• APS-C 372.9mm2
  • 12.3 megapixels
  • ISO 200 - 3200
  • 4/3 224.9mm2
  • 16.0 megapixels
  • ISO 200 - 25,600
  • Detailed specifications
  • Nikon D90
  • Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX85
Links
Prices:   Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website
Nikon D90 webpage
Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Nikon D80
D80 vs D90
Panasonic GX7
GX7 vs GX85
Successor: Nikon D7000
D90 vs D7000
 
General
Model Number: D90 GX85
Alternate Model Number(s):   GX80, GX7 Mark II
Camera Format: SLR Compact System Camera
Currently Manufactured: No Yes
Retail Price: $1299.95 $799.99
Street Price:   $597.99
Date Available: 2008-09-15 2016-05-30
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 40.0 oz (1,133 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
17.6 oz (498 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
Size: 5.2 x 4.1 x 3.0 in.
(132 x 103 x 77 mm)
4.8 x 2.8 x 1.7 in.
(122 x 71 x 44 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS Live MOS
Sensor Manufacturer:   Panasonic
Effective Megapixels: 12.3 16.0
Sensor Format: APS-C 4/3
Sensor size: 372.88mm2 (23.60mm x 15.80mm) 224.9mm2 (17.30mm x 13.00mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 5.50 microns 3.77 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.5x 2.0x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 4:3
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed None
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No Yes
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No No
DxO Sensor Score: 73 71
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 22.7 22.9
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 12.5 12.6
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 977 662
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4288 x 2848 (12.2 MP, Other),
3216 x 2136 (6.9 MP, Other),
2144 x 1424 (3.1 MP, Other)
4592 x 3448 (15.8 MP, 4:3),
4592 x 3064 (14.1 MP, 3:2),
4592 x 2584 (11.9 MP, 16:9),
3424 x 3424 (11.7 MP, 1:1),
3232 x 2424 (7.8 MP, 4:3),
3232 x 2160 (7.0 MP, 3:2),
3232 x 1824 (5.9 MP, Other),
2416 x 2416 (5.8 MP, 1:1),
2272 x 1704 (3.9 MP, 4:3),
2272 x 1520 (3.5 MP, Other),
1920 x 1080 (2.1 MP, 16:9),
1712 x 1712 (2.9 MP, 1:1),
1824 x 1368 (2.5 MP, 4:3),
1824 x 1216 (2.2 MP, 3:2),
1824 x 1024 (1.9 MP, 16:9),
1712 x 1712 (2.9 MP, 1:1)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.21), NEF (RAW), 12-bit; RAW+JPEG JPEG (EXIF 2.3), RAW (RW2), RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 4.5 10.5
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1280x720 (24)
640x424 (24)
320x216 (24)
3840x2160 (30p/24p)
1920x1080 (60p/60i/30p/24p)
1280x720 (30p)
640x480 (30p)
Movie File Format: AVI (Motion JPEG) AVCHD (Audio format: Dolby Digital 2ch) / MP4 (Audio format AAC 2ch)
Composite Video Out: Yes No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: Yes n/a
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Nikon F Micro Four Thirds
Lens: Nikkor AF-S 18-105mm f/3.5 -5.6G ED VR Panasonic LUMIX G VARIO 12-32mm f/3.5-5.6 ASPH. MEGA O.I.S. (H-FS12032); 8 elements in 7 groups (3 aspherical lenses, 1 ED)
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 27 - 158mm 24 - 64mm
Focal Length (actual): 18 - 105mm 12 - 32mm
Zoom Ratio: 5.80x 2.67x
Aperture Range: f/3.5 -22 (W), f/5.6 -38 (T) f/3.5 (wide) / f/5.6 (tele) - f/22; 7 diaphragm blades (circular)
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 45 cm to Infinity
17.7 in to Infinity
20 cm to Infinity
7.9 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 67.0mm 37.0mm
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes Yes
Digital Zoom: No Yes
Digital Zoom Values: n/a 2x, 4x
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: 11 point TTL phase detection with 3D focus tracking by Nikon Multi-CAM 1000 Contrast Detection: Face detection, AF Tracking, 49-area-focusing, Custom Multi, 1-area-focusing, Pinpoint; Quick AF, Continuous AF, AF+MF, Eye Sensor AF, Touch AF/AE Function, Touch Pad AF, Touch shutter, Touch MF Assist
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD EVF / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; fixed eye-level pentaprism, 96% coverage, 0.94x mag., 19.5mm eyepoint, -2 to +1 diopter EVF: 2,764,800 dots equivalent LCD, 100% coverage, 1.39x / 0.7x (35mm eq.) magnification, 17.5mm eyepoint, -4.0 to +3.0 diopter range, eye sensor (high/low sensitivity)
Focus Peaking: No Yes
EVF Resolution: n/a 921,600 dots
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.63x 0.70x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.94x 1.39x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 921,600 dots (307,200 px) 1,040,000 dots (347,000 px)
Touchscreen: No Yes
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No No
Selfie Screen: No No
Max Playback Zoom: 27.0x 16.0x
Top Deck Display: Yes No
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 3200 25600
Minimum ISO (native): 200 200
ISO Settings: Auto, ISO 200-3200, Lo-1=100, Hi-1=6400 Auto, Intelligent ISO, 100 (extended), 200 - 25600; in 1 or 1/3 EV steps
