• APS-C 332.3mm2
  • 18.0 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 6400
  • 35mm 860.4mm2
  • 16.2 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 12,800
  • Detailed specifications
  • Canon EOS 7D
  • Nikon D4
Links
Prices: Compare Prices Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website
Canon EOS 7D webpage
Manufacturer website
Predecessor:   Nikon D3S
D3S vs D4
Successor: Canon 7D Mark II
7D vs 7D Mark II
 
General
Model Number: 7D D4
Alternate Model Number(s):    
Camera Format: Pro SLR Pro SLR
Currently Manufactured: No No
Retail Price: $1699.00 $5999.95
Street Price: $1,499.00 $5,248.45
Date Available: 2009-09-30 2012-02-15
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 51.7 oz (1,467 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
47.5 oz (1,347 g)
includes batteries
Size: 5.8 x 4.4 x 2.9 in.
(148 x 111 x 74 mm)
6.3 x 6.2 x 3.6 in.
(160 x 157 x 91 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer: Canon  
Effective Megapixels: 18.0 16.2
Sensor Format: APS-C 35mm
Sensor size: 332.27mm2 (22.30mm x 14.90mm) 860.4mm2 (36.00mm x 23.90mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 4.30 microns 7.31 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.6x 1.0x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed Fixed
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No No
DxO Sensor Score: 66 89
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 22.0 24.7
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 11.7 13.1
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 854 2,965
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 5184 x 3456 (17.9 MP, 3:2),
3888 x 2592 (10.1 MP, 3:2),
3456 x 2304 (8.0 MP, 3:2),
2592 x 1728 (4.5 MP, 3:2)
4928 x 3280 (16.2 MP, 3:2),
3696 x 2456 (9.1 MP, 3:2),
2464 x 1640 (4.0 MP, 3:2),
4096 x 2720 (11.1 MP, Other),
3072 x 2040 (6.3 MP, Other),
2048 x 1360 (2.8 MP, Other),
3200 x 2128 (6.8 MP, 3:2),
2400 x 1592 (3.8 MP, Other),
1600 x 1064 (1.7 MP, 3:2),
4096 x 3280 (13.4 MP, 5:4),
3072 x 2456 (7.5 MP, 5:4),
2048 x 1640 (3.4 MP, 5:4)
Image File Format: JPEG, 14-bit RAW, MRAW, SRAW, RAW+JPEG JPEG, NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed, or uncompressed; RAW+JPEG; TIFF (RGB)
Continuous-mode frames/second: 8.0 11.1
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1920x1080 (30p/​25p/​24p)
1280x720 (60p/​50p)
640x480 (60p/​50p)
1920x1080 (30p/​25p/​24p)
1280x720 (60p/​50p/​30p/​25p)
640x424 (30p/​25p)
Movie File Format: .MOV (H.264) MOV (Video: H.264/MPEG-4 AVC; Audio: Linear PCM)
Composite Video Out: Yes No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: n/a
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Canon EF/EF-S Nikon F
Lens: Canon EF 28-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM n/a
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 45 - 216mm  
Focal Length (actual): 28 - 135mm  
Zoom Ratio: 3.80x  
Aperture Range: f/3.5 - 22 (W), f/5.6 - 36 (T)  
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 50 cm to Infinity
19.7 in to Infinity
 
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 72.0mm n/a
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes No
Digital Zoom: No
Digital Zoom Values: n/a  
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: Phase-Detection: AF-dedicated CMOS Sensor, 19 cross-type AF points, f/2.8 rotated cross center point Nikon Advanced Multi-CAM 3500FX autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection, fine-tuning, and 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors with f/8 supported by 11 sensors)
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes No
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD Optical / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; fixed eye-level pentaprism, 100% coverage, 1.0x mag., 22mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter SLR; eye-level pentaprism, 100% coverage, 0.7x magnification, 18mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter
Focus Peaking: No No
EVF Resolution: n/a n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.63x 0.70x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 1.00x 0.70x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.2
Rear Display Resolution: 921,600 dots (307,200 px) 921,600 dots (307,200 px)
Touchscreen: No No
Articulating Screen: No No
Tilt Swivel Screen: No No
Selfie Screen: No No
Max Playback Zoom: 10.0x 46.0x
Top Deck Display: Yes Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 6400 12800
Minimum ISO (native): 100 100
ISO Settings: Auto, 100 - 6400 in 1/3 or 1EV steps, H=12800 Auto, 100 - 12,800, plus down to 50 in Lo-1, up to 204,800 in Hi-4
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White Fluorescent, Flash, Custom, Kelvin 2500K - 10,000K Auto (2 types), incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), direct sunlight, flash, cloudy, shade, preset manual (up to 4 values can be stored), choose color temperature (2500 K-10000 K), all with fine-tuning
