• 35mm 861.6mm2
  • 24.5 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 1600
  • APS-C 337.5mm2
  • 20.2 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 12,800
  • Detailed specifications
  • Nikon D3X
  • Canon EOS 70D
Links
Prices: Compare Prices Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Nikon D2Xs
D2Xs vs D3X
Canon 60D
60D vs 70D
Successor:   Canon 80D
70D vs 80D
General
Model Number: D3X 70D
Alternate Model Number(s):    
Camera Format: Pro SLR SLR
Currently Manufactured: No No
Retail Price: $7999.95 $1550.00
Street Price: $6,999.00 $1,149.00
Date Available: 2008-12-15 2013-09-15
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 49.1 oz (1,392 g)
includes batteries
43.5 oz (1,233 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
Size: 6.3 x 6.2 x 3.4 in.
(160 x 157 x 88 mm)
5.5 x 4.1 x 3.1 in.
(139 x 104 x 79 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer: Sony Canon
Effective Megapixels: 24.5 20.2
Sensor Format: 35mm APS-C
Sensor size: 861.6mm2 (35.90mm x 24.00mm) 337.5mm2 (22.50mm x 15.00mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 5.94 microns 4.11 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.0x 1.6x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed Fixed
Self-Cleaning: No Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No Yes
DxO Sensor Score: 88 68
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 24.7 22.5
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 13.7 11.6
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 1,992 926
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 6048 x 4032 (24.4 MP, 3:2),
4544 x 3024 (13.7 MP, 3:2),
3024 x 2016 (6.1 MP, 3:2),
5056 x 4032 (20.4 MP, 5:4),
3792 x 3024 (11.5 MP, 5:4),
2528 x 2016 (5.1 MP, 5:4),
3968 x 2640 (10.5 MP, 3:2),
2976 x 1976 (5.9 MP, Other),
1984 x 1320 (2.6 MP, 3:2)
5472 x 3648 (20.0 MP, 3:2),
3468 x 2432 (8.4 MP, Other),
2736 x 1824 (5.0 MP, 3:2),
1920 x 1280 (2.5 MP, 3:2),
720 x 480 (0.3 MP, 3:2),
4864 x 3648 (17.7 MP, 4:3),
3248 x 2432 (7.9 MP, Other),
2432 x 1824 (4.4 MP, 4:3),
1696 x 1280 (2.2 MP, 4:3),
640 x 480 (0.3 MP, 4:3),
5472 x 3072 (16.8 MP, 16:9),
3468 x 2048 (7.1 MP, Other),
2736 x 1536 (4.2 MP, 16:9),
1920 x 1080 (2.1 MP, 16:9),
720 x 408 (0.3 MP, Other),
3648 x 3648 (13.3 MP, 1:1),
2432 x 2432 (5.9 MP, 1:1),
1824 x 1824 (3.3 MP, 1:1),
1280 x 1280 (1.6 MP, 1:1),
480 x 480 (0.2 MP, 1:1)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.21), TIFF; RAW (NEF), 12- or 14-bit JPEG (EXIF 2.3), 14-bit .CR2 RAW, mRAW, sRAW, RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 5.0 6.7
Video Capture
Can take movies: No Yes
Movie Resolution: 1920x1080 (30p/​25p/​24p)
1280x720 (60p/​50p)
640x480 (30p/​25p)
Movie File Format:   MOV (Video: H.264 Intra-Frame / Inter-Frame, Audio: Stereo Linear PCM)
Composite Video Out: Yes Yes
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes Yes
Video Usable as Viewfinder: Yes Yes
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Nikon F Canon EF/EF-S
Lens: n/a Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM
Focal Length (35mm equivalent):   29 - 216mm
Focal Length (actual):   18 - 135mm
Zoom Ratio:   7.50x
Aperture Range:   f/3.5 - f/22 (wide) / f/5.6 - f/36 (tele)
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range:   39 cm to Infinity
15.4 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: n/a 67.0mm
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: No Yes
Digital Zoom: No Yes
Digital Zoom Values: n/a 3-10x available during movie recording only
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: 51-point TTL phase detection via Nikon Multi-CAM 3500FX with 15 cross-type and 36 line-type sensors OVF: AF-dedicated CMOS sensor, 19-points, all cross-type AF points, center dual cross-type point for f/2.8; Live View: Dual-Pixel CMOS AF
Auto Focus Assist Light? No Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD Optical / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; eye-level pentaprism, interchangeable screen, 100%, 0.7x, 18mm eyepoint, -3.0 to +1.0 SLR type; eye-level pentaprism, 98% coverage, 0.95x magnification, 22mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter
Focus Peaking: No No
EVF Resolution: n/a n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.70x 0.59x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.70x 0.95x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 922,000 dots 1,040,000 dots (346,600 px)
Touchscreen: No Yes
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No Yes
Selfie Screen: No Yes
Max Playback Zoom: 27.0x 10.0x
Top Deck Display: Yes Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 1600 12800
Minimum ISO (native): 100 100
ISO Settings: 100 - 1600, plus down to 50 in Lo-1, up to 6,400 in Hi-2 Auto, 100 - 12800 in 1/3 or 1EV steps, Expandable to 25600
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, seven manual modes can be preset with fine-tuning; color temperature setting, custom Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White Fluorescent, Flash, Custom, Kelvin 2,500K - 10,000K
