• APS-C 372.9mm2
  • 12.3 megapixels
  • ISO 200 - 3200
  • 35mm 864.0mm2
  • 30.4 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 32,000
  • Detailed specifications
  • Nikon D90
  • Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Links
Prices:   Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website
Nikon D90 webpage
Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Nikon D80
D80 vs D90
Canon 5D Mark III
5D Mark III vs 5D Mark IV
Successor: Nikon D7000
D90 vs D7000
 
General
Model Number: D90 5D Mark IV
Alternate Model Number(s):    
Camera Format: SLR Pro SLR
Currently Manufactured: No Yes
Retail Price: $1299.95 $3499.00
Street Price:   $2,813.18
Date Available: 2008-09-15 2016-09-01
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 40.0 oz (1,133 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
31.4 oz (890 g)
includes batteries
Size: 5.2 x 4.1 x 3.0 in.
(132 x 103 x 77 mm)
5.9 x 4.6 x 3.0 in.
(151 x 116 x 76 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer:   Canon
Effective Megapixels: 12.3 30.4
Sensor Format: APS-C 35mm
Sensor size: 372.88mm2 (23.60mm x 15.80mm) 864mm2 (36.00mm x 24.00mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 5.50 microns 5.36 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.5x 1.0x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed Fixed
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No Yes
DxO Sensor Score: 73 91
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 22.7 24.8
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 12.5 13.6
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 977 2,995
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4288 x 2848 (12.2 MP, Other),
3216 x 2136 (6.9 MP, Other),
2144 x 1424 (3.1 MP, Other)
6720 x 4480 (30.1 MP, 3:2),
5040 x 3360 (16.9 MP, 3:2),
4464 x 2976 (13.3 MP, 3:2),
3360 x 2240 (7.5 MP, 3:2),
1920 x 1280 (2.5 MP, 3:2),
720 x 480 (0.3 MP, 3:2),
5952 x 4480 (26.7 MP, 4:3),
4480 x 3360 (15.1 MP, 4:3),
3968 x 2976 (11.8 MP, 4:3),
2976 x 2240 (6.7 MP, 4:3),
1696 x 1280 (2.2 MP, 4:3),
640 x 480 (0.3 MP, 4:3),
6720 x 3776 (25.4 MP, 16:9),
5040 x 2836 (14.3 MP, 16:9),
4464 x 2512 (11.2 MP, 16:9),
3360 x 1888 (6.3 MP, 16:9),
1920 x 1080 (2.1 MP, 16:9),
720 x 408 (0.3 MP, Other),
4480 x 4480 (20.1 MP, 1:1),
3360 x 3360 (11.3 MP, 1:1),
2976 x 2976 (8.9 MP, 1:1),
2240 x 2240 (5.0 MP, 1:1),
1280 x 1280 (1.6 MP, 1:1),
480 x 480 (0.2 MP, 1:1)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.21), NEF (RAW), 12-bit; RAW+JPEG JPEG (EXIF v2.3), RAW, M-RAW (16.9MP), S-RAW (7.5MP), Dual-Pixel RAW; 14-bit CR2
Continuous-mode frames/second: 4.5 7.0
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1280x720 (24)
640x424 (24)
320x216 (24)
4096x2160 (30p/​25p/​24p/​23.98p)
1920x1080 (60p/​50p/​30p/​25p/​24p/​23.98p)
1280x720 (120p/​100p)
Movie File Format: AVI (Motion JPEG) MOV (4K Video: Motion JPEG; Full HD and HD Video: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264; Audio: Linear PCM), MP4 (Video: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264; Audio: AAC)
Composite Video Out: Yes No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: Yes n/a
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Nikon F Canon EF
Lens: Nikkor AF-S 18-105mm f/3.5 -5.6G ED VR n/a
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 27 - 158mm  
Focal Length (actual): 18 - 105mm  
Zoom Ratio: 5.80x  
Aperture Range: f/3.5 -22 (W), f/5.6 -38 (T)  
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 45 cm to Infinity
17.7 in to Infinity
 
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 67.0mm n/a
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes No
Digital Zoom: No
Digital Zoom Values: n/a  
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: 11 point TTL phase detection with 3D focus tracking by Nikon Multi-CAM 1000 Phase Detect: OVF: 61-point (up to 41 cross-type points); Up to 5 dual cross-type AF points at f/2.8 and f/5.6, up to 20 cross-type AF points at f/4 and f/5.6, up to 21 cross-type AF points at f/5.6 and f/8, up to 20 horizontal-line AF points at f/5.6, up to 61 horizontal-line AF points at f/8; Dual Pixel CMOS AF on sensor
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes No
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD Optical / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; fixed eye-level pentaprism, 96% coverage, 0.94x mag., 19.5mm eyepoint, -2 to +1 diopter SLR type; fixed eye-level pentaprism, 100% coverage, 0.71x magnification, 21mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter, fixed focusing screen, on demand grid
Focus Peaking: No No
EVF Resolution: n/a n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.63x 0.71x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.94x 0.71x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.2
Rear Display Resolution: 921,600 dots (307,200 px) 1,620,000 dots (540,000 px)
Touchscreen: No Yes
Articulating Screen: No No
Tilt Swivel Screen: No No
Selfie Screen: No No
Max Playback Zoom: 27.0x 10.0x
Top Deck Display: Yes Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 3200 32000
