• 1/1.7 inch 43.3mm2
  • 12.2 megapixels
  • 28.00mm - 200.00mm (35mm eq.)
  • 1 inch 116.2mm2
  • 20.2 megapixels
  • 24.00mm - 100.00mm (35mm eq.)
  • Detailed specifications
  • Nikon Coolpix P7800
  • Canon PowerShot G7 X
Links
Prices: Compare Prices Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Nikon P7700
P7700 vs P7800
 
Successor:   Canon G7X Mark II
G7X vs G7X Mark II
General
Model Number: P7800 G7X
Alternate Model Number(s):    
Camera Format: Mid-Sized Compact
Currently Manufactured: No No
Retail Price: $549.95 $699.99
Street Price: $499.95 $601.00
Date Available: 2013-09-30 2014-10-15
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 14.1 oz (399 g)
includes batteries
10.7 oz (302 g)
includes batteries
Size: 4.7 x 3.1 x 2.0 in.
(119 x 78 x 50 mm)
4.1 x 2.4 x 1.6 in.
(103 x 60 x 40 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer:    
Effective Megapixels: 12.2 20.2
Sensor Format: 1/1.7 inch 1 inch
Sensor size: 43.32mm2 (7.6mm x 5.7mm) 116.16mm2 (13.20mm x 8.80mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 1.90 microns 2.41 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: n/a 2.7x
Aspect Ratio: 4:3 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter:   Fixed
Self-Cleaning: No No
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No No
DxO Sensor Score: 54 71
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 21.2 23.0
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 11.7 12.7
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 200 556
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4000 x 3000 (12.0 MP, 4:3),
3984 x 2656 (10.6 MP, 3:2),
3968 x 2232 (8.9 MP, 16:9),
3000 x 3000 (9.0 MP, 1:1),
3264 x 2448 (8.0 MP, 4:3),
2272 x 1704 (3.9 MP, 4:3),
1600 x 1200 (1.9 MP, 4:3),
640 x 480 (0.3 MP, 4:3)
5472 x 3648 (20.0 MP, 3:2),
4320 x 2880 (12.4 MP, 3:2),
2304 x 1536 (3.5 MP, 3:2),
720 x 480 (0.3 MP, 3:2),
5472 x 3080 (16.9 MP, 16:9),
4320 x 2432 (10.5 MP, 16:9),
1920 x 1080 (2.1 MP, 16:9),
720 x 408 (0.3 MP, Other),
4864 x 3648 (17.7 MP, 4:3),
3840 x 2880 (11.1 MP, 4:3),
2048 x 1536 (3.1 MP, 4:3),
640 x 480 (0.3 MP, 4:3),
3648 x 3648 (13.3 MP, 1:1),
2880 x 2880 (8.3 MP, 1:1),
1536 x 1536 (2.4 MP, 1:1),
480 x 480 (0.2 MP, 1:1),
2912 x 3648 (10.6 MP, Other),
2304 x 2880 (6.6 MP, Other),
1232 x 1536 (1.9 MP, Other),
384 x 480 (0.2 MP, Other)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.3), MPO, 12-bit RAW (.NRW), RAW+JPEG JPEG (EXIF 2.3), 12-bit RAW (.CR2), RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 8.5 6.6
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1920x1080 (30p/15p)
1280x720 (30p/60p)
640x480 (30p/120p)
1920x1080 (60p/30p)
1280x720 (30p)
640x480 (30p)
1920x1080 (30p/15p)
1280x720 (6p/3p/1.5p)
640x480 (6p/3p/1.5p)
Movie File Format: MOV (Video: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264, Audio: AAC stereo) MP4 (Image: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264; Audio: MPEG-4 AAC-LC (Stereo))
Composite Video Out: Yes Yes
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes Yes
Video Usable as Viewfinder:
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: n/a n/a
Lens: Zoom-Nikkor ED VR; 13 elements in 10 groups, inc. 2 ED elements Canon Zoom Lens
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 28 - 200mm 24 - 100mm
Focal Length (actual): 6 - 42.8mm 8.8 - 36.8mm
Zoom Ratio: 7.10x 4.20x
Aperture Range: f/2.0 (wide) / f/4.0 (tele) - f/8.0; 7-blade iris diaphragm f/1.8 (W) / f2.8 (T) - f/11, with 9-blade aperture; built-in 3-stop ND filter
Integrated ND Filter: Yes Yes
Normal Focus Range: 50 cm to Infinity
19.7 in to Infinity
5 cm to Infinity
2.0 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range: 2 cm to Infinity
0.8 in to Infinity
5 - 50 cm
2.0 - 19.7 in
Filter Thread: 40.5mm n/a
Thread Type: On lens n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes Yes
Digital Zoom: Yes Yes
Digital Zoom Values: Up to 4x Up to 4x
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: Contrast Detect: Auto (9-area automatic selection), Center, Face priority, Manual with 99 focus areas, Subject tracking Contrast Detect AF with Face Detection; 31-point AiAF, 1-point (center for face select and track)
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: EVF / LCD No / LCD
Viewfinder Type: 921K-dot eye-level electronic viewfinder  
Focus Peaking: No Yes
EVF Resolution: 921,600 dots (307,200 pixels) n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent):    
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed):    
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes No
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 921,600 dots (230,400 px) 1,040,000 dots (345,600 px)
Touchscreen: No Yes
Articulating Screen: Yes Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: Yes No
Selfie Screen: Yes Yes
Max Playback Zoom: 10.0x  
Top Deck Display: No No
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 3200 12800
Minimum ISO (native): 80 125
ISO Settings: Auto, Auto (80-200), Auto (80-400), Auto (80-800), 80, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600; 3200 and Hi 1=6400 (available when using P, S, A or M mode) Auto, ISO 125-12800 in 1/3 EV steps
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto 1 (Normal), Auto 2 (Warm), Cloudy, Daylight, Fluorescent (1/2/3), Incandescent, Cloudy, Flash, Manual (3 presets), Fine Tune By Kelvin Color Temperature Setting Auto, Daylight, Cloudy, Tungsten, Fluorescent, Fluorescent H, Flash, Underwater, Custom 1, Custom 2, Multi-area White Balance, White Balance Correction (Underwater mode), White Balance Correction
