• APS-C 369.0mm2
  • 14.8 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 6400
  • APS-C 366.6mm2
  • 24.1 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 6400
  • Detailed specifications
  • Sigma SD1 Merrill
  • Nikon D7100
Links
Prices: Compare Prices Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Nikon D7100 webpage
Predecessor:   Nikon D7000
D7000 vs D7100
Successor:   Nikon D7200
D7100 vs D7200
General
Model Number: SD1 Merrill D7100
Alternate Model Number(s): SD1  
Camera Format: Pro SLR Pro SLR
Currently Manufactured: Yes No
Retail Price: $2299.00 $1599.95
Street Price: $1,799.00 $809.95
Date Available: 2011-06-01 2013-03-30
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 28.1 oz (796 g)
includes batteries
43.1 oz (1,222 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
Size: 5.7 x 4.5 x 3.1 in.
(146 x 114 x 80 mm)
5.3 x 4.2 x 3.0 in.
(136 x 107 x 76 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer: Foveon X3 Toshiba
Effective Megapixels: 14.8 24.1
Sensor Format: APS-C APS-C
Sensor size: 368.95mm2 (23.50mm x 15.70mm) 366.6mm2 (23.50mm x 15.60mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 5.00 microns 3.92 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.5x 1.5x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: Full Color RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Not needed None
Self-Cleaning: No Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No No
DxO Sensor Score:   83
DxO Color Depth Score (bits):   24.2
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs):   13.7
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso):   1,256
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4704 x 3136 (14.8 MP, 3:2),
3264 x 2176 (7.1 MP, 3:2),
2336 x 1568 (3.7 MP, Other)
6000 x 4000 (24.0 MP, 3:2),
4494 x 3000 (13.5 MP, 3:2),
2992 x 2000 (6.0 MP, 3:2),
4800 x 3200 (15.4 MP, 3:2),
3600 x 2400 (8.6 MP, 3:2),
2400 x 1600 (3.8 MP, 3:2)
Image File Format: JPEG, RAW (.X3F), RAW + JPEG JPEG (EXIF 2.3), NEF (RAW), 12 or 14 bit, RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 4.1 5.9
Video Capture
Can take movies: No Yes
Movie Resolution: 1920x1080 (30p/​25p/​24p)
1920x1080 (60i/​50i (1.3x crop))
1280x720 (60p/​50p)
640x424 (30p/​25p)
Movie File Format:   MOV (Video: H.264/MPEG-4 AVC; Audio: Stereo Linear PCM)
Composite Video Out: Yes Yes
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes Yes
Video Usable as Viewfinder: No Yes
HD Video Out: No Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Sigma SA bayonet Nikon F
Lens: Sigma 17-50mm f/2.8 EX DC OS HSM Nikkor AF-S 18-105mm f/3.5 -5.6G ED VR
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 26 - 75mm 27 - 158mm
Focal Length (actual): 17 - 50mm 18 - 105mm
Zoom Ratio: 2.90x 5.80x
Aperture Range: f/2.8 - f/22 (W/T) f/3.5 -22 (W), f/5.6 -38 (T)
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 28 cm to Infinity
11.0 in to Infinity
45 cm to Infinity
17.7 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 77.0mm 67.0mm
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes Yes
Digital Zoom: No No
Digital Zoom Values: n/a n/a
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: Phase-detection with 11-point Twin Cross AF Sensor; Single AF, Continuous AF (with AF motion prediction function), Manual 51 point (15 cross-type sensors, center f/8 compatible) TTL phase detection with 3D focus tracking by Nikon Multi-CAM 3500 DX; Contrast-detect AF in Live View & Movie modes
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD (playback only) Optical / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; Pentaprism, 98% coverage, 0.95x magnification, 18mm eyepoint, -3 to +1.5 diopter SLR type: eye-level pentaprism, 100% coverage, 0.94x mag., 19.5mm eyepoint, -2 to +1 diopter, OLED overlay display
Focus Peaking: No No
EVF Resolution: n/a n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.63x 0.63x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.95x 0.94x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.2
Rear Display Resolution: 460,000 dots 1,228,800 dots (307,200 px)
Touchscreen: No No
Articulating Screen: No No
Tilt Swivel Screen: No No
Selfie Screen: No No
Max Playback Zoom:    
Top Deck Display: No Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 6400 6400
Minimum ISO (native): 100 100
ISO Settings: 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400 Auto, 100-6400, Hi-1=12800, Hi-2=25600
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, Daylight, Shade, Overcast, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Flash and Custom Auto, Cloudy, Shade, Direct Sunlight, Flash, Fluorescent (7 types), Incandescent, Kelvin Color Temperature, Preset manual (up to 3); Fine tuning available.
