• 35mm 858.0mm2
  • 45.7 megapixels
  • ISO 64 - 25,600
  • 4/3 224.9mm2
  • 20.3 megapixels
  • ISO 200 - 25,600
  • Detailed specifications
  • Nikon D850
  • Panasonic Lumix DC-G9
Links
Prices: Compare Prices Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Nikon D810
D810 vs D850
Panasonic G85
G85 vs G9
Successor:    
General
Model Number: D850 G9
Alternate Model Number(s):    
Camera Format: Pro SLR Compact System Camera
Currently Manufactured: Yes Yes
Retail Price: $3299.95 $1699.99
Street Price: $3,296.95 $1,197.99
Date Available: 2017-09-15 2018-01-03
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 32.3 oz (915 g) 23.2 oz (658 g)
includes batteries
Size: 5.7 x 4.9 x 3.1 in.
(146 x 124 x 79 mm)
5.4 x 3.8 x 3.6 in.
(137 x 97 x 92 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS Live MOS
Sensor Manufacturer: Sony Panasonic
Effective Megapixels: 45.7 20.3
Sensor Format: 35mm 4/3
Sensor size: 858.01mm2 (35.90mm x 23.90mm) 224.9mm2 (17.30mm x 13.00mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 4.35 microns 3.34 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.0x 2.0x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 4:3
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: None None
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No Yes
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No No
DxO Sensor Score: 100  
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 26.4  
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 14.8  
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 2,660  
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 8256 x 5504 (45.4 MP, 3:2),
6192 x 4128 (25.6 MP, 3:2),
4128 x 2752 (11.4 MP, 3:2),
6880 x 4584 (31.5 MP, 3:2),
5152 x 3432 (17.7 MP, 3:2),
3440 x 2288 (7.9 MP, 3:2),
6880 x 5504 (37.9 MP, 5:4),
5152 x 4120 (21.2 MP, 5:4),
3440 x 2752 (9.5 MP, 5:4),
5504 x 5504 (30.3 MP, 1:1),
4128 x 4128 (17.0 MP, 1:1),
2752 x 2750 (7.6 MP, 1:1)
5184 x 3888 (20.2 MP, 4:3),
3712 x 2784 (10.3 MP, 4:3),
2624 x 1968 (5.2 MP, 4:3),
5184 x 3456 (17.9 MP, 3:2),
3712 x 2480 (9.2 MP, 3:2),
2624 x 1752 (4.6 MP, 3:2),
5184 x 2920 (15.1 MP, 16:9),
3840 x 2160 (8.3 MP, 16:9),
1920 x 1080 (2.1 MP, 16:9),
3888 x 3888 (15.1 MP, 1:1),
2784 x 2784 (7.8 MP, 1:1),
1968 x 1968 (3.9 MP, 1:1),
4992 x 3744 (18.7 MP, 4:3),
3328 x 2496 (8.3 MP, 4:3),
5184 x 3456 (17.9 MP, 3:2),
3504 x 2336 (8.2 MP, 3:2),
3840 x 2160 (8.3 MP, 16:9),
2880 x 2880 (8.3 MP, 1:1),
10368 x 7776 (80.6 MP, 4:3),
7296 x 5472 (39.9 MP, 4:3),
10368 x 6911 (71.7 MP, 3:2),
7296 x 4863 (35.5 MP, 3:2),
10368 x 5832 (60.5 MP, 16:9),
7296 x 4104 (29.9 MP, 16:9)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.31), NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed, or uncompressed; large, medium, and small available (medium and small images are recorded at a bit depth of 12 bits using lossless compression); TIFF JPEG (EXIF 2.31), RAW, RAW + JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 7.1 60.0
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 3840x2160 (30p/25p)
1920x1080 (60p/50p/30p/25p/24p)
1280x720 (60p/50p)
1920x1080 (120p/100p)
3840x2160 (60p/30p/24p)
1920x1080 (60p/60i/30p/24p)
3840x2160 (60p/48p)
1920x1080 (180p)
Movie File Format: MOV/MP4 (H.265/MPEG-4 AVC, Linear PCM/AAC audio) MP4, AVCHD, AVCHD Progressive
Composite Video Out: No No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: n/a n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: n/a n/a
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Nikon F Micro Four Thirds
Lens: n/a n/a
Focal Length (35mm equivalent):    
Focal Length (actual):    
Zoom Ratio:    
Aperture Range:    
Integrated ND Filter: No
Normal Focus Range:    
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: n/a n/a
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: No No
Digital Zoom: Yes Yes
Digital Zoom Values: 1.2x, 1.5x (DX), 5:4, 1:1 crop modes 2x, 4x; Extra Tele Conversion: Still image: Max. 2x; 4K PHOTO: 1.6x (4:3), 1.5x (3:2), 1.4x (16:9, 1:1); Motion picture: 2.7x (FHD), 1.4x (4K)
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: Nikon Advanced Multi-CAM 20K autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection and fine-tuning: 153 focus points (including 99 cross-type sensors and 15 sensors that support f/8), of which 55 (35 cross-type sensors and 9 f/8 sensors) are available for selection; Contrast-detect AF in Live View mode Contrast Detection with DFD: Face/Eye detection, Tracking, 225-area, Custom Multi, 1-area, Pinpoint; One Shot AF, Shutter AF, Half Press Release, Quick AF, Continuous AF (during motion picture recording), Eye Sensor AF, AF-Point Scope Setting, AF+MF, MF Assist, Touch MF Assist, Focus Peaking, Touch AF/AE Function, Touch Pad AF, Touch Shutter
Auto Focus Assist Light? No Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD EVF / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR; eye-level pentaprism, 100% coverage, 0.75x magnification, 17mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter 3680K-dot OLED, 1.66x / 0.83x (35mm eq.) magnification, 21mm eyepoint, -4 to +3 diopter, eye sensor
Focus Peaking: Yes Yes
EVF Resolution: n/a 3,680,000 dots
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.75x 0.83x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.75x 1.66x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.2 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 2,359,000 dots (589,750 px) 1,040,000 dots (346,600 px)
Touchscreen: Yes Yes
Articulating Screen: Yes Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No Yes
