• APS-C 369.0mm2
  • 14.8 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 6400
  • APS-C 337.5mm2
  • 20.2 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 12,800
  • Detailed specifications
  • Sigma SD1 Merrill
  • Canon EOS 70D
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Prices: Compare Prices Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Predecessor:   Canon 60D
60D vs 70D
Successor:   Canon 80D
70D vs 80D
General
Model Number: SD1 Merrill 70D
Alternate Model Number(s): SD1  
Camera Format: Pro SLR SLR
Currently Manufactured: Yes No
Retail Price: $2299.00 $1550.00
Street Price: $1,799.00 $999.00
Date Available: 2011-06-01 2013-09-15
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 28.1 oz (796 g)
includes batteries
43.5 oz (1,233 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
Size: 5.7 x 4.5 x 3.1 in.
(146 x 114 x 80 mm)
5.5 x 4.1 x 3.1 in.
(139 x 104 x 79 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer: Foveon X3 Canon
Effective Megapixels: 14.8 20.2
Sensor Format: APS-C APS-C
Sensor size: 368.95mm2 (23.50mm x 15.70mm) 337.5mm2 (22.50mm x 15.00mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 5.00 microns 4.11 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.5x 1.6x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: Full Color RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Not needed Fixed
Self-Cleaning: No Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No Yes
DxO Sensor Score:   68
DxO Color Depth Score (bits):   22.5
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs):   11.6
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso):   926
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4704 x 3136 (14.8 MP, 3:2),
3264 x 2176 (7.1 MP, 3:2),
2336 x 1568 (3.7 MP, Other)
5472 x 3648 (20.0 MP, 3:2),
3468 x 2432 (8.4 MP, Other),
2736 x 1824 (5.0 MP, 3:2),
1920 x 1280 (2.5 MP, 3:2),
720 x 480 (0.3 MP, 3:2),
4864 x 3648 (17.7 MP, 4:3),
3248 x 2432 (7.9 MP, Other),
2432 x 1824 (4.4 MP, 4:3),
1696 x 1280 (2.2 MP, 4:3),
640 x 480 (0.3 MP, 4:3),
5472 x 3072 (16.8 MP, 16:9),
3468 x 2048 (7.1 MP, Other),
2736 x 1536 (4.2 MP, 16:9),
1920 x 1080 (2.1 MP, 16:9),
720 x 408 (0.3 MP, Other),
3648 x 3648 (13.3 MP, 1:1),
2432 x 2432 (5.9 MP, 1:1),
1824 x 1824 (3.3 MP, 1:1),
1280 x 1280 (1.6 MP, 1:1),
480 x 480 (0.2 MP, 1:1)
Image File Format: JPEG, RAW (.X3F), RAW + JPEG JPEG (EXIF 2.3), 14-bit .CR2 RAW, mRAW, sRAW, RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 4.1 6.7
Video Capture
Can take movies: No Yes
Movie Resolution: 1920x1080 (30p/​25p/​24p)
1280x720 (60p/​50p)
640x480 (30p/​25p)
Movie File Format:   MOV (Video: H.264 Intra-Frame / Inter-Frame, Audio: Stereo Linear PCM)
Composite Video Out: Yes Yes
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes Yes
Video Usable as Viewfinder: No Yes
HD Video Out: No Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Sigma SA bayonet Canon EF/EF-S
Lens: Sigma 17-50mm f/2.8 EX DC OS HSM Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 26 - 75mm 29 - 216mm
Focal Length (actual): 17 - 50mm 18 - 135mm
Zoom Ratio: 2.90x 7.50x
Aperture Range: f/2.8 - f/22 (W/T) f/3.5 - f/22 (wide) / f/5.6 - f/36 (tele)
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 28 cm to Infinity
11.0 in to Infinity
39 cm to Infinity
15.4 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 77.0mm 67.0mm
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes Yes
Digital Zoom: No Yes
Digital Zoom Values: n/a 3-10x available during movie recording only
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: Phase-detection with 11-point Twin Cross AF Sensor; Single AF, Continuous AF (with AF motion prediction function), Manual OVF: AF-dedicated CMOS sensor, 19-points, all cross-type AF points, center dual cross-type point for f/2.8; Live View: Dual-Pixel CMOS AF
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD (playback only) Optical / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; Pentaprism, 98% coverage, 0.95x magnification, 18mm eyepoint, -3 to +1.5 diopter SLR type; eye-level pentaprism, 98% coverage, 0.95x magnification, 22mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter
Focus Peaking: No No
EVF Resolution: n/a n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.63x 0.59x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.95x 0.95x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 460,000 dots 1,040,000 dots (346,600 px)
Touchscreen: No Yes
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No Yes
Selfie Screen: No Yes
Max Playback Zoom:   10.0x
Top Deck Display: No Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 6400 12800
Minimum ISO (native): 100 100
ISO Settings: 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400 Auto, 100 - 12800 in 1/3 or 1EV steps, Expandable to 25600
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, Daylight, Shade, Overcast, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Flash and Custom Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White Fluorescent, Flash, Custom, Kelvin 2,500K - 10,000K