Shutter Speed Range: 1/8000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 1005-pixel 3D Color Matrix Metering II, Center-weighted, Spot (1.5%) centered on selected focus area 63-zone (dual layer) Evaluative, Center-weighted, Partial (7.7%), Spot (3.0%)
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: None Creative Auto, Scene (Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait, Handheld Night Scene, HDR Backlight Control), No Flash, Custom User Setting, High Dynamic Range, Multiple Exposure, Creative Filters (Art Bold, Fish-eye, Water-painting, Grainy Black and White, Soft Focus, Toy Camera and Miniature)
Self Timer: 2/5/10/20 seconds 10 or 2 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):   No
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: No Yes
Flash Modes: n/a E-TTL II, Manual; wireless slave flash supported via built-in flash
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): n/a 12.0 m / 39.4 ft.
Flash Range Description: n/a Lens aperture dependent; GN= 12m (39.4 ft.) at ISO 100, works out to about 11.2 feet at f/3.5 and 7 feet at f/5.6
Max Flash Sync: 1/250 1/250
Flash Exposure Compensation:   +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: ISO-type hot-shoe contact; safety lock provided; PC Sync terminal Hot Shoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control:   Full TTL exposure
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: CF1 / CF2 / Microdrive SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support:   UHS-I
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: Yes No
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: TIFF; RAW (NEF), 12- or 14-bit 14-bit .CR2 RAW, mRAW, sRAW, RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format:   MOV (Video: H.264 Intra-Frame / Inter-Frame, Audio: Stereo Linear PCM)
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No Yes
NFC: No
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: Yes Yes
Headphone Jack: No No
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: Yes Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Wired, 10-pin terminal or USB Optional wired, IR wireless or Wi-Fi
Connections (extended): HDMI Out (Type-A), DC Input, 10-pin Expansion Terminal Mini (Type-C) HDMI, 3.5mm Microphone Jack, Wired Remote Jack
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): <0.3 <0.3
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): <0.3 0.33
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 31 Unlimited
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot):   0.32
Camera penalizes early shutter press? Yes No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 5.0 6.7
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 31 65
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   6.7
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames):   14
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   6.7
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames):   7
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.16 seconds 0.08 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR):   0.65 seconds
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR):   0.059 seconds
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.050 seconds 0.075 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash):   0.16 seconds
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.045 seconds 0.059 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Live View Mode Full AF, Single-Area, Hand-Held Mode = 0.426s Full AF, Auto-Area, Hand-Held Mode = 0.606s Prefocused, Hand-Held Mode = 0.045s Prefocused, Tripod Mode = 0.418s OVF: Auto Selection AF lag = 0.093s LV: "Quick Mode"(Phase Detect) Single-point AF lag = 0.506s FlexiZone AF, Single-point AF lag = 0.652s Prefocused lag = 0.059s
Startup Time: 0.3 seconds 0.7 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.3 seconds 0.1 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power:   1.2 seconds
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):   210 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 4400 shots 920 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary EN-EL4a Proprietary
Usable Battery Types: Lithium Ion rechargeable LP-E6 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary EN-EL4a Lithium Ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary LP-E6 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No No
Software
Included Software: Software Suite CD-ROM Canon Solutions Disc (EOS Utility, ZoomBrowser EX/ImageBrowser, Digital Photo Professional.Picture Style Editor, Movie Edit Task, PhotoStitch, Memory Card utility,)
OS Compatibility: Windows, Mac OS Windows, Mac OS X
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: 24.5MP version of the D3. 5fps full resolution burst speed, 7fps in DX crop mode at 10.5 megapixels. New 20.2-megapixel APS-C Canon CMOS sensor, Dual-Pixel CMOS AF system for Live View and movie modes, Full HD 1080p videos at up to 30fps in ALL-I or IPB, DIGIC 5+ image processor, 7fps burst mode, built-in Wi-Fi.