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, 7 manual modes with fine tuning, color temperature Auto, Daylight, Cloudy, Shade, Incandescent, Flash, White Set 1/2/3/4, Color Temperature Setting (2,500-10,000K in 100K steps)
Shutter Speed Range: 1/4000 - 30 sec 1/16000 - 60 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 3D Color Matrix Metering II (420-pixel RGB), Center-weighted, Spot 1728-zone Intelligent Multiple, Center-weighted, Spot
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait Scene: Clear Portrait, Silky Skin, Backlit Softness, Clear in Backlight, Relaxing Tone, Sweet Child's Face, Distinct Scenery, Bright Blue Sky, Romantic Sunset Glow, Vivid Sunset Glow, Glistening Water, Clear Nightscape, Cool Night Sky, Warm Glowing Nightscape, Artistic Nightscape, Glittering Illuminations, Handheld Night Shot, Clear Night Portrait, Soft Image of a Flower, Appetizing Food, Cute Dessert, Freeze Animal Motion, Clear Sports Shot, Monochrome; Creative Control: Expressive, Retro, Old Days, High Key, Low Key, Sepia, Monochrome, Dynamic Monochrome, Rough Monochrome, Silky Monochrome, Impressive Art, High Dynamic, Cross Process, Toy Effect, Toy Pop, Bleach Bypass, Miniature Effect, Soft Focus, Fantasy, Star Filter, One Point Color, Sunshine; Panorama
Self Timer: 2 to 20 seconds 2, 10, 3 shots in 10 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):   Yes
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes Yes
Flash Modes: Front-Curtain Sync, Red-Eye Reduction, Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync, Slow Sync, and Rear-Curtain Sync; supports Advanced Wireless Lighting system Auto, Auto/Red-eye Reduction, Forced On, Forced On/Red-eye Reduction, Slow Sync., Slow Sync./Red-eye Reduction, Forced Off; 1st. Curtain Sync, 2nd Curtain Sync
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 12.0 m / 39.4 ft. 4.2 m / 13.8 ft.
Flash Range Description: Lens dependent GN=4.2m (13.8 feet) at ISO 100
Max Flash Sync: 1/200 1/160
Flash Exposure Compensation: -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe Hot Shoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: Full TTL exposure No
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support: No UHS support UHS-I
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No No
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: NEF (RAW), 12-bit; RAW+JPEG RAW (RW2), RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format: AVI (Motion JPEG) AVCHD (Audio format: Dolby Digital 2ch) / MP4 (Audio format AAC 2ch)
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No Yes
NFC: No No
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: No No
Headphone Jack: No No
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: Yes Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional wired or wireless Via Wi-Fi
Connections (extended): HDMI Out, DC In, 10-pin Accessory Port Micro HDMI (Type-D), Micro-B USB 2.0
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 0.36 0.44
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 0.35  
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 13  
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): 0.32 0.43
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No Yes
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 4.5 10.5
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): Unlimited Unlimited
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 4.1 10.6
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 10 44
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 4.2 10.6
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 7 40
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.21 seconds 0.19 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR): 2.29 seconds  
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR): 0.519 seconds  
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.067 seconds 0.065 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.25 seconds 0.42 seconds
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.067 seconds 0.064 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Live View: Full autofocus: 2.294s Prefocused: 0.519s  
Startup Time: 0.3 seconds 0.9 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.3 seconds 0.6 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 2.2 seconds 2.0 seconds
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):   290 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 850 shots 270 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary EN-EL3e, optional MB-D80 battery pack Proprietary
Usable Battery Types: Lithium Ion rechargeable 7.2v, 1025mAh Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary EN-EL3e Lithium Ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes No
Internal Charging Supported: No Yes
Software
Included Software: PictureProject CD-ROM PHOTOfunSTUDIO and SILKYPIX Developer available as free downloads
OS Compatibility: Windows, Mac OS  
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: Live View with Face Detection, Dust Reduction, HDMI Output, Scene Recognition System, Active D-Lighting, Picture Control, Extensive In-camera Editing, GPS support. Available in silver or black.