• APS-C 332.3mm2
  • 18.0 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 6400
  • 35mm 861.6mm2
  • 36.4 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 25,600
  • Detailed specifications
  • Canon EOS 7D
  • Sony Alpha ILCE-A7R
Links
Prices: Compare Prices Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website
Canon EOS 7D webpage
Manufacturer website
Predecessor:    
Successor: Canon 7D Mark II
7D vs 7D Mark II
Sony A7R II
A7R vs A7R II
General
Model Number: 7D A7R
Alternate Model Number(s):   ILCE-7R
Camera Format: Pro SLR Compact System Camera
Currently Manufactured: No Yes
Retail Price: $1699.00 $2299.99
Street Price: $1,399.00 $1,799.00
Date Available: 2009-09-30 2013-12-07
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 51.7 oz (1,467 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
16.4 oz (465 g)
includes batteries
Size: 5.8 x 4.4 x 2.9 in.
(148 x 111 x 74 mm)
5.0 x 3.7 x 1.9 in.
(127 x 94 x 48 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer: Canon Sony
Effective Megapixels: 18.0 36.4
Sensor Format: APS-C 35mm
Sensor size: 332.27mm2 (22.30mm x 14.90mm) 861.6mm2 (35.90mm x 24.00mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 4.30 microns 4.88 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.6x 1.0x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed None
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No No
DxO Sensor Score: 66 95
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 22.0 25.6
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 11.7 14.1
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 854 2,746
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 5184 x 3456 (17.9 MP, 3:2),
3888 x 2592 (10.1 MP, 3:2),
3456 x 2304 (8.0 MP, 3:2),
2592 x 1728 (4.5 MP, 3:2)
7360 x 4912 (36.2 MP, 3:2),
4800 x 3200 (15.4 MP, 3:2),
3680 x 2456 (9.0 MP, 3:2),
4800 x 3200 (15.4 MP, 3:2),
3680 x 2456 (9.0 MP, 3:2),
2400 x 1600 (3.8 MP, 3:2),
7360 x 4144 (30.5 MP, 16:9),
4800 x 2704 (13.0 MP, 16:9),
3680 x 2072 (7.6 MP, 16:9),
4800 x 3200 (15.4 MP, 3:2),
3680 x 2456 (9.0 MP, 3:2),
2400 x 1600 (3.8 MP, 3:2),
12416 x 1856 (23.0 MP, Other),
8192 x 1856 (15.2 MP, Other),
2160 x 5536 (12.0 MP, Other),
2160 x 3872 (8.4 MP, Other)
Image File Format: JPEG, 14-bit RAW, MRAW, SRAW, RAW+JPEG JPEG, RAW (14-bit ARW 2.3), RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 8.0 4.0
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1920x1080 (30p/25p/24p)
1280x720 (60p/50p)
640x480 (60p/50p)
1920x1080 (60p(28Mbps)/60i(24/17Mbps)/24p(24/17Mbps))
1440x1080 (30p(12Mbps))
640x480 (30p(3Mbps))
Movie File Format: .MOV (H.264) AVCHD 2.0 / MP4; Audio: Dolby Digital (AC-3) / MPEG-4 AAC-LC, stereo
Composite Video Out: Yes No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: n/a
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Canon EF/EF-S Sony E
Lens: Canon EF 28-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM n/a
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 45 - 216mm  
Focal Length (actual): 28 - 135mm  
Zoom Ratio: 3.80x  
Aperture Range: f/3.5 - 22 (W), f/5.6 - 36 (T)  
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 50 cm to Infinity
19.7 in to Infinity
 
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 72.0mm n/a
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes No
Digital Zoom: No Yes
Digital Zoom Values: n/a Up to 4x; up to 2x Clear Image Digital Zoom
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: Phase-Detection: AF-dedicated CMOS Sensor, 19 cross-type AF points, f/2.8 rotated cross center point Contrast-detect AF: Multi Point (25 points) / Center-weighted / Flexible Spot (S/M/L) / Zone
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD EVF / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; fixed eye-level pentaprism, 100% coverage, 1.0x mag., 22mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter EVF: 1.3cm (0.5-inch) 2.4M-dot XGA color OLED, 100% coverage, 0.71x magnification, -4.0 to +3.0 diopter, eye sensor
Focus Peaking: No Yes
EVF Resolution: n/a 2,359,296 dots (786,432 pixels)
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.63x 0.71x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 1.00x 0.71x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 921,600 dots (307,200 px) 921,600 dots (307,200 px)
Touchscreen: No No
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No No
Selfie Screen: No No
Max Playback Zoom: 10.0x 23.0x
Top Deck Display: Yes No
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 6400 25600
Minimum ISO (native): 100 100
ISO Settings: Auto, 100 - 6400 in 1/3 or 1EV steps, H=12800 Auto (100-6400), ISO 100 - 25600; Low extention to ISO 50; up to 51200 in MFNR mode
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White Fluorescent, Flash, Custom, Kelvin 2500K - 10,000K Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Incandescent, Fluorescent (4 settings), Flash, Custom, Color Temp./ Filter (2500-9900K with 15-step Magenta/Green compensation), Underwater