Minimum ISO (native): 200 100
ISO Settings: Auto, ISO 200-3200, Lo-1=100, Hi-1=6400 Auto, 100-32000 in 1/3 or 1 EV steps, expandable to 50 (L), 51200 (H1) and 102400 (H2)
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, 7 manual modes with fine tuning, color temperature Auto (Ambience priority/White priority), Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten Light, White Fluorescent Light, Flash, Custom, Color Temperature
Shutter Speed Range: 1/4000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 3D Color Matrix Metering II (420-pixel RGB), Center-weighted, Spot 150K-pixel RGB+IR metering sensor, 252-zone Evaluative, Center-weighted, Partial (center 6.1% of frame), Spot (center 1.3% of frame)
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait Custom shooting mode C1, C2, C3; Multiple-exposure; HDR
Self Timer: 2 to 20 seconds 2, 10 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):   Yes
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes No
Flash Modes: Front-Curtain Sync, Red-Eye Reduction, Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync, Slow Sync, and Rear-Curtain Sync; supports Advanced Wireless Lighting system n/a
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 12.0 m / 39.4 ft. n/a
Flash Range Description: Lens dependent n/a
Max Flash Sync: 1/200 1/200
Flash Exposure Compensation: -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe Hot Shoe, PC Sync
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: Full TTL exposure No
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC CF1 / SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support: No UHS support UHS-I
Other Memory:   SD: UHS-I, CF: UDMA7
Dual Card Slots: No Yes
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: NEF (RAW), 12-bit; RAW+JPEG RAW, M-RAW (16.9MP), S-RAW (7.5MP), Dual-Pixel RAW; 14-bit CR2
Movie File Format: AVI (Motion JPEG) MOV (4K Video: Motion JPEG; Full HD and HD Video: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264; Audio: Linear PCM), MP4 (Video: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264; Audio: AAC)
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No Yes
NFC: No Yes
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No Yes
Microphone Jack: No Yes
Headphone Jack: No Yes
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 3.0 Super Speed,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: Yes Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional wired or wireless Optional Wired or Wireless
Connections (extended): HDMI Out, DC In, 10-pin Accessory Port Mini HDMI (Type C), Remote Jack, Stereo Mic Jack, Stereo Monitor Jack, PC-Sync Terminal
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 0.36 0.37
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 0.35  
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 13  
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): 0.32 0.37
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 4.5 7.0
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): Unlimited Unlimited
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 4.1 7.0
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 10 19
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 4.2 7.0
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 7 12
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.21 seconds 0.17 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR): 2.29 seconds  
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR): 0.519 seconds 0.057 seconds
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.067 seconds 0.077 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.25 seconds  
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.067 seconds 0.057 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Live View: Full autofocus: 2.294s Prefocused: 0.519s  
Startup Time: 0.3 seconds 0.5 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.3 seconds 0.2 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 2.2 seconds  
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):   300 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 850 shots 900 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary EN-EL3e, optional MB-D80 battery pack Proprietary LP-E6N
Usable Battery Types: Lithium Ion rechargeable Lithium-ion Rechargeable or BG-E20 battery grip
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary EN-EL3e Lithium Ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary LP-E6N Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No No
Software
Included Software: PictureProject CD-ROM Canon EOS Digital Solution Disc
OS Compatibility: Windows, Mac OS  
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: Live View with Face Detection, Dust Reduction, HDMI Output, Scene Recognition System, Active D-Lighting, Picture Control, Extensive In-camera Editing, GPS support. New 30.4-megapixel full-frame sensor, Dual Pixel CMOS AF, DIGIC 6+ processor, 61-point AF system, 7fps burst mode, DCI 4K video, Dual Pixel RAW, built-in Wi-Fi with NFC, built-in GPS.