic Resizing
- 2M
- 0.3M
- Off
- Transmission Method
- IrSimple
- IrSS
Delete All Images
- Delete All Images
- Cancel
Allows all images to be deleted simultaneously, including protected images. Deletion proceeds after acknowledgement of a confirmation screen noting the number of images to be deleted, and whether or not there are any protected images amongst these.

 

Setup Menu 1:

Setup Menu Options: Screen 1
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Language
- English
- French
- German
- Spanish
- Portuguese
- Italian
- Dutch
- Danish
- Swedish
- Finnish
- Polish
- Czech
- Hungarian
- Turkish
- Greek
- Russian
- Korean
- Chinese (Traditional)
- Chinese (Simplified)
- Japanese
Date Adjustment
- Date Format
- mm/dd/yy
- dd/mm/yy
- yy/mm/dd
- 12h
- 24h
- Date
- Set date
- Time
- Set time
World Time
- Setting the Time

- Home
- Away

When selecting the cities for destination and hometown, rolling the e-dial will switch between regions, while the left and right arrow keys step between cities one at a time.

- Destination
- Hometown

North America
- Honolulu
- Anchorage
- Vancouver
- San Francisco
- Los Angeles
- Calgary
- Denver
- Chicago
- Miami
- Toronto
- New York
- Halifax

South America
- Mexico City
- Lima
- Santiago
- Caracas
- Buenos Aires
- Sao Paulo
- Rio de Janeiro

Europe
- Lisbon
- Madrid
- London
- Paris
- Amsterdam
- Milan
- Rome
- Copenhagen
- Berlin
- Prague
- Stockholm
- Budapest
- Warsaw
- Athens
- Helsinki
- Moscow

Middle East / Africa
- Dakar
- Algiers
- Johannesburg
- Istanbul
- Cairo
- Jerusalem
- Nairobi
- Jeddah
- Tehran
- Dubai
- Karachi
- Kabul
- Male
- Delhi
- Colombo
- Kathmandu
- Dacca

Asia
- Yangon
- Bangkok
- Kuala Lumpur
- Vientiane
- Singapore
- Phnom Penh
- Ho chi Minh
- Jakarta
- Hong Kong
- Beijing
- Shanghai
- Manila
- Taipei
- Seoul
- Tokyo
- Guam

Oceania
- Perth
- Adelaide
- Sydney
- Noumea
- Wellington
- Auckland
- Pago Pago

DST
- On
- Off

Text Size
- Std.
- Large
Selects menu system text size. Only affects the currently selected item in the menu, which increases in height, but not width. The remainder of the menu doesn't change size until selected.
Beep
-Volume
- Disabled
- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4
- 5
Sets whether the camera beeps or not by category, and adjusts the overall volume.
- In-focus
- AE-L
- Self-timer
- Remote Control
- One Push File Format
- Press OK for 1 sec.
- On
- Off
Guide Display
- 3 sec
- 10 sec
- 30 sec
- Off
Activates display guides on LCD when the exposure mode is changed or camera is switched on for set amount of time
Status Screen
- Display Color

- 1 (blue / grey)
- 2 (light / dark grey)
- 3 (light / dark blue)
- 4 (light / dark red)
- 5 (white / light grey)
- 6 (light / mid orange)

Selects the color scheme to be used for the K-r's status display screen.

 

Setup Menu 2:

Setup Menu Options: Screen 2
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Brightness Level
- 15 arbitrary units from -7 to +7
Adjusts overall brightness of LCD display
LCD Color Tuning
- 2D grid with Blue/Amber axis, Green/Magenta axis
Adjust the LCD color in 15 levels for each direction. Turning the e-dial selects either a photo for the background of the adjustment screen, or a standard screen showing luminance scale from black to white.
Video Out
- NTSC
- PAL
 
Selects composite video signal
USB Connection
- MSC
- PTP
 
Selects USB mode (Mass Storage Class or Picture Transfer Protocol)
Folder Name
- Date
- PENTX
"Date" names files xxx_MMDD

"PENTX" sets file naming in form of xxxPENTX, sequentially from 100 to 999
Create New Folder
- Create folder
- Cancel

Creates a new folder for data storage, following the current folder naming convention

Copyright Information
- Embed Copyright Data
- Off
- On
Embeds name and copyright strings into EXIF headers of captured images. The name and copyright string can each include 32 characters, entered using an on-screen keyboard with a selection of upper and lower case letters, numbers, as well as a space, and 26 different punctuation marks.
- Photographer
- Enter alphanumeric string
- Copyright Holder

 

Setup Menu 3:

Setup Menu Options: Screen 3
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Auto Power Off
- 1 min
- 3 min
- 5 min
- 10 min
- 30 min
- Off
 
Sets time before camera shuts off after inactivity.
AA Battery Type
- Auto-detect
- Lithium
- Nickel-Metal Hydride
- Alkaline
 
Allows the camera to determine the battery type automatically, or the user to specify this manually. This is used to provide a more accurate indication of remaining battery life.
Reset
- Reset
- Cancel
"Reset" returns all settings except those in the Custom Settings menu to their defaults.