Shutter Speed Range: 1/8000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 63-zone Evaluative, Center-weighted, Partial (9.4% at center), Spot (2.3% at center) 1200-zone Evaluative Multi-segment, Center-weighted, Spot
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Creative Auto, 3 Custom User Settings Scene Modes: Portrait, Landscape, Macro, Sports Action, Sunset, Night Portrait, Night Scene, Hand-held Twilight, Anti Motion Blur; Sweep Panorama; HDR: Auto Exposure Difference, Exposure difference Level (1-6 EV at 1.0 EV step),
Self Timer: 10 or 2 seconds 2 or 10; 3/5 shots after 10 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer): No  
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes No
Flash Modes: E-TTL II Flash off, Auto flash, Fill-flash, Slow Sync., Rear Sync., Hi-speed Sync, Wireless; Red-eye reduction: On/Off
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 12.0 m / 39.4 ft. n/a
Flash Range Description: Lens aperture dependent n/a
Max Flash Sync: 1/250 1/160
Flash Exposure Compensation: +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe, PC Sync Multi Interface Hot shoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: Full TTL exposure  
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: CF1 / CF2 MS PRO Duo / SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support:   UHS-I
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No No
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: 14-bit RAW, MRAW, SRAW, RAW+JPEG RAW (14-bit ARW 2.3), RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format: .MOV (H.264) AVCHD 2.0 / MP4; Audio: Dolby Digital (AC-3) / MPEG-4 AAC-LC, stereo
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No Yes
NFC: No Yes
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: Yes Yes
Headphone Jack: No Yes
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: Yes No
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional Wired or Wireless Optional via RM-VPR1, USB or Wi-Fi
Connections (extended): N3-type push-in terminal, HDMI mini out, external microphone jack, extension system terminal for WFT-E5A wireless file transmitter Multi-Terminal Micro USB (with remote support), Type-D Micro HDMI, Microphone and Headphone jacks
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): <0.3 0.84
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): <0.3 0.79
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 22 Unlimited
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): 0.32 0.84
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 8.0 4.0
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 22 15
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 8.0 4.0
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 16 15
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 7.9 4.0
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 6 14
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.13 seconds 0.36 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR): 1.10 seconds  
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR): 0.202 seconds  
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.083 seconds 0.261 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.24 seconds  
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.061 seconds 0.163 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Live View lag: Full Autofocus "Quick Mode" (Phase Detect) = 0.986s Full Autofocus "Live Mode" (Contrast Detect = 1.103s Prefocused = 0.202s Full Autofocus lag, Multi-area AF mode = 0.362s
Startup Time: 0.4 seconds 2.0 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.1 seconds 0.9 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 2.7 seconds  
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):   340 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 800 shots 270 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary Proprietary
Usable Battery Types: LP-E6 Lithium-ion rechargeble NP-FW50 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary LP-E6 Lithium-ion rechargeble 1 x Proprietary NP-FW50 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes No
Internal Charging Supported: No Yes
Software
Included Software: Canon Solutions Disc version 21.0 (EOS Utility, ZoomBrowser EX/ImageBrowser, Digital Photo Professional.Picture Style Editor, Movie Edit Task, PhotoStitch, Memory Card utility, WFT Utility, Original Data Security Tool Image Data Converter 4, PlayMemories Home
OS Compatibility: Windows XP SP2/SP3 / Vista, Mac OS X 10.4-10.5 Windows Vista/7/8; Mac OS X 10.6 or later. (PlayMemories Home is Windows only.)
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: 8 fps continuous mode, all new 19-point AF system, built-in flash can be wireless master, dual-axis electronic level. World's smallest, lightest, fully-featured interchangeable lens full-frame camera (along with Sony A7); No OLPF; Compatible with Sony's E-mount lens system and new full-frame lenses.