• 35mm 860.4mm2
  • 12.1 megapixels
  • ISO 200 - 12,800
  • Medium format 1,436.6mm2
  • 51.4 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 204,800
  • Detailed specifications
  • Nikon D3S
  • Pentax 645Z
Links
Prices:   Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Nikon D2Hs
D2Hs vs D3S
Pentax 645D
645D vs 645Z
Successor: Nikon D4
D3S vs D4
 
General
Model Number: D3S 645Z
Alternate Model Number(s):    
Camera Format: Pro SLR Pro SLR
Currently Manufactured: No Yes
Retail Price: $5199.95 $8499.95
Street Price:   $5,663.62
Date Available: 2009-11-30 2014-06-15
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 49.7 oz (1,410 g)
includes batteries
54.9 oz (1,555 g)
includes batteries
Size: 6.3 x 6.2 x 3.4 in.
(160 x 157 x 88 mm)
6.1 x 4.6 x 4.8 in.
(156 x 117 x 123 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer:   Sony
Effective Megapixels: 12.1 51.4
Sensor Format: 35mm Medium format
Sensor size: 860.4mm2 (36.00mm x 23.90mm) 1436.64mm2 (43.80mm x 32.80mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 8.46 microns 5.31 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.0x 0.8x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 4:3
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed None
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No No
DxO Sensor Score: 82 101
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 23.5 26.0
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 12.0 14.7
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 3,253 4,505
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4256 x 2832 (12.1 MP, 3:2),
3184 x 2120 (6.8 MP, 3:2),
2128 x 1416 (3.0 MP, 3:2),
2784 x 1848 (5.1 MP, Other),
2080 x 1384 (2.9 MP, 3:2),
1392 x 920 (1.3 MP, Other),
3552 x 2832 (10.1 MP, 5:4),
2656 x 2120 (5.6 MP, 5:4),
1776 x 1416 (2.5 MP, 5:4),
3552 x 2368 (8.4 MP, 3:2),
2656 x 1776 (4.7 MP, 3:2),
1776 x 1184 (2.1 MP, 3:2)
8256 x 6192 (51.1 MP, 4:3),
6192 x 5184 (32.1 MP, Other),
5376 x 4032 (21.7 MP, 4:3),
1920 x 1440 (2.8 MP, 4:3)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.21), RAW (NEF), 14 or 12-bit; compr JPEG, 14-bit PEF / DNG RAW, TIFF
Continuous-mode frames/second: 9.0 3.1
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1280x720 (24)
640x424 (24)
320x216 (24)
1920x1080 (60i/​50i/​30p/​25p/​24p)
1280x720 (60p/​50p/​30p/​25p/​24p)
Movie File Format: Motion JPEG MOV (MPEG-4 AVC/H.264) with stereo sound; Motion JPEG (AVI) for Interval Movie Record
Composite Video Out: Yes No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: Yes n/a
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Nikon F Pentax 645 bayonet
Lens: n/a n/a
Focal Length (35mm equivalent):    
Focal Length (actual):    
Zoom Ratio:    
Aperture Range:    
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range:    
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: n/a n/a
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: No No
Digital Zoom: No
Digital Zoom Values: n/a  
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: 51-point TTL phase detection via Nikon Multi-CAM 3500FX with 15 cross-type and 36 line-type sensors 27-point SAFOX 11+ Phase Difference Detection (25 cross type focus points in the center): Spot, Select, Expanded Area AF (S, M, L), Zone Select, Auto (27 AF Points)
Auto Focus Assist Light? No No
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD Optical / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; eye-level pentaprism, interchangeable screen, 100%, 0.7x, 18mm eyepoint, -3.0 to +1.0 Trapezoid prism finder w/ interchangeable Natural-Bright-Matte focusing screen; Coverage: ~98%; Magnification: ~0.62x (55mmF2.8 at infinity), ~0.85x (75mmF2.8 at infinity); Diopter: -3.5 m to + 2.0 m-1; Eye Relief: ~21 mm (from view window), ~24.1 mm (from center of lens)
Focus Peaking: No Yes
EVF Resolution: n/a n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.70x 0.78x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.70x 0.62x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.2
Rear Display Resolution: 920,000 dots 1,036,800 dots (345,600 px)
Touchscreen: No No
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No No
Selfie Screen: No No
Max Playback Zoom: 27.0x 16.0x
Top Deck Display: Yes Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 12800 204800
Minimum ISO (native): 200 100
ISO Settings: Auto, 200 - 12,800, plus down to 100 in Lo-1, up to 102,400 in Hi-3 Auto, 100-204800 in 1, 1/2 or 1/3EV steps
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, twelve manual modes can be preset with fine-tuning; color temperature setting, custom Auto, Multi Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Fluorescent Light (D: Daylight Color, N: Daylight White, W: Cool White, L: Warm White), Tungsten, Flash, CTE; Manual mode(s): Manual (up to 3 settings can be saved), Color Temperature (up to 3 settings can be saved), Copying the white balance settings of a captured image possible