Selfie Screen: No Yes
Max Playback Zoom: 32.0x 16.0x
Top Deck Display: Yes Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 25600 25600
Minimum ISO (native): 64 200
ISO Settings: Auto, 64 - 25,600 in 1/3, 1/2 or 1EV steps, plus down to 32 in Lo-1, up to 102,400 in Hi-2 Auto, iISO, 100 (extended), 200 - 25600; in 1 or 1/3 EV steps
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto (3), Incandescent, Fluorescent (7), Direct Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy, Shade, Preset Manual (6) (Spot WB available in Live View), Color Temperature (2,500K-10,000K); Fine-tuning available for all options. Auto, Autoc, Daylight, Cloudy, Shade, Incandescent, Flash, White Set 1-4, Color Temperature Setting 1-4 (2,500-10,000K in 100K steps)
Shutter Speed Range: 1/8000 - 30 sec 1/32000 - 60 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 180K-pixel 3D Color Matrix Metering III, Center-weighted (weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame; diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame), Spot (4mm circle or about 1.5% frame, centered on selected focus area), Highlight-weighted: Available with type G, E, and D lenses 1728-zone Intelligent Multiple, Center-weighted, Spot
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: None Creative Control: Expressive, Retro, Old Days, High Key, Low Key, Sepia, Monochrome, Dynamic Monochrome, Rough Monochrome, Silky Monochrome, Impressive Art, High Dynamic, Cross Process, Toy Effect, Toy Pop, Bleach Bypass, Miniature Effect, Soft Focus, Fantasy, Star Filter, One Point Color, Sunshine
Self Timer: 2/5/10/20 seconds 2, 10, 3 shots in 10 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer): Yes Yes
High Resolution Composite: No 80.6 megapixels
Flash
Built-in Flash: No No
Flash Modes: n/a Auto, Auto/Red-eye Reduction, Forced On, Forced On/Red-eye Reduction, Slow Sync., Slow Sync./Red-eye Reduction, Forced Off; 1st. Curtain Sync, 2nd Curtain Sync.
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): n/a n/a
Flash Range Description: n/a n/a
Max Flash Sync: 1/250 1/250
Flash Exposure Compensation: -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: ISO-type hot-shoe, PC Sync terminal Hot Shoe, PC Sync Terminal
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: No No
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: XQD / SD / SDHC / SDXC SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support: UHS-II UHS-II
Other Memory: 1 SD UHS-II slot, 1 XQD slot  
Dual Card Slots: Yes Yes
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed, or uncompressed; large, medium, and small available (medium and small images are recorded at a bit depth of 12 bits using lossless compression); TIFF RAW, RAW + JPEG
Movie File Format: MOV/MP4 (H.265/MPEG-4 AVC, Linear PCM/AAC audio) MP4, AVCHD, AVCHD Progressive
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: Yes Yes
NFC: No No
Bluetooth: Yes Yes
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: Yes Yes
Headphone Jack: Yes Yes
External Connections: USB 3.0 Super Speed,Bluetooth,WiFi USB 2.0 High Speed,USB 3.0 Super Speed,Bluetooth,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: Yes Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional wired or wireless Wi-Fi/Bluetooth or optional wired
Connections (extended): Mini HDMI (Type C), USB 3.0 Micro-B, 10-pin Expansion Terminal (GP-1 GPS compatible), Stereo Mic Mini Jack (3.5mm), Stereo Audio Out (3.5mm) USB 3.0 Micro B, HDMI Type-A, 2.5mm Wired Remote, 3.5mm External Mic Jack, 3.5mm Headphone Jack
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): <0.3 <0.3
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame):    
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames):    
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): <0.3 <0.3
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 7.1 60.0
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 200 50
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 7.1 60.0
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 200 50
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 7.1 60.0
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 53 50
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.08 seconds 0.12 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR): 0.73 seconds  
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR): 0.145 seconds  
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.052 seconds 0.051 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash):    
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.046 seconds 0.045 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes):    
Startup Time: 0.2 seconds 0.9 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.1 seconds 0.7 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 0.0 seconds  
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):   400 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 1840 shots 380 shots
Battery Life, Video: 70 minutes 55 minutes
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary Proprietary
Usable Battery Types: EN-EL15a Lithium-ion rechargeable or MB-D18 battery grip 7.2v, 1860mAh Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary EN-EL15a Lithium-ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No Yes
Software
Included Software:   None; Free downloads: PHOTOfunSTUDIO, SILKYPIX Developer Studio
OS Compatibility:   PHOTOfunSTUDIO (Windows); SILKYPIX Developer Studio (Windows / Mac)
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: