• 1/1.7 inch 43.3mm2
  • 14.7 megapixels
  • 36.00mm - 133.00mm (35mm eq.)
  • 1/2.33 inch 28.2mm2
  • 16.0 megapixels
  • 22.00mm - 580.00mm (35mm eq.)
  • Detailed specifications
  • Canon PowerShot SD990 IS
  • Pentax X-5
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Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Predecessor:    
Successor:    
General
Model Number: SD990 IS X-5
Alternate Model Number(s): IXUS 980 IS  
Camera Format: Compact EVF
Currently Manufactured: No No
Retail Price: $399.99 $279.95
Street Price:   $187.33
Date Available: 2008-10-15 2012-09-15
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 5.6 oz (160 g) 22.0 oz (623 g)
includes batteries
Size: 3.8 x 2.4 x 1.1 in.
(97 x 62 x 28 mm)
4.7 x 3.4 x 4.2 in.
(119 x 86 x 107 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CCD CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer:    
Effective Megapixels: 14.7 16.0
Sensor Format: 1/1.7 inch 1/2.33 inch
Sensor size: 43.32mm2 (7.6mm x 5.7mm) 28.198mm2 (6.13mm x 4.6mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 1.72 microns 1.33 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: n/a n/a
Aspect Ratio: 4:3, 16:9 4:3
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter:    
Self-Cleaning: No No
Sensor shift image stabilization: No Yes
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No No
DxO Sensor Score:    
DxO Color Depth Score (bits):    
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs):    
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso):    
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4416 x 3312 (14.6 MP, 4:3),
4416 x 2480 (11.0 MP, 16:9),
3456 x 2592 (9.0 MP, 4:3),
2592 x 1944 (5.0 MP, 4:3),
1600 x 1200 (1.9 MP, 4:3),
640 x 480 (0.3 MP, 4:3)
4608 x 3456 (15.9 MP, 4:3),
3456 x 3456 (11.9 MP, 1:1),
4608 x 2592 (11.9 MP, 16:9),
3072 x 2304 (7.1 MP, 4:3),
3072 x 1728 (5.3 MP, 16:9),
2592 x 1944 (5.0 MP, 4:3),
2592 x 1464 (3.8 MP, Other),
2048 x 1536 (3.1 MP, 4:3),
1920 x 1080 (2.1 MP, 16:9),
1024 x 768 (0.8 MP, 4:3),
640 x 480 (0.3 MP, 4:3)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.2) JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 1.4 1.1
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 640x480 (30)
320x240 (30)
1920x1080 (30p)
1280x720 (60p/30p)
640x480 (30p)
Movie File Format: MOV (Image: H.264, Audio: PCM) MOV (AVC/H.264 with monaural sound)
Composite Video Out: Yes Yes
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes Yes
Video Usable as Viewfinder:
HD Video Out: No Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: n/a n/a
Lens: Canon Zoom Lens smc PENTAX zoom lens, 12 elements in 9 groups with 3 aspherical elements
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 36 - 133mm 22 - 580mm
Focal Length (actual): 7.7 - 28.5mm 4 - 104mm
Zoom Ratio: 3.69x 26.00x
Aperture Range: f/2.8 (W) - f/5.8 (T) f/3.1 (wide) / f5.9 (tele) with 2-stage aperture
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 50 cm to Infinity
19.7 in to Infinity
40 cm to Infinity
15.7 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range: 5 - 50 cm
2.0 - 19.7 in
1 - 30 cm
0.4 - 11.8 in
Filter Thread: n/a n/a
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes No
Digital Zoom: Yes Yes
Digital Zoom Values: Up to 4x Up to 7.2x
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: Contrast Detect with Face Detection Contrast Detection: 9 point AF, Spot AF, Auto Tracking AF, Macro, Super Macro, Infinity Landscape, Manual, Focus Point Selection
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD EVF / LCD
Viewfinder Type: Real image optical zoom EVF: 230K-dot LCD with diopter adjustment dial (diopter range unavailable)
Focus Peaking: No No
EVF Resolution: n/a  
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent):    
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed):    
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 2.5 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 230,000 dots 460,000 dots (153,000 px)
Touchscreen: No No
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No
Selfie Screen: No
Max Playback Zoom: 10.0x 10.0x
Top Deck Display:
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native):    
Minimum ISO (native):    
ISO Settings: Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600. 3200 requires special scene mode Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, Daylight, Cloudy, Tungsten, Fluorescent, Fluorescent H, Flash, Underwater, Custom Auto, Daylight, Shade, Tungsten light, Fluorescent light (D, N, W), Manual