Shutter Speed Range: 1/8000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 63-zone Evaluative, Center-weighted, Partial (9.4% at center), Spot (2.3% at center) 91K-pixel 3D Color Matrix Metering III, Center-weighted (75% given to 8, 12, 15 or 20mm circle), Spot (4mm) centered on selected focus area
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Creative Auto, 3 Custom User Settings None
Self Timer: 10 or 2 seconds 2/5/10/20s; 1-9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2, or 3 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer): No Yes
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes No
Flash Modes: E-TTL II Front curtain sync, slow sync, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction with slow sync, slow rear-curtain sync, Auto FP High-Speed Sync supported
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 12.0 m / 39.4 ft. n/a
Flash Range Description: Lens aperture dependent n/a
Max Flash Sync: 1/250 1/250
Flash Exposure Compensation: +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe, PC Sync ISO 518 hot-shoe contact; safety lock provided; PC Sync terminal
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: Full TTL exposure  
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: CF1 / CF2 CF1 / XQD
UHS Support:    
Other Memory:   UDMA7 compliant
Dual Card Slots: No Yes
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: 14-bit RAW, MRAW, SRAW, RAW+JPEG NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed, or uncompressed; RAW+JPEG; TIFF (RGB)
Movie File Format: .MOV (H.264) MOV (Video: H.264/MPEG-4 AVC; Audio: Linear PCM)
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No No
NFC: No No
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: Yes Yes
Headphone Jack: No Yes
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed,Ethernet
PictBridge Compliant: Yes Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional Wired or Wireless Optional wired, wireless
Connections (extended): N3-type push-in terminal, HDMI mini out, external microphone jack, extension system terminal for WFT-E5A wireless file transmitter Type-C mini HDMI with uncompressed video support, DC Input, 10-pin Expansion Terminal, Audio input (stereo 3.5mm jack with power), Audio output (stereo 3.5mm jack), Peripheral connector for WT-5
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): <0.3 0.41
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): <0.3 0.39
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 22 Unlimited
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): 0.32 0.39
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 8.0 11.1
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 22 Unlimited
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 8.0 11.1
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 16 Unlimited
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 7.9 11.1
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 6 62
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.13 seconds 0.21 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR): 1.10 seconds 1.50 seconds
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR): 0.202 seconds 0.197 seconds
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.083 seconds 0.043 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.24 seconds  
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.061 seconds 0.043 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Live View lag: Full Autofocus "Quick Mode" (Phase Detect) = 0.986s Full Autofocus "Live Mode" (Contrast Detect = 1.103s Prefocused = 0.202s OVF: Full Autofocus lag, 51-point Auto Area = 0.254s Live View: Full Autofocus lag = 1.497s Prefocused lag: 0.197s
Startup Time: 0.4 seconds 0.3 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.1 seconds 0.2 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 2.7 seconds  
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):    
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 800 shots 2600 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary Proprietary EN-EL18 (10.8v 2000mAh)
Usable Battery Types: LP-E6 Lithium-ion rechargeble Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary LP-E6 Lithium-ion rechargeble 1 x Proprietary EN-EL18 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No No
Software
Included Software: Canon Solutions Disc version 21.0 (EOS Utility, ZoomBrowser EX/ImageBrowser, Digital Photo Professional.Picture Style Editor, Movie Edit Task, PhotoStitch, Memory Card utility, WFT Utility, Original Data Security Tool Nikon ViewNX 2 CD-ROM
OS Compatibility: Windows XP SP2/SP3 / Vista, Mac OS X 10.4-10.5  
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: 8 fps continuous mode, all new 19-point AF system, built-in flash can be wireless master, dual-axis electronic level. 16.2-megapixel FX-format CMOS sensor, Expeed 3 processor, Upgraded 51-point AF module, 91K-pixel RGB exposure sensor, Bursts up to 10 fps with AE/AF, 11 fps with AF/AE locked, Full HD video capture, Dual Compact Flash and XQD card slots, Ethernet port, Illuminated controls, External headphone and mic jacks.