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Digital Cameras - Konica Minolta DiMAGE Z10 Test Images

 

I've begun including links in our reviews to a Thumber-generated index page for the test shots. The Thumber data includes a host of information on the images, including shutter speed, ISOsetting, compression setting, etc. Rather than clutter the page below with *all*that detail, we're posting the Thumber index so only those interested inthe information need wade through it!

 

"Sunlight" Portrait:
(This is my new "Outdoor" Portrait test - read more about it here.)

High resolution and a lot of fine detail. Pretty good white balance, but skin tones are very pink, and exposure was very inconsistent.

The extreme tonal range of this image makes it a tough shot for many digicams, which is precisely why I set it up this way, and why I shoot it with no fill flash or reflector to open the shadows. The object is to hold both highlight and shadow detail without producing a "flat" picture with muddy colors, and the DiMAGE Z10 handled the challenge pretty well, but its color was rather oversaturated, and it had some exposure difficulty.

The shot at right was taken with a +0.3 EV exposure compensation adjustment, which results in slightly dark midtones and very dark shadows, though the highlights hold on to a lot of detail. Despite a very slight greenish cast, I chose the Auto white balance setting for the main series. The Daylight setting was quite warm, and the Manual setting had a cool, magenta cast.

The Z10 seemed to have a lot of trouble with the exposure on this shot, not so much an issue of accuracy as it was repeatability. I always bracket this shot widely to insure I get the best exposure possible. In the case of the Z10, the exposure varied almost randomly as I advanced from 0 to +1.3 EV of exposure compensation. (In order, from 0 to +1.3 EV, the shutter speeds were 1/400, 1/160, 1/200, 1/200, and 1/125.) Hard to figure, given that the camera was mounted on a tripod, aimed exactly the same for all the shots, the lighting is entirely continuous, from filtered incandescent bulbs, and all the shots were captured within 30 seconds of each other. For whatever reason though, this was the only test shot that I saw this sort of variation on.

Color-wise, the Z10 seems to oversaturate red and orange hues. As a result, Marti's skin appears very red here, almost as if she has a sunburn. However, the blue flowers in the bouquet are nearly right. (Many digicams have trouble with this blue, often producing strong purplish tints in them, but accuracy is pretty good here.) Color looks pretty good throughout the rest of the frame as well, though the red flowers are very oversaturated. Resolution is very high, and detail is strong in the flower bouquet and in Marti's features. Shadow detail is moderately high, with low noise.

To view the entire exposure series from zero to +1.3 EV, see files Z10OUTBAP0.HTM through Z10OUTBAP4.HTM on the thumbnail index page.




 

Closer Portrait:

Great resolution and detail, slightly high contrast, oversaturated skin tones.

Exposure and overall color are similar to the wider shot above, and the Z10's 8x optical zoom lens does a good job of preventing any geometric distortion of Marti's features. The shot at right was taken with a +0.7 EV exposure compensation adjustment, which results in hot highlights on Marti's face but midtones that are about right. Resolution and detail are stronger in this close-up shot, with excellent definition in Marti's face and hair. Here again, the biggest problem is the too-pink skin tone.

To view the entire exposure series from -0.3 to +1.0 EV, see files Z10FACBAM1.HTM through Z10FACBAP3.HTM on the thumbnail index page.



 

Indoor Portrait, Flash:
Normal Flash
+0.7 EV
Slow-Sync Flash
+0.7 EV

Slight underexposure at the default setting. Reddish color balance and a pronounced orange cast in the background.

The Z10's built-in flash had low intensity at the default exposure, requiring a +0.7 EV exposure compensation adjustment for a bright shot. Though really, I would have preferred something in between the +0.7 and +0.3 EV exposures, as the +0.7 EV shot was a bit too bright. Overall color is reddish, with an orange cast from the fairly strong incandescent room lighting that tints the back wall and spills onto Marti's features. Despite the red and orange casts, the blue flowers in the bouquet don't look too bad, and have only slight purple tints. I also shot with the camera's Slow-Sync flash mode, which also required a +0.7 EV exposure compensation boost, though results are slightly bright here as well. The orange cast is stronger here, since the longer exposure time allows more ambient light into the image.

To view the entire exposure series from zero to +1.3 EV in the normal flash mode, see files Z10INFP0.HTM through Z10INFP4.HTM on the thumbnail index page.

To view the exposure series from zero to +1.0 EV in the Slow-Sync flash mode, see files Z10INFSP0.HTM through Z10INFSP3.HTM on the thumbnail index page.



 

Indoor Portrait, No Flash:
Auto White Balance
Incandescent White Balance
Manual White Balance

Good color with all three white balance settings. Higher than average exposure compensation required.

