• APS-C 372.9mm2
  • 12.3 megapixels
  • ISO 200 - 3200
  • APS-C 332.3mm2
  • 24.2 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 25,600
  • Detailed specifications
  • Nikon D90
  • Canon EOS 77D
Links
Prices:   Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website
Nikon D90 webpage
Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Nikon D80
D80 vs D90
Canon T6s
T6s vs 77D
Successor: Nikon D7000
D90 vs D7000
 
General
Model Number: D90 77D
Alternate Model Number(s):   9000D
Camera Format: SLR SLR
Currently Manufactured: No Yes
Retail Price: $1299.95 $1499.00
Street Price:   $549.00
Date Available: 2008-09-15 2017-04-15
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 40.0 oz (1,133 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
37.2 oz (1,055 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
Size: 5.2 x 4.1 x 3.0 in.
(132 x 103 x 77 mm)
5.2 x 3.9 x 3.0 in.
(131 x 100 x 76 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer:   Canon
Effective Megapixels: 12.3 24.2
Sensor Format: APS-C APS-C
Sensor size: 372.88mm2 (23.60mm x 15.80mm) 332.27mm2 (22.30mm x 14.90mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 5.50 microns 3.72 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.5x 1.6x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed Fixed
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No Yes
DxO Sensor Score: 73 78
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 22.7 23.6
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 12.5 13.3
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 977 971
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4288 x 2848 (12.2 MP, Other),
3216 x 2136 (6.9 MP, Other),
2144 x 1424 (3.1 MP, Other)
6000 x 4000 (24.0 MP, 3:2),
3984 x 2656 (10.6 MP, 3:2),
2976 x 1984 (5.9 MP, 3:2),
2400 x 1600 (3.8 MP, 3:2),
6000 x 3368 (20.2 MP, 16:9),
3984 x 2240 (8.9 MP, 16:9),
2976 x 1824 (5.4 MP, Other),
2400 x 1344 (3.2 MP, Other),
5328 x 4000 (21.3 MP, 4:3),
3552 x 2664 (9.5 MP, 4:3),
2656 x 1992 (5.3 MP, 4:3),
2112 x 1600 (3.4 MP, Other),
4000 x 4000 (16.0 MP, 1:1),
2656 x 2656 (7.1 MP, 1:1),
1984 x 1984 (3.9 MP, 1:1),
1600 x 1600 (2.6 MP, 1:1)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.21), NEF (RAW), 12-bit; RAW+JPEG JPEG (EXIF 2.3), 14-bit .CR2 RAW, RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 4.5 6.0
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1280x720 (24)
640x424 (24)
320x216 (24)
1920x1080 (60p/​50p/​30p/​25p/​24p)
1280x720 (60p/​50p/​30p/​25p)
640x480 (30p/​25p)
Movie File Format: AVI (Motion JPEG) MOV (Video: H.264, Audio: Stereo Linear PCM); MP4 (Video: H.264, Audio: AAC)
Composite Video Out: Yes No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: Yes n/a
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Nikon F Canon EF/EF-S
Lens: Nikkor AF-S 18-105mm f/3.5 -5.6G ED VR Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 27 - 158mm 29 - 216mm
Focal Length (actual): 18 - 105mm 18 - 135mm
Zoom Ratio: 5.80x 7.50x
Aperture Range: f/3.5 -22 (W), f/5.6 -38 (T) f/3.5 - f/22 (wide) / f/5.6 - f/36 (tele)
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 45 cm to Infinity
17.7 in to Infinity
39 cm to Infinity
15.4 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 67.0mm 67.0mm
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes Yes
Digital Zoom: No
Digital Zoom Values: n/a  
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: 11 point TTL phase detection with 3D focus tracking by Nikon Multi-CAM 1000 OVF: AF-dedicated CMOS sensor, 45-points, up to 45 cross-type (f/5.6), 1 dual-cross (f/2.8 and f/5.6), 27 support f/8 (9 cross-type); Live View: Dual-Pixel CMOS AF
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD Optical / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; fixed eye-level pentaprism, 96% coverage, 0.94x mag., 19.5mm eyepoint, -2 to +1 diopter SLR type; eye-level pentamirror, ~95% coverage, ~0.82x magnification, 19mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter, eye sensor
Focus Peaking: No No
EVF Resolution: n/a n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.63x 0.51x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.94x 0.82x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 921,600 dots (307,200 px) 1,040,000 dots (346,600 px)
Touchscreen: No Yes
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No Yes
Selfie Screen: No Yes
Max Playback Zoom: 27.0x 10.0x
Top Deck Display: Yes Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 3200 25600
Minimum ISO (native): 200 100
ISO Settings: Auto, ISO 200-3200, Lo-1=100, Hi-1=6400 Auto, 100 - 25600 in 1EV steps, Expandable to 51200