Shutter Speed Range: 1/8000 - 30 sec 1/4000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 1005-pixel 3D Color Matrix Metering II, Center-weighted, Spot (1.5%) centered on selected focus area 86K-pixel RBG sensor: Multi-segment metering, Center-weighted metering, Spot metering
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: None Sensitivity Priority, Shutter & Aperture Priority; HDR Capture: Auto, Type1, Type2, Type3, Exposure Bracket Value adjustable, Auto Align (automatic composition correction function) available; Custom Image: Bright, Natural, Portrait, Landscape, Vibrant, Radiant, Muted, Bleach Bypass, Reversal Film, Monochrome, Cross Processing (Random, Preset 1-3, Favorite 1-3)
Self Timer: 2/5/10/20 seconds 2 or 12 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):   Yes
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: No No
Flash Modes: n/a P-TTL; high-speed sync, wireless sync supported with compatible flash unit
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): n/a n/a
Flash Range Description: n/a n/a
Max Flash Sync: 1/250 1/125
Flash Exposure Compensation:   -2 to +1 EV
External Flash Connection: ISO-type hot-shoe contact; safety lock provided; PC Sync terminal Hot shoe, X-sync socket
Built-In Wireless Flash Control:    
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: CF1 SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support:   UHS-I
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: Yes Yes
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: RAW (NEF), 14 or 12-bit; compr 14-bit PEF / DNG RAW, TIFF
Movie File Format: Motion JPEG MOV (MPEG-4 AVC/H.264) with stereo sound; Motion JPEG (AVI) for Interval Movie Record
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No No
NFC: No
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: No Yes
Headphone Jack: No No
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 3.0 Super Speed
PictBridge Compliant: Yes No
DPOF Compliant: Yes No
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional wired Optional wired or wireless
Connections (extended): HDMI Out, DC Input, 10-pin Expansion Terminal, External Stereo Mic Micro (Type-D) HDMI, DC input, Stereo microphone jack, wired remote socket
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 0.34 0.35
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 0.34 0.33
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 58 10
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): 0.34 0.33
Camera penalizes early shutter press? Yes Yes
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 9.0 3.1
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 90 12
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 9.1 3.1
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 41 10
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 9.1 3.1
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 36 10
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.20 seconds 0.16 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR): 0.51 seconds 1.17 seconds
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR): 0.423 seconds 0.385 seconds
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.043 seconds 0.117 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash):    
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.043 seconds 0.112 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Optical Viewfinder AF lag: 51-point Auto-Area Full AF = 0.361s Live View AF Lag: Hand-held mode Full AF = 0.511s Tripod mode Full AF = 2.66s Tripod mode Prefocused = 0.423 OVF: Full AF lag, wide-area mode = 0.170s Live View: Full AF lag, Spot AF mode = 1.174s Prefocused = 0.385s
Startup Time: 0.3 seconds 1.5 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.3 seconds 0.7 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power:    
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):    
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 4200 shots 650 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary EN-EL4a Proprietary D-LI90
Usable Battery Types: Lithium Ion rechargeable Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary EN-EL4a Lithium Ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary D-LI90 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No No
Software
Included Software: PictureProject  
OS Compatibility: Windows, Mac OS  
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: New 51.4MP AA-filterless CMOS sensor, PRIME III processor, 27-point SAFOX 11 AF, 86K RGB metering, Full HD video up to 60i, tilting LCD monitor with Live View, 3fps full-res continuous burst mode.