This shot is always a very tough test of a camera's white balance capability, given the strong, yellowish color cast of the household incandescent bulbs used for the lighting, but the Z10 did unusually well with it. The Z10's Incandescent white balance setting produced the best overall results here, with just enough of a warm cast to evoke the warmth of the original lighting, without introducing any strong color shifts. The Auto setting had a strong red tint, and the Manual setting was much too cool. Skin tones are still a bit too pink, and the blue flowers are slightly dark with stronger purple tints in them. Still, overall color is very good for this difficult light source. The main shot was taken with a +1.3 EV exposure compensation adjustment, a little higher than the average required for this subject. The white shirt has a few hot highlights, but the exposure looks about right elsewhere.

ISO Series:
Noise is generally low in the Z10's images, with very low noise at ISO 64 and acceptable levels at the 100 and 200 settings. Noise becomes more evident at ISO 400, with a stronger grain pattern, but even there is lower than I'm accustomed to seeing in the digicams I test.

ISO Series
ISO 64
ISO 100
ISO 200
ISO 400



 

House Shot:
Auto White Balance
Daylight White Balance
Manual White Balance

High resolution and a lot of visible detail, though color casts with each white balance setting.

Although it had a slight greenish color cast, I chose the Z10's Manual white balance setting here, as the Auto setting had a strong red cast and the Daylight setting a stronger yellow cast. Resolution is high for a three-megapixel camera, and detail is strong in the tree limbs and leaves above the roof, as well as in the house front and shrubbery. Corner to corner sharpness is better than average, with only slight softness in the upper corners of the frame, and even that not extending very far into the image. A slight underexposure results in good preservation of highlight detail, but loss of detail in the shadows. Overall though, a better than average performance. (Apart from the rather strong color cast in Auto white balance mode.)



 

Far-Field Test

High resolution and detail, though slightly limited dynamic range and a slight underexposure.

This image is shot at infinity to test far-field lens performance. NOTE that this image cannot be directly compared to the other "house" shot, which is a poster, shot in the studio. The rendering of detail in the poster will be very different than in this shot, and color values (and even the presence or absence of leaves on the trees!) will vary in this subject as the seasons progress. In general though, you can evaluate detail in the bricks, shingles and window detail, and in the tree branches against the sky. Compression artifacts are most likely to show in the trim along the edge of the roof, in the bricks, or in the relatively "flat" areas in the windows.

(Note: We'd been having very fickle weather here while we were testing this camera, and so couldn't manage to capture this shot with the usual strong sunshine. As a result, this shot isn't as good a test of dynamic range is it normally would be, but the Z10's difficulty with shadow detail in it does still speak of limitations in that department. Resolution results are of course entirely valid though.)

This is my ultimate "resolution shot," given the infinite range of detail in a natural scene like this, and the Z10 does a pretty good job. Detail is strong in the leaf patterns in the tree limbs above the roof and in the shrubbery in front of the house. The house front details are also clear and distinct, with good definition in the brick pattern and windows. All four corners are slightly soft, but to a much lesser extent than I'm accustomed to seeing in digicam images. (Minolta's lenses seem to do a better than average job of maintaining sharpness across the entire frame.) The slight underexposure and hazy shooting conditions help the camera pick up good detail in the bright white paint surrounding the bay window, a trouble spot for many digicams. At the other end of the tonal scale though detail is very limited in the shadow area over the front door. Overall color looks good, but the image is as noted somewhat underexposed. The table below shows a standard resolution and quality series, followed by ISO, sharpness, contrast, and color series.

Resolution Series:

Wide Angle "Fine"
JPEG
"Normal"
JPEG
"Economy"
JPEG
2,048 x 1,536
Z10FAR2048F
Z10FAR2048N
Z10FAR2048E
1,600 x 1,200
Z10FAR1600
-
1,280 x 960
Z10FAR1280
-
640 x 480
Z10FAR0640
-


ISO Series:
As before, very low noise at ISO 64, increasing fairly slowly as the ISO is boosted.

ISO Series
ISO 64
ISO 100
ISO 200
ISO 400


Sharpness Series:
The Z10's in-camera sharpening adjustment offers a good range of control. The low setting results in images that take unsharp masking in Photoshop or other imaging programs very well, while the high setting should work well for images to be printed at small sizes on an inkjet printer. The default setting is a good balance between the two, providing good sharpening with few artifacts.

Sharpness Series
Soft
Normal
Sharp


Contrast Series:
Like the sharpening control, the Z10's contrast adjustment works well and provides a useful range of adjustment. Unlike similar controls on many cameras, the Z10's contrast adjustment affects both ends of the tonal scale more or less equally, restraining or exaggerating both shadow and highlight values at the same time.

