• APS-C 332.3mm2
  • 18.0 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 12,800
  • APS-C 366.6mm2
  • 24.2 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 25,600

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Differences

Canon SL1 advantages over Nikon D3400

  • Touchscreen
    Touch vs No touch
    Interact with your camera just like your smartphone
  • On-sensor phase detect
    Yes vs No
    Usually improves live view and video AF performance
  • External Mic Jack
    Jack vs No jack
    Improved sound fidelity when shooting video
  • Has anti-aliasing filter
    Filter vs No Filter
    Reduces unsightly moiré in photos
  • Bigger JPEG buffer
    Unlimited vs 100 shots
    Take more JPEG shots before waiting (burst mode)

Nikon D3400 advantages over Canon SL1

  • Less expensive
    $397 vs $699
    Save money for lenses or accessories
  • Larger sensor
    APS-C vs APS-C
    More sensor area. Bigger is (generally) better.
  • Built-in Bluetooth
    Yes vs No
    Always-on wireless connectivity
  • Better color depth
    24.8 vs 21.8 bits
    Capture richer, more accurate colors
  • Higher effective ISO
    1,192 vs 843 iso
    Take photos in low light with less noise
  • More dynamic range
    13.9 vs 11.3 evs
    Retain detail in highlight and shadows
  • Longer stills battery life
    More info 1200 vs 380 shots
    Capture more photos
  • Newer
    14 months vs 5 years old
    Newer cameras often support more advanced features
  • More pixels
    24.2 vs 18.0 megapixels
    Higher resolution photos
  • Lacks anti-aliasing filter
    No Filter vs Filter
    Enjoy sharper photos
  • Faster JPEG shooting
    5.1 fps vs 3.9 fps
    Faster JPEG shooting (burst mode)
  • Faster RAW shooting
    5.1 fps vs 4.0 fps
    Faster RAW shooting in burst mode
  • Bigger RAW buffer
    12 vs 8 shots
    Larger buffer for RAW shots (burst mode)

Similarities

Common Strengths

  • Eye-level viewfinder
    Both provide
    You'll be able to frame photos even when the sun is out
  • Internal flash
    Both provide
    Useful in a pinch for fill flash
  • HDMI out
    Both provide
    Use an external screen to monitor or review video
  • Hot shoe
    Both provide
    Off-camera flashes open new possibilities
  • Bulb shutter
    Both provide
    Hold the shutter open manually for long exposures

Common Weaknesses

  • Tilt-swivel screen
    Neither provide
    Tilt and swivel the screen for maximum shooting flexibility
  • Focus peaking
    Neither provide
    Your camera will highlight what's in focus
  • In-Camera Image Stabilization
    Neither provide
    Reduces the effects of camera shake at slower shutter speeds
  • In-camera panoramas
    Neither provide
    Stitches multiple shots into a panoramic photo
  • Tiltable Screen
    Neither provide
    Tilt the screen for shooting flexbility
  • Built-in Wi-Fi
    Neither provide
    Share your photos wirelessly
  • NFC
    Neither provide
    Simplifies pairing your camera with supported phones
  • Built-in GPS
    Neither provide
    Geotag your photos
  • Top deck display
    Neither provide
    Check settings with a screen on top of the camera
  • Pentaprism viewfinder
    Neither provide
    Much better viewfinder picture fidelity
  • Dual card slots
    Neither provide
    Gives you more storage flexibility
  • Headphone jack
    Neither provide
    Monitor audio recording while you shoot video
  • Slow-motion videos
    Neither provide
    Shoot slow-motion videos

User reviews

Buy From

Your purchases support this site

Buy the Canon SL1

Your purchases support this site

Buy the Nikon D3400

Review Excerpt

  • Extremely compact and lightweight for a DSLR; Delivers good image quality that's virtually identical to the Canon T4i/T5i; Accurate and relatively fast autofocus with improved Live View and Movie Hybrid CMOS II AF; Full 1080p HD movie recording; Better-than average kit lens (EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM).

  • Still not as compact as most mirrorless cameras; Slightly worse than average dynamic range and high ISO performance; Poor battery life.

  • Compact DSLR camera body; Excellent image quality; Reliable single-shot autofocus; Good continuous JPEG shooting performance; New kit lens has improved AF; Great value at current prices.

  • SnapBridge is slow and limited; Poor continuous autofocus; No built-in Wi-Fi; Mediocre video features.

The Competition

Compared to Canon T6i

Canon SL1
Canon T6i
  • $519
  • APS-C
  • Bigger pixels
  • Fast startup
  • $599
  • APS-C
  • Less expensive
  • Tilt-swivel screen
Nikon D3400
Canon T6i
  • $397
  • APS-C
  • Less expensive
  • Larger sensor
  • $599
  • APS-C
  • Tilt-swivel screen
  • Touchscreen

Compared to Sony A58

Canon SL1
Sony A58
  • $519
  • APS-C
  • Lens selection
  • Touchscreen
  • $598
  • APS-C
  • Less expensive
  • Focus peaking
Nikon D3400
Sony A58
  • $397
  • APS-C
  • Lens selection
  • Less expensive
  • $598
  • APS-C
  • Focus peaking
  • In-Camera Image Stabilization

Compared to Canon T5

Canon SL1
Canon T5
  • $519
  • APS-C
  • Touchscreen
  • Higher effective ISO
  • $422
  • APS-C
  • Less expensive
  • Longer stills battery life
Nikon D3400
Canon T5
  • $397
  • APS-C
  • Larger sensor
  • Built-in Bluetooth
  • $422
  • APS-C
  • Has anti-aliasing filter

Compared to Pentax K-S1

Canon SL1
Pentax K-S1
  • $519
  • APS-C
  • Touchscreen
  • On-sensor phase detect
  • $399
  • APS-C
  • Focus peaking
  • Larger sensor
Nikon D3400
Pentax K-S1
  • $397
  • APS-C
  • Built-in Bluetooth
  • Higher effective ISO
  • $399
  • APS-C
  • Focus peaking
  • In-Camera Image Stabilization

Compared to Nikon D5600

Canon SL1
Nikon D5600
  • $519
  • APS-C
  • On-sensor phase detect
  • Has anti-aliasing filter
  • $647
  • APS-C
  • Tilt-swivel screen
  • Larger sensor
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5600
  • $397
  • APS-C
  • Less expensive
  • Longer stills battery life
  • $647
  • APS-C
  • Tilt-swivel screen
  • Touchscreen
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