Shutter Speed Range: 1/8000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 3.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 77-segment Evaluative, Center-Weighted Average, Center Area, Spot Metering; EV 1 to 20 (50mm F1.4 : ISO100) 3D Color Matrix Metering II, Center-weighted, Spot (2.5%), with 2016-pixel RGB sensor
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes:   Scene: Portrait, landscape, child, sports, close-up, night portrait, night landscape, party/indoor, beach/snow, sunset, dusk/dawn, pet portrait, candlelight, blossom, autumn colors, food; Effects: silhouette, high key, low key, night vision, color sketch, miniature effect, selective color; Active D-Lighting; HDR.
Self Timer: 2 or 10 seconds 2 to 20 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):   Yes
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes Yes
Flash Modes: S-TTL (17mm lens angle covered) Front-Curtain Sync, Red-Eye Reduction, Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync, Slow Sync, and Rear-Curtain Sync; supports Advanced Wireless Lighting system
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 11.0 m / 36.1 ft. 12.0 m / 39.4 ft.
Flash Range Description: Lens aperture dependent. Lens dependent (GN=12m/39ft at ISO 100)
Max Flash Sync: 1/180 1/250 (up to 1/320s with lower flash range)
Flash Exposure Compensation: +/- 3.0 EV in 0.3EV steps -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe, PC Sync socket Hot Shoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control:   Full TTL exposure
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: CF1 SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support:   UHS-I
Other Memory:   Dual slots, UHS-I compatible
Dual Card Slots: No Yes
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: RAW (.X3F), RAW + JPEG NEF (RAW), 12 or 14 bit, RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format:   MOV (Video: H.264/MPEG-4 AVC; Audio: Stereo Linear PCM)
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No No
NFC: No No
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: No Yes
Headphone Jack: No Yes
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed
PictBridge Compliant: No Yes
DPOF Compliant: No Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional RS-31 IR Wireless, CR-21 Wired Optional: wired or wireless
Connections (extended): Wired Remote, DC Input jacks Type-C Mini HDMI, Accessory Terminal, Stereo Microphone Jack, Stereo Headphone Jack
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 0.78 0.54
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 0.78 0.53
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 7 Unlimited
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot):   0.52
Camera penalizes early shutter press? Yes No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 4.1 5.9
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 7 12
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   5.3
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames):   5
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   4.9
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames):   5
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.38 seconds 0.25 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR):   1.94 seconds
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR):   0.248 seconds
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.244 seconds 0.055 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.52 seconds 0.30 seconds
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.088 seconds 0.054 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Full Autofocus Lag: Auto Area AF = 0.466s OVF: Full AF shutter lag, Wide-area mode = 0.522s Live View: Full AF shutter lag (AF-S) = 1.935s Full AF shutter lag (AF-F) = 1.823s Prefocused = 0.248
Startup Time: 4.5 seconds 0.3 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.5 seconds 0.3 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power:   4.0 seconds
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):    
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF):   950 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary BP-21 Proprietary EN-EL15, optional MB-D15 battery grip
Usable Battery Types: Lithium-ion rechargeable Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary BP-21 Lithium-ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary EN-EL15 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No
Software
Included Software: Sigma Photo Pro 5.0 Nikon ViewNX 2 CD-ROM
OS Compatibility:   Windows, Mac OS X
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: 46-megapixel 23.5 x 15.7mm APS-C full-color sensor, weather-resistant magnesium alloy body, dual "TRUE II" image processing engines, 11-point Twin Cross AF sensor, CompactFlash Type 1 with UDMA support. 24MP DX sensor with no optical low-pass filter, EXPEED 3 processor, new 51-point AF system (15 cross-type, center compatible with f/8), 6fps full-resolution burst mode, 7fps in new 1.3x crop mode, 1080p30 movies, 1080i60 movies in new 1.3x crop mode.