• APS-C 366.6mm2
  • 24.2 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 25,600
  • 35mm 861.6mm2
  • 42.4 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 25,600
  • Detailed specifications
  • Nikon D3400
  • Sony Alpha ILCA-A99 II
Links
Prices: Compare Prices Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Nikon D3300
D3300 vs D3400
Sony A99
A99 vs A99 II
Successor: Nikon D3500
D3400 vs D3500
 
General
Model Number: D3400 A99 II
Alternate Model Number(s):   ILCA-99M2
Camera Format: SLR Pro SLR
Currently Manufactured: Yes Yes
Retail Price: $649.95 $3199.00
Street Price: $396.95 $3,198.00
Date Available: 2016-09-01 2016-11-30
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 22.8 oz (645 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
29.9 oz (849 g)
Size: 4.9 x 3.9 x 3.0 in.
(124 x 98 x 76 mm)
5.6 x 4.1 x 3.0 in.
(143 x 104 x 76 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer: Sony Sony
Effective Megapixels: 24.2 42.4
Sensor Format: APS-C 35mm
Sensor size: 366.6mm2 (23.50mm x 15.60mm) 861.6mm2 (35.90mm x 24.00mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 3.92 microns 4.51 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.5x 1.0x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: None None
Self-Cleaning: No Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No Yes
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No Yes
DxO Sensor Score: 86 92
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 24.8 25.4
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 13.9 13.4
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 1,192 2,317
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 6000 x 4000 (24.0 MP, 3:2),
4496 x 3000 (13.5 MP, 3:2),
2992 x 2000 (6.0 MP, 3:2)
7952 x 5304 (42.2 MP, 3:2),
5168 x 3448 (17.8 MP, 3:2),
3984 x 2656 (10.6 MP, 3:2),
7952 x 4472 (35.6 MP, 16:9),
5168 x 2912 (15.0 MP, Other),
3984 x 2240 (8.9 MP, 16:9),
5168 x 3448 (17.8 MP, 3:2),
3984 x 2656 (10.6 MP, 3:2),
2592 x 1728 (4.5 MP, 3:2),
5168 x 2912 (15.0 MP, Other),
3984 x 2240 (8.9 MP, 16:9),
2592 x 1456 (3.8 MP, 16:9),
12416 x 1856 (23.0 MP, Other),
5536 x 2160 (12.0 MP, Other),
8192 x 1856 (15.2 MP, Other),
3872 x 2160 (8.4 MP, Other)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.3), RAW (12-bit .NEF), RAW+JPEG JPEG, RAW (14-bit ARW 2.3), RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 5.1 10.5
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1920x1080 (60p/50p/30p/25p/24p)
1280x720 (60p/50p)
3840x2160 (30p/25p/24p)
1920x1080 (60p/60i/50p/50i/24p)
1280x720 (30p/25p)
1920x1080 (120p/100p)
Movie File Format: MOV (Video: H.264/MPEG-4 AVC; Audio: Monaural Linear PCM) XAVC S / AVCHD 2.0 / MP4; Audio: LPCM / Dolby Digital (AC-3) / MPEG-4 AAC-LC, stereo
Composite Video Out: No No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: n/a n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: n/a n/a
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Nikon F Sony Alpha (Minolta A)
Lens: Nikkor AF-P DX NIKKOR 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G VR n/a
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 27 - 83mm  
Focal Length (actual): 18 - 55mm  
Zoom Ratio: 3.06x  
Aperture Range: f/3.5 - 22 (W), f/5.6 - 38 (T); 7 diaphragm blades  
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 25 cm to Infinity
9.8 in to Infinity
 