Contrast Series
Low
Normal
High

Color Series:

Color Series
Vivid Color
Black and White
Sepia



 

Lens Zoom Range

Excellent 8x zoom range.

I routinely shoot this series of images to show the field of view for each camera, with the lens at full wide angle, at maximum telephoto (8x, in this case), and at full telephoto with the digital zoom enabled. The Z10's lens is equivalent to a 36-290mm zoom on a 35mm camera. That corresponds to a moderate wide angle to a pretty substantial telephoto. Following are the results at each zoom setting.

Wide Angle
5x Telephoto
Partial Digital Telephoto
Maximum Digital Telephoto



 

Musicians Poster
Auto White Balance
Daylight White Balance
Manual White Balance

Strong color casts with each white balance setting tested, but high resolution and strong detail.

This shot is often a tough test for digicams, as the abundance of blue in the composition frequently tricks white balance systems into producing a warm color balance. The Z10's white balance system had a difficult time here, producing pronounced color casts with each setting tested. I eventually chose the Manual setting for the main image, though it was very cool overall. The Auto and Daylight settings both produced strong warm casts, with reddish skin tones. Though skin tones are cool and magenta with the Manual white balance setting, overall color looks nearer to reality than in the other two images. The blue background and robe have purplish tints from the magenta cast, but are close to accurate. The embroidery on the blue robe shows strong detail, evidence of the Z10's high resolution.



 

Macro Shot
Standard Macro Shot
Macro Shot with Flash

A very small macro area with good detail in the dollar bill. Flash performs surprisingly well for such close proximity.

The Z10 turned in an excellent performance in the macro category, capturing a minimum area of only 0.99 x 0.75 inches (25 x 19 millimeters). Resolution is very high, with strong detail in the dollar bill. (The coins and brooch are soft due to the very short shooting distance - not the camera's fault.) As is common with digicam ultra-macro modes, the corners were very soft though. Also, exposure was low on the right side from the very short shooting distance, which made it difficult to get enough light onto the subject. The Z10's flash actually performed surprisingly well here, considering the very close range. (Still, for ultra macro shots, plan on using external lighting for the best results.)



 

"Davebox" Test Target
Auto White Balance
Daylight White Balance
Manual White Balance

Good white balance only with the Manual option, good hue accuracy but significant oversaturation.

The Z10's Manual white balance setting produced the best results here, though the image did have a slight greenish cast. The Auto setting resulted in a strong red cast, while the Daylight setting produced a strong yellowish cast. The image is just slightly dark, but the Z10 distinguished the subtle tonal variations of the Q60 target well. Though slightly cool, the large color blocks have good hue accuracy, but saturation is a bit too high, particularly in the strong primaries (red, green, and blue). Shadow detail is a little limited in the charcoal briquettes, but image noise there is fairly low.


Now, for the REAL technoids, Imatest!

I've recently begun using Norman Koren's excellent "Imatest" analysis program for quantitative, thoroughly objective analysis of digicam test images. For those interested, I've prepared a page summarizing what Imatest showed me about the Z10's images.



The results in the tests below mirror those seen above in other test shots. The test series are repeated here without further comment, for the benefit of our more quantitatively-oriented readers.

ISO Series:

ISO Series
ISO 64
ISO 100
ISO 200
ISO 400


Contrast Series:

Contrast Series
Low
Normal
High


Color Series:

Color Series
Vivid Color
Black and White
Sepia



 

Low-Light Tests

Good low-light performance, with bright, usable images in almost total darkness, autofocus and EVF both work down to a bit darker than half typical city street lighting.

The Z10 produced clear, bright, usable images down to the 1/16 foot-candle (0.67 lux) limit of my test, at all four ISO settings. Color balance was reddish with the Auto white balance setting, and the red cast increased as the light level decreased. At ISO 64, the image was just a little dim at the lowest light level, but still usable. The Z10's Noise Reduction system did a good job of controlling bright-pixel noise, and noise levels were generally lower than average across the board. Although it lacks an autofocus-assist light, the Z10's autofocus system performed quite well, focusing accurately down to a light level between 1/2 and 1/4 foot-candle. This is also the minimum light level that the Z10's viewfinder is usable at though, which means that the camera can capture images at light levels much lower than those at which you can aim it effectively. The table below shows the best exposure I was able to obtain for each of a range of illumination levels. Images in this table (like all sample photos) are untouched, exactly as they came from the camera.

(Note: If you'd like to use a light meter to check light levels for subjects you might be interested in shooting, a light level of one foot-candle corresponds to a normal exposure of two seconds at f/2.8 and ISO 100.)

