Nikon S6 Exposure
Nikon Coolpix S6 Exposure
Saturation & Hue Accuracy
Pretty good overall color, with good saturation (though slightly pushed reds, yellows, and blues).
Most consumer digital cameras produce color that's more highly saturated (more intense) than found in the original subjects. This is simply because most people like their color a bit brighter than life. The S6 does oversaturate the strong red and blue tones, but undersaturates bright yellows and yellow-greens. We found its color pleasing on a wide range of typical subjects though. Where oversaturation is most problematic is on Caucasian skin tones, as it's very easy for these "memory colors" to be seen as too bright, too pink, too yellow, etc. Here, the Nikon Coolpix S6 performed well, with only slight warmth, but with the previously mentioned tendency to over-darken the sky.
The other important part of color rendition is hue accuracy. Hue is "what color" the color is. The Nikon S6 showed small color shifts relative to the correct mathematical translation of colors in its subjects, but overall had more hue-accurate color than most consumer cameras we test.
Exposure and White Balance
Indoors, incandescent lighting
Warm casts with both Auto and Incandescent white balance settings, but better than most recent point and shoots. About average exposure compensation required.
|Auto White Balance +1.0 EV||Incandescent WB +1.0 EV|
Color balance indoors under incandescent lighting was just a bit warm and reddish in Auto white balance mode, while the Incandescent setting resulted in a more yellow color balance that actually looked more pleasing overall. Both results are a little better than we've been seeing of late, especially from Auto. The S6 required a +1.0 EV exposure compensation boost to get a good exposure, about average for this shot. Overall color is a bit dark and yellow here, making the blue flowers very dark and purplish. (A very common outcome for this shot.) Our test lighting for this shot is a mixture of 60 and 100 watt household incandescent bulb, a pretty yellow light source, but a very common one in typical home settings here in the U.S.
Good color balance overall, with fairly bright colors. Heightened contrast under bright outdoor conditions.
|Auto White Balance
|Auto White Balance
|Auto White Balance
Outdoor shots generally showed accurate exposure with slightly blown out highlights, and slightly high contrast. The Nikