• APS-C 355.7mm2
  • 14.2 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 3200
  • APS-C 368.2mm2
  • 16.2 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 6400
  • Detailed specifications
  • Nikon D3100
  • Nikon D7000
Links
Prices:    
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website
Nikon D3100 webpage
Manufacturer website
Nikon D7000 webpage
Predecessor:   Nikon D90
D90 vs D7000
Successor: Nikon D3200
D3100 vs D3200
Nikon D7100
D7000 vs D7100
General
Model Number: D3100 D7000
Alternate Model Number(s):    
Camera Format: SLR Pro SLR
Currently Manufactured: No No
Retail Price: $699.95 $1499.95
Street Price:   $699.00
Date Available: 2010-09-15 2011-08-15
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 27.4 oz (777 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
43.5 oz (1,234 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
Size: 4.9 x 3.8 x 2.9 in.
(125 x 97 x 74 mm)
5.2 x 4.1 x 3.0 in.
(132 x 105 x 77 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer:   Sony
Effective Megapixels: 14.2 16.2
Sensor Format: APS-C APS-C
Sensor size: 355.74mm2 (23.10mm x 15.40mm) 368.16mm2 (23.60mm x 15.60mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 5.01 microns 4.79 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.5x 1.5x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed Fixed
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No No
DxO Sensor Score: 67 80
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 22.5 23.5
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 11.3 13.9
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 919 1,167
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4608 x 3072 (14.2 MP, 3:2),
3456 x 2304 (8.0 MP, 3:2),
2304 x 1536 (3.5 MP, 3:2)
4928 x 3264 (16.1 MP, Other),
3696 x 2448 (9.0 MP, Other),
2464 x 1632 (4.0 MP, Other)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.21), RAW (12-bit .NEF), RAW+JPEG JPEG (EXIF 2.3), NEF (RAW) 12 or 14-bits, RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 2.9 5.9
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1920x1080 (24)
1280x720 (30/​25/​24)
640x424 (24)
1920x1080 (24)
1280x720 (30/​25/​24)
640x424 (30/​25)
Movie File Format: MOV H.264/MPEG-4 MOV H.264/MPEG-4
Composite Video Out: Yes Yes
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes Yes
Video Usable as Viewfinder: No Yes
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Nikon F Nikon F
Lens: Nikkor AF-S DX 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G VR Nikkor AF-S 18-105mm f/3.5 -5.6G ED VR
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 27 - 83mm 27 - 158mm
Focal Length (actual): 18 - 55mm 18 - 105mm
Zoom Ratio: 3.00x 5.80x
Aperture Range: f/3.5 - 22 (W), f/5.6 - 38 (T) f/3.5 -22 (W), f/5.6 -38 (T)
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 28 cm to Infinity
11.0 in to Infinity
45 cm to Infinity
17.7 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 52.0mm 67.0mm
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes Yes
Digital Zoom: No No
Digital Zoom Values: n/a n/a
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: Nikon Multi-CAM 1000 11-Area Phase Detection, 1 cross-type, 9 line-type 39-point (9 cross type) TTL phase detection with 3D focus tracking by Nikon Multi-CAM 4800 DX
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD Optical / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; eye-level pentamirror, 95% coverage, 0.80x mag., 18mm eyepoint, -1.7 to +0.5 diopter SLR type; eye-level pentaprism, 100% coverage, 0.94x mag., 19.5mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter
Focus Peaking: No No
EVF Resolution: n/a n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.53x 0.63x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.80x 0.94x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 230,000 dots 921,600 dots (307,200 px)
Touchscreen: No No
Articulating Screen: No No
Tilt Swivel Screen: No No
Selfie Screen: No No
Max Playback Zoom: 27.0x 31.0x
Top Deck Display: No Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 3200 6400
Minimum ISO (native): 100 100
ISO Settings: 100 - 3,200; expandable to 12800 100-6400, Hi-1=12800, Hi-2=25600
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, Incandescent, Fluorescent (7 types), Direct Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy, Shade, Preset Manual;all except Preset Manual with fine tuning Auto (2 types), Incandescent, Fluorescent (7), Direct Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy, Shade, Preset Manual (up to 5), Color Temperature (2.5K to 10K Kelvin)
Shutter Speed Range: 1/4000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 420 segment 3D color matrix metering II, color matrix metering II, center-weighted, spot (3.5mm) 3D Color Matrix Metering II (2,016-pixel RGB), Center-weighted, Spot (2.5% on selected focus point)
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Portrait, Landscape, Child, Sports, Close up, Night portrait Portrait, Landscape, Child, Sports, Close up, Night portrait, Night landscape, Party/indoor, Beach/snow, Sunset, Dusk/dawn, Pet portrait, Candlelight, Blossom, Autumn colors, Food, Silhouette, High key, Low key, User1, User2
Self Timer: 10 or 2 seconds 2, 5, 10, 20 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):   Yes
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes Yes
Flash Modes: Red-Eye Reduction, Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync, Slow Sync, Rear-Curtain Sync. Fill-flash, slow sync, red-eye reduction, slow sync with red-eye reduction, rear-curtain with slow sync; Advanced Wireless Lighting supported
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 12.0 m / 39.4 ft. 12.0 m / 39.4 ft.
Flash Range Description: Lens dependent Lens dependent
Max Flash Sync: 1/200 1/250 (up to 1/320s with lower flash range)
Flash Exposure Compensation: -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: ISO hot shoe Hot shoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control:   Full TTL exposure
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC / SDXC SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support:   No UHS support
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No Yes
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: RAW (12-bit .NEF), RAW+JPEG NEF (RAW) 12 or 14-bits, RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format: MOV H.264/MPEG-4 MOV H.264/MPEG-4
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No No
NFC: No No
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: No Yes
Headphone Jack: No No
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed
PictBridge Compliant: Yes Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional, MC-DC2 corded Optional IR (ML-L3) or Cable
Connections (extended): Type C mini-HDMI with CEC, Accessory Terminal (MC-DC2 remote cord or GP-1 GPS unit) HDMI Out (with CEC), DC In, Accessory Terminal for Wired Remote (MC-DC2) or GPS (GP-1), 3.5mm Stereo Mic Jack
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 0.55 0.48
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 0.54 0.48
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): Unlimited 14
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot):   0.52
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 2.9 5.9
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 100 19
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   5.9
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames):   10
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   6.0
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames):   10
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.28 seconds 0.24 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR):   1.42 seconds
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR):   0.247 seconds
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.200 seconds 0.054 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.30 seconds 0.31 seconds
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.117 seconds 0.053 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Live View: Full AF lag (AF-S or AF-F) = 1.5s Prefocused lag = 0.479s Auto-Area PD Full AF: 0.436s Live View Full AF: 1.42s Live View Prefocused: 0.247s
Startup Time: 0.4 seconds 0.4 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.3 seconds 0.3 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 3.5 seconds 4.0 seconds
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):    
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 550 shots 1050 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary EN-EL14 Proprietary EN-EL15, optional MB-D11 battery pack
Usable Battery Types: Lithium-ion rechargeable Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary EN-EL14 Lithium-ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary EN-EL15 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No
Software
Included Software: Nikon Software Suite CD-ROM ViewNX 2 CD-ROM
OS Compatibility: Windows, Mac OS Windows, Mac OS
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: 1080p HD movies, Quiet Shutter mode, new full-time AF in Movie mode. HD movies up to [email protected], stereo mic jack, full-time AF in Live View/Movie mode, 6fps continuous shooting, virtual horizon, new 39-point AF system, new 2016 pixel RGB metering sensor, dual SD card slots, rugged construction.