Shutter Speed Range: 1/4000 - 60 sec 1/2000 - 250 sec
Bulb Mode: No No
Exposure Compensation: +/- 3.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 3.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 224-segment Matrix, Center-Weighted, Spot; metering can be focus-coupled Evaluative, Center-weighted average, Spot (linked to AF frame), Face Detect AE
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Portrait, Landscape, Sports, Night portrait, Party/indoor, Beach, Snow, Sunset, Dusk/dawn, Night landscape (including hand-held option), Close-up, Food, Museum, Fireworks show, Black and white copy, Backlighting, Easy Panorama, Pet portrait; plus Special effects (Creative monochrome, Painting, Zoom exposure, Defocus during exposure, Cross process, Soft, Nostalgic sepia, High key, Low key, Selective color), HDR, Active D-Lighting Scene Modes: Portrait, Smart Shutter, Star, Handheld Night Scene, Underwater, Snow, Fireworks; Filters: High Dynamic Range, Nostalgic, Fisheye Effect, Miniature Effect, Toy Camera Effect, Background Defocus, Soft Focus, Monochrome, Super Vivid, Poster Effect; Star Portrait, Star Nightscape, Star Trails, Star Time-Lapse Movie
Self Timer: 10 or 2 seconds 1 - 30 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer): Yes No
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes Yes
Flash Modes: Auto, Auto with red-eye reduction, Fill flash, Manual (1/64 - full power), Slow sync, Rear curtain sync, Commander Auto, Flash On, Slow Synchro, Flash Off
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): n/a n/a
Flash Range Description: Auto ISO: [W]: 0.5 to 10m (1ft. 8 in. to 32 ft.); [T]: 0.5 to 5.5m (1ft. 8 in. to 18ft.) Auto ISO: 1.6 ft. (50 cm) - 23 ft. (7.0 m) (W), 1.3 ft. (40 cm) - 13 ft. (4.0 m) (T)
Max Flash Sync: 1/4000 1/2000
Flash Exposure Compensation: +/- 2.0 EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 2.0 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe (iTTL) n/a
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: Full TTL exposure No
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC / SDXC SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support:   UHS-I
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No No
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: 12-bit RAW (.NRW), RAW+JPEG 12-bit RAW (.CR2), RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format: MOV (Video: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264, Audio: AAC stereo) MP4 (Image: MPEG-4 AVC/H.264; Audio: MPEG-4 AAC-LC (Stereo))
Included Memory: 86.0 MB No memory included
Included Memory Type: Internal  
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No Yes
NFC: No Yes
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: Yes No
Headphone Jack: No No
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: Yes Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional IR, RF or wired remote Via Wi-Fi
Connections (extended): Mini HDMI, 3.5mm Stereo Microphone Jack, Accessory Port Micro HDMI (Type D)
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 1.59 0.90
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 3.31  
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): Unlimited  
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): 3.60 1.25
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 8.5 6.6
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 6 14
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 8.4 1.2
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 6 4
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 8.5 1.0
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 6 2
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.42 seconds 0.20 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele): 0.53 seconds 0.18 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR):    
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR):    
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.340 seconds 0.219 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.49 seconds 0.89 seconds
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.140 seconds 0.097 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes):    
Startup Time: 1.8 seconds 1.7 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 2.1 seconds 1.4 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 3.4 seconds 6.2 seconds
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View): 350 shots 210 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF):    
Battery Life, Video:   40 minutes
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary EN-EL14 Proprietary NB-13L
Usable Battery Types: Lithium-ion rechargeable Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary EN-EL14 Lithium-ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary NB-13L Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No No
Software
Included Software: Nikon ViewNX 2 CD-ROM  
OS Compatibility:    
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: High-res 921K-dot EVF, articulating 921K-dot RGBW LCD, VR optical image stabilization, 1080p Full HD video capture, 8 fps full-resolution burst mode, compatible with WU-1A Wi-Fi adapter. 1"-type 20.2MP sensor, f/1.8-2.8 4.2x zoom lens, DIGIC 6 image processor, 1040K-dot tilting touchscreen, 1080p60 videos, built-in Wi-Fi.