Shutter Speed Range: 1/1600 - 15 sec 1/1500 - 4 sec
Bulb Mode: No No
Exposure Compensation: +/- 2.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 2.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: Evaluative, Center-weighted, Spot (center), Face Detect AE Multi-segment, Center-weighted, Spot
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: No No
Shutter Priority: No No
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Portrait, Foliage, Snow, Beach, Sunset, Fireworks, Aquarium, Underwater, ISO 3200, Indoor, Kids & Pets, Night Snapshot, Color Accent, Color Swap, Digital Macro, Stitch Assist Handheld Night Snap, Sport, Landscape, Portrait, Scene (Flower, Blue Sky, Sunset, Night Scene, Night Scene Portrait, , Fireworks, HDR, Surf & Snow, Baby, Kids, Pet, Food, Digital SR, Stage Lighting, Text, Museum, Digital Wide, Digital Panorama, Frame Composite)
Self Timer: 1 - 30 seconds 10s, 2s, Remote 3 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):    
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes Yes
Flash Modes: Auto, Red-eye Reduction, Auto Red-eye Correction, Flash On, Flash Off; FE lock, Slow Synchro Auto, Flash Off, Flash On, Auto + Redeye, On + Redeye, Slow Sync, Slow Sync + Redeye
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): n/a n/a
Flash Range Description: 1.6-15 ft./50cm-4.6m (W), 1.6-7.9 ft./50cm-2.4m (T) (when sensitivity is set to ISO Auto) Auto ISO: Wide: approx. 0.66 - 38 ft; Tele: approx. 4.9 - 20ft
Max Flash Sync: 1/500  
Flash Exposure Compensation: +/- 2.0 EV in 0.3EV steps  
External Flash Connection: n/a n/a
Built-In Wireless Flash Control:    
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support:    
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No No
RAW Capture Support: No No
Uncompressed Format:    
Movie File Format: MOV (Image: H.264, Audio: PCM) MOV (AVC/H.264 with monaural sound)
Included Memory: No memory included 75.3 MB
Included Memory Type:   Internal
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No No
NFC: No No
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: No No
Headphone Jack: No No
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed
PictBridge Compliant: Yes No
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: No Yes
Remote Control Type:   Optional infrared
Connections (extended):   DC Input, Micro (Type-D) HDMI
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 2.00 2.41
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame):    
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames):    
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot):    
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 1.4 1.1
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): Unlimited Unlimited
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps):    
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames):    
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps):    
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames):    
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.50 seconds 0.51 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele): 0.60 seconds 0.67 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR):    
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR):    
Shutter Lag (manual focus):    
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash):    
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.085 seconds 0.129 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes):    
Startup Time: 1.7 seconds 2.6 seconds
Play -> Record Time:    
Flash cycle time, full power: 8.0 seconds 5.8 seconds
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View): 280 shots 500 shots (NiMH AA)
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF):    
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary NB-5L 4 x AA
Usable Battery Types: Lithium Ion rechargeable Lithium or Alkaline disposable, NiMH rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary NB-5L Lithium Ion rechargeable 4 x Alkaline AAs
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes No
Dedicated Battery Charger Included:
Internal Charging Supported:
Software
Included Software: Canon software suite Software CD-ROM S-SW129
OS Compatibility: Windows, Mac OS  
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: New DIGIC 4 Image Processor improves Face Detection, adds Servo AF, Face Detection Self-Timer and Intelligent Contrast Correction. BSI CMOS Sensor, Sensor-shift-type Shake Reduction (SR), Tilting 460K-dot LCD, 230K-dot EVF, 1080p Full HD Movies. Available in silver or black.