  1 fc
11 lux
1/2 fc
5.5 lux
1/4 fc
2.7 lux
1/8 fc
1.3 lux
1/16 fc
0.67 lux
1/16fc
No NR
ISO
64
Click to see Z10LL06403.JPG
4 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL06404.JPG
8 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL06405.JPG
15 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL06406.JPG
30 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL06407.JPG
30 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL06407XNR.JPG
30 sec
f3.2
ISO
100
Click to see Z10LL10003.JPG
2.5 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL10004.JPG
5 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL10005.JPG
10 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL10006.JPG
20 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL10007.JPG
30 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL10007XNR.JPG
30 sec
f3.2
ISO
200
Click to see Z10LL20003.JPG
1.3 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL20004.JPG
2.5 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL20005.JPG
5 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL20006.JPG
10 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL20007.JPG
20 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL20007XNR.JPG
20 sec
f3.2
ISO
400
Click to see Z10LL40003.JPG
1/1 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL40004.JPG
1.3 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL40005.JPG
2.5 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL40006.JPG
5 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL40007.JPG
10 sec
f3.2
Click to see Z10LL40007XNR.JPG
10 sec
f3.2



 

Flash Range Test

A fairly powerful flash, with consistent results to the maximum test distance.

In my testing, the Z10's flash illuminated the test target all the way out to 14 feet, with only a slight decrease in intensity, a better than average performance, particularly considering that I was shooting at the camera's minimum ISO setting of 64. Below is the flash range series, with distances from eight to 14 feet from the target.

8 ft 9 ft 10 ft 11 ft 12 ft 13 ft 14 ft
Click to see Z10FL08.JPG
1/100 sec
f3.4
ISO 64
Click to see Z10FL09.JPG
1/125 sec
f3.4
ISO 64
Click to see Z10FL10.JPG
1/160 sec
f3.4
ISO 64
Click to see Z10FL11.JPG
1/160 sec
f3.4
ISO 64
Click to see Z10FL12.JPG
1/200 sec
f3.4
ISO 64
Click to see Z10FL13.JPG
1/200 sec
f3.4
ISO 64
Click to see Z10FL14.JPG
1/200 sec
f3.4
ISO 64



 

ISO-12233 (WG-18) Resolution Test

Moderately high resolution, 1,000 lines of "strong detail." High barrel and pincushion distortion.

The Z10 performed slightly below average on the "laboratory" resolution test chart. It started showing artifacts in the test patterns at resolutions as low as 500 lines per picture height, in both horizontal and vertical directions. I found "strong detail" out to around 1,000 lines. "Extinction" of the target patterns occurred around 1,250 lines. The "MTF 50" results from Imatest show average resolution of 1001 LW/PH uncorrected, or 1265 LW/PH with standard sharpening of radius 1 applied.

Optical distortion on the Z10 is higher than average at the wide-angle end, where I measured approximately 1.0 percent barrel distortion. The telephoto end fared only slightly better, as I measured approximately 0.9 percent pincushion distortion. (The pincushion number in particular is higher than average, as most cameras show quite a bit less pincushion than barrel.) Chromatic aberration is very low, showing only about two or three pixels of faint coloration on either side of the target lines. (This distortion is visible as a very slight colored fringe around the objects at the edges of the field of view on the resolution target.) The Z10 also shows better than average sharpness in the corners of the frame, something I've found to be characteristic of Konica Minolta's long zoom lenses.

Resolution Series, 50mm
Wide Angle "Fine"
JPEG
"Normal"
JPEG
"Economy"
JPEG
2,048 x 1,536
Z10RES2048F
Z10RES2048N
Z10RES2048E
1,600 x 1,200
Z10RES1600
-
-
1,280 x 960
Z10RES1280
-
-
640 x 480
Z10RES0648
-
-


 

Resolution Test, Wide Angle and Telephoto
2,048 x 1,536
(Fine, Wide)
Z10RESW
2,048 x 1,536
(Fine, Tele)
Z10REST


Sharpness Series

Sharpness Series
Soft
Normal
Sharp



 

Viewfinder Accuracy/Flash Uniformity

A very accurate electronic optical viewfinder, with good results from the LCD monitor as well.

The Z10's electronic "optical" viewfinder (EVF) is pretty accurate, showing about 94 percent frame accuracy at wide angle, and approximately 99 percent at telephoto. The LCD monitor is also very accurate, showing about 98 percent frame accuracy at wide angle. However, the LCD monitor is a little loose at telephoto, as I couldn't measure my standard lines because they were just outside the frame. Given that I like LCD monitors to be as close to 100 percent accuracy as possible, the Z10's LCD monitor and EVF are both excellent. Flash distribution is fairly even at wide angle, with just a little falloff at the corners and edges of the frame. At telephoto, flash distribution is more uniform, though much dimmer.




Z10 Review
Z10 Test Images
Z10 Imatest Results
Z10 Specifications
Z10 "Picky Details"
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