 

Setup Menu 4:

Setup Menu Options: Screen 4
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
Pixel Mapping
- Pixel Mapping
- Cancel
For remapping bad pixels, allowing the camera to automatically correct them as photos are captured.
Dust Alert
- Press the shutter release button
For taking a high contrast image to detect dust on the sensor. Camera should be aimed at a uniformly bright subject. Focus mode must be set to Single or Continuous Autofocus, and Mode dial to any mode other than Movie.
Dust Removal
- Dust Removal
First option activates Dust removal, which shakes the sensor to free dust particles when you press OK from this menu. Start-up action determines whether the camera should perform dust removal on every startup.
- Start-up Action
- On
- Off
Sensor Cleaning
- Mirror Up
- Cancel
 
"Mirror Up" locks the mirror up for sensor cleaning. This should only be performed with fully charged batteries. The camera will attempt to sound a beep if it detects the battery charge is running low, which is a final warning to remove tools from the camera before the shutter closes and is damaged.
Format
- Format
- Cancel

"Format" erases all images, even protected ones

 

Custom Menu 1:

Custom Menu Options: Screen 1
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
1. EV Steps
- 1: 1/3 EV Steps
- 2: 1/2 EV Steps

 

 Determines whether the exposure compensation function should use a step size of 1/3 or 1/2 EV.
2. Sensitivity Steps
- 1: 1 EV Step
- 2: As EV Steps

 

"As EV Steps" adjusts ISO based on what variable is set in the previous Custom menu item (EV Steps). Alternatively, ISO sensitivity can be set to use a 1 EV step size.
3. Expanded Sensitivity
- 1: Off
- 2: On
 
By default, the ISO sensitivity range is 200 to 12,800 equivalents. When set to On, this option expands the range at both ends: 100 to 25,600 equivalents.
4. Meter Operating Time
- 1: 10 sec
- 2: 3 sec
- 3: 30 sec
 
Determines how long the metering system should wait before powering down during inactivity. Longer values reduce battery life.
5. AE-L with AF locked
- 1: Off
- 2: On
 
If set to "On" exposure is also locked when a focus lock is achieved.
6. Link AE to AF Point
- 1: Off
- 2: On
 
"On" links the AE and AF points during multi-segment metering only, so that both values are set from the same point.
7. Auto Bracketing order
- 1: 0 - +
- 2: - 0 +
- 3: + 0 -
- 4: 0 + -
Sets shooting order for bracketed exposures, with zero being the metered shot, '-' being underexposed, and '+' being overexposed.

 

Custom Menu 2:

Custom Menu Options: Screen 2
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
8. Superimpose AF Area
- 1: On
- 2: Off
 

If switched on, highlights the AF point in red in the viewfinder. This feature is a new (and valuable) addition since the K-x.

9. AF.S Setting
- 1: Focus-priority
- 2: Release-priority
When set to focus priority and using autofocus, a focus lock must be achieved before the shutter can be fired. When set to release priority, the shutter will be released immediately that the button is fully depressed, regardless of whether the camera has determined a focus lock.
10. AF.C Setting
- 1: Focus-priority
- 2: FPS-priority
When set to focus priority and using autofocus, the K-r gives priority to achieving a focus lock, rather than maximizing frame rate. When set to FPS priority, the shutter will be released immediately that the mechanism has recycled and the buffer capacity is available, regardless of whether the camera has determined a focus lock.
11. AF Assist Light
- 1: On
- 2: Off
"On" enables the built-in AF assist lamp, although it will still only operate as the camera deems necessary.
12. WB when using Flash
- 1: Auto White Balance
- 2: Unchanged
- 3: Flash
 
When flash is used, white balance can be auto, stay as set, or switch to Flash white balance.
13. AWB in Tungsten Light
- 1: Subtle Correction
- 2: Strong Correction
Adjusts strength of automatic WB correction in tungsten light.
14. AF with Remote Control
- 1: Off
- 2: On
 
If on, performs an autofocus operation when the remote control is used to trigger the shutter release. If off, photo is taken immediately without focus adjustment, regardless of position of AF/MF slider. If using the Remote Control WP, you can use the zoom button to perform an AF operation without capturing an image, regardless of this setting.


 

Custom Menu 3:

Custom Menu Options: Screen 3
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
15. Remote Control in Bulb
- 1: Mode1
- 2: Mode2
Mode 1 is push to start, push again to stop; Mode 2 is push and hold
16. Shutter Release While Charging
- 1: Off
- 2: On
"On" allows shutter release while flash is charging. The flash may fire at reduced strength, or not at all.
17. Flash in Wireless Mode
- 1: On
- 2: Off
 
When set to "On", the built-in flash fires as master in wireless mode, and participates in the exposure. When set to "Off", the built-in flash operates as a controller. It still fires to provide timing for the slave flash during the exposure, but at greatly reduced strength, minimizing its effect on the flash balance.
18. Saving Rotation Info
- 1: On
- 2: Off
If set to on, the K-r embeds rotation tags in the EXIF headers of image files, which can be used by the camera and some software to automatically orient images correctly.
19. Save Menu Location
- 1: Reset Menu Location
- 2: Save Menu Location
When set to 1, the first press of the Menu button always brings up the first tab of the Record menu. When set to 2, the K-r remembers which menu tab was last accessed, and starts from the top of this tab when the Menu button is first pressed.
20. Catch-in Focus
- 1: Off
- 2: On
If using a manual focus lens in single autofocus mode, the K-r can trip the shutter release automatically when it determines that the subject is in focus.
21. AF Fine Adjustment
- 1: Off
Autofocus can be fine-tuned +/- 10 steps for the K-r body. The K-r can't apply an adjustment specific to the attached lens, so this setting will apply regardless of which lens you're using.
- 2: On (adjust)
- Apply All
- Apply One


 

Custom Menu 4:

Custom Menu Options: Screen 4
Top-Level
Selection
Second-Level
Third-Level
Notes
22. Using Aperture Ring
- 1: Prohibited
- 2: Permitted
 
Setting one prevents image capture when the aperture ring isn't set to A.
Reset Custom Functions
- Reset
- Cancel
Resets all Custom Functions to default.


 

Pentax K-R

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