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, 7 manual modes with fine tuning, color temperature Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White Fluorescent, Flash, Custom
Shutter Speed Range: 1/4000 - 30 sec 1/4000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 3D Color Matrix Metering II (420-pixel RGB), Center-weighted, Spot 7,560-pixel RGB+IR metering sensor: 63-zone Evaluative (linked to all AF points), Center-weighted, Partial (6.0%), Spot (3.5%)
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait Creative Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Special Scene (Group Photo, Kids, Food, Candlelight, Night Portrait, Handheld Night Scene, HDR Backlight Control), Flash Off, Creative Filters (Grainy B/W, Soft Focus, Fish-eye, Water-painting, Toy Camera, Miniature, HDR Art (Standard/Vivid/Bold/Embossed)
Self Timer: 2 to 20 seconds 10 or 2 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):   Yes
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes Yes
Flash Modes: Front-Curtain Sync, Red-Eye Reduction, Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync, Slow Sync, and Rear-Curtain Sync; supports Advanced Wireless Lighting system E-TTL II, Manual
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 12.0 m / 39.4 ft. 12.0 m / 39.4 ft.
Flash Range Description: Lens dependent Lens aperture dependent; GN= 12m (39.4 ft.) at ISO 100, works out to about 11.2 feet at f/3.5 and 7 feet at f/5.6
Max Flash Sync: 1/200 1/200
Flash Exposure Compensation: -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 2.0 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe Hot Shoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: Full TTL exposure Full TTL exposure
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support: No UHS support UHS-I
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No No
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: NEF (RAW), 12-bit; RAW+JPEG 14-bit .CR2 RAW, RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format: AVI (Motion JPEG) MOV (Video: H.264, Audio: Stereo Linear PCM); MP4 (Video: H.264, Audio: AAC)
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No Yes
NFC: No Yes
Bluetooth: No Yes
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: No Yes
Headphone Jack: No No
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed,Bluetooth,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: Yes Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional wired or wireless Optional wired, IR wireless, Bluetooth or Wi-Fi
Connections (extended): HDMI Out, DC In, 10-pin Accessory Port Mini (Type-C) HDMI, 3.5mm Microphone Jack, Wired Remote Jack
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 0.36 <0.3
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 0.35  
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 13  
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): 0.32 <0.3
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 4.5 6.0
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): Unlimited 167
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 4.1 6.0
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 10 23
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 4.2 6.0
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 7 21
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.21 seconds 0.09 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR): 2.29 seconds  
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR): 0.519 seconds 0.071 seconds
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.067 seconds 0.087 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.25 seconds 0.25 seconds
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.067 seconds 0.068 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Live View: Full autofocus: 2.294s Prefocused: 0.519s  
Startup Time: 0.3 seconds 0.4 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.3 seconds 0.2 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 2.2 seconds 3.1 seconds
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):   270 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 850 shots 600 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary EN-EL3e, optional MB-D80 battery pack Proprietary
Usable Battery Types: Lithium Ion rechargeable LP-E17 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary EN-EL3e Lithium Ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary LP-E17 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No No
Software
Included Software: PictureProject CD-ROM  
OS Compatibility: Windows, Mac OS  
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: Live View with Face Detection, Dust Reduction, HDMI Output, Scene Recognition System, Active D-Lighting, Picture Control, Extensive In-camera Editing, GPS support.