Macro Focus Range: 56 - 38 cm
22.0 - 15.0 in
 
Filter Thread: 55.0mm n/a
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes No
Digital Zoom: No Yes
Digital Zoom Values: n/a Up to 4x; up to 2x Clear Image Digital Zoom
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: OVF: Nikon Multi-CAM 1000 11-Area Phase Detection, 1 cross-type, 10 line-type; Contrast-detect AF in Live View mode TTL Phase-detection AF: Dedicated CCD line sensors: 79 points (15 cross-type points, F2.8- sensitive at the center point); Focal Plane Phase Detection: 399 points (323 selectable points, 79 hybrid-cross auto focus points*) * When Hybrid Phase Detection AF is activated
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD EVF / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; eye-level pentamirror, 95% coverage, 0.85x mag., 18mm eyepoint, -1.7 to +0.5 diopter, Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VII screen EVF: 1.3cm (0.5-inch) 2.4M-dot XGA color OLED, 100% coverage, 0.78x magnification, -4.0 to +3.0 diopter, eyepoint 23mm from the eyepiece lens/18.5mm from the eyepiece frame at -1 m-1 (CIPA standard), eye sensor
Focus Peaking: No Yes
EVF Resolution: n/a 2,359,296 dots (786,432 pixels)
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.57x 0.78x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.85x 0.78x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 921,600 dots (307,200 px) 1,228,800 dots (307,200 px)
Touchscreen: No No
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No Yes
Selfie Screen: No Yes
Max Playback Zoom:   24.9x
Top Deck Display: No Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 25600 25600
Minimum ISO (native): 100 100
ISO Settings: Auto, 100 - 25600 AUTO (ISO 100-6400, selectable lower limit and upper limit), ISO 100 - 25600, expandable to ISO 50 - 102400
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, Incandescent, Fluorescent (7 types), Direct Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy, Shade, Preset Manual; all except Preset Manual with fine tuning Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Incandescent, Fluorescent (4 settings), Flash, Custom, Color Temp./ Filter (2500-9900K with 57-step Magenta/Green compensation), Underwater
Shutter Speed Range: 1/4000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 420-segment 3D Color Matrix Metering II, Color Matrix Metering II, Center-weighted, Spot (3.5mm/2.5%) 1200-zone Evaluative Multi-segment, Center-weighted, Spot
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Scene Modes: Portrait, Landscape, Child, Sports, Close up, Night portrait; Special Effects: Night Vision, Super Vivid, Pop, Photo Illustration, Toy Camera, Miniature, Selective Color, Silhouette, High Key, Low Key 3 Memory Recalls; Sweep Panorama; HDR: Auto Exposure Difference, Exposure difference Level (1-6 EV at 1.0 EV step),
Self Timer: 2s, 5s, 10s, 20s; 1 to 9 exposures seconds 2, 5, 10; 3/5 shots after 2/5/10 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer): No  
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes No
Flash Modes: Auto, auto with red-eye reduction, auto slow sync, auto slow sync with redeye reduction, fill-flash, red-eye reduction, slow sync, slow sync with red-eye reduction, rear-curtain with slow sync, rear-curtain sync, off; Advanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-910, SB-900, SB-800 as master Flash off, Auto flash, Fill-flash, Slow Sync., Rear Sync., Hi-speed Sync, Wireless; Red-eye reduction: On/Off
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 7.0 m / 23.0 ft. n/a
Flash Range Description: Lens aperture dependent; Approx. 22/7, 26/8 with manual flash (ft/m, ISO 100, 68F/20C) n/a
Max Flash Sync: 1/200 1/250
Flash Exposure Compensation: -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: ISO hot shoe Multi Interface Hot Shoe, PC-Sync Terminal
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: No No
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC / SDXC MS PRO Duo / SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support: UHS-I UHS-I
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No Yes
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: RAW (12-bit .NEF), RAW+JPEG RAW (14-bit ARW 2.3), RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format: MOV (Video: H.264/MPEG-4 AVC; Audio: Monaural Linear PCM) XAVC S / AVCHD 2.0 / MP4; Audio: LPCM / Dolby Digital (AC-3) / MPEG-4 AAC-LC, stereo
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No Yes
NFC: No Yes
Bluetooth: Yes Yes
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: No Yes
Headphone Jack: No Yes
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed,Bluetooth USB 2.0 High Speed,Bluetooth,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: Yes No
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional ML-L3 infrared remote Optional wired, infrared or via Wi-Fi
Connections (extended): Type-C Mini HDMI with CEC, USB 2.0 Multi-Terminal Micro USB (with remote support), Type-D Micro HDMI (can output up to 4K/30p 8-bit 4:2:2) ; Microphone and Headphone jacks, DC input terminal
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): <0.3 <0.3
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame):    
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames):    
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): <0.3 <0.3
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 5.1 10.5
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 100 61
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 5.1 11.1
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 12 25
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 5.1 10.6
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 6 24
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.20 seconds 0.11 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR): 0.64 seconds  
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR): 0.280 seconds  
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.104 seconds 0.113 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.22 seconds  
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.080 seconds 0.052 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes):    
Startup Time: 0.5 seconds 1.2 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.3 seconds 1.0 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 2.0 seconds  
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):   490 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 1200 shots 390 shots
Battery Life, Video: 60 minutes 135 minutes
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary EN-EL14a Proprietary
Usable Battery Types: Lithium-ion rechargeable NP-FM500H Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary EN-EL14a Lithium-ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary NP-FM500H Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No No
Software
Included Software: ViewNX-i, ViewNX-Movie Editor, Capture NX-D, Nikon Transfer 2, Picture Control Utility 2 downloads Capture One Express (for Sony) free download
OS Compatibility: Windows 7/8/10, Mac OS X 10.9.5-10.11.5  
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: Available in black or red.