Shutter Speed Range: 1/8000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 3.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 77-segment Evaluative, Center-Weighted Average, Center Area, Spot Metering; EV 1 to 20 (50mm F1.4 : ISO100) 63-zone (dual layer) Evaluative, Center-weighted, Partial (7.7%), Spot (3.0%)
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes:   Creative Auto, Scene (Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait, Handheld Night Scene, HDR Backlight Control), No Flash, Custom User Setting, High Dynamic Range, Multiple Exposure, Creative Filters (Art Bold, Fish-eye, Water-painting, Grainy Black and White, Soft Focus, Toy Camera and Miniature)
Self Timer: 2 or 10 seconds 10 or 2 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):   No
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes Yes
Flash Modes: S-TTL (17mm lens angle covered) E-TTL II, Manual; wireless slave flash supported via built-in flash
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 11.0 m / 36.1 ft. 12.0 m / 39.4 ft.
Flash Range Description: Lens aperture dependent. Lens aperture dependent; GN= 12m (39.4 ft.) at ISO 100, works out to about 11.2 feet at f/3.5 and 7 feet at f/5.6
Max Flash Sync: 1/180 1/250
Flash Exposure Compensation: +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe, PC Sync socket Hot Shoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control:   Full TTL exposure
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: CF1 SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support:   UHS-I
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No No
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: RAW (.X3F), RAW + JPEG 14-bit .CR2 RAW, mRAW, sRAW, RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format:   MOV (Video: H.264 Intra-Frame / Inter-Frame, Audio: Stereo Linear PCM)
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No Yes
NFC: No No
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: No Yes
Headphone Jack: No No
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: No Yes
DPOF Compliant: No Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional RS-31 IR Wireless, CR-21 Wired Optional wired, IR wireless or Wi-Fi
Connections (extended): Wired Remote, DC Input jacks Mini (Type-C) HDMI, 3.5mm Microphone Jack, Wired Remote Jack
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 0.78 <0.3
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 0.78 0.33
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 7 Unlimited
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot):   0.32
Camera penalizes early shutter press? Yes No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 4.1 6.7
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 7 65
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   6.7
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames):   14
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   6.7
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames):   7
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.38 seconds 0.08 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR):   0.65 seconds
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR):   0.059 seconds
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.244 seconds 0.075 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.52 seconds 0.16 seconds
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.088 seconds 0.059 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Full Autofocus Lag: Auto Area AF = 0.466s OVF: Auto Selection AF lag = 0.093s LV: "Quick Mode"(Phase Detect) Single-point AF lag = 0.506s FlexiZone AF, Single-point AF lag = 0.652s Prefocused lag = 0.059s
Startup Time: 4.5 seconds 0.7 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.5 seconds 0.1 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power:   1.2 seconds
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):   210 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF):   920 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary BP-21 Proprietary
Usable Battery Types: Lithium-ion rechargeable LP-E6 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary BP-21 Lithium-ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary LP-E6 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No
Software
Included Software: Sigma Photo Pro 5.0 Canon Solutions Disc (EOS Utility, ZoomBrowser EX/ImageBrowser, Digital Photo Professional.Picture Style Editor, Movie Edit Task, PhotoStitch, Memory Card utility,)
OS Compatibility:   Windows, Mac OS X
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: 46-megapixel 23.5 x 15.7mm APS-C full-color sensor, weather-resistant magnesium alloy body, dual "TRUE II" image processing engines, 11-point Twin Cross AF sensor, CompactFlash Type 1 with UDMA support. New 20.2-megapixel APS-C Canon CMOS sensor, Dual-Pixel CMOS AF system for Live View and movie modes, Full HD 1080p videos at up to 30fps in ALL-I or IPB, DIGIC 5+ image processor, 7fps burst mode, built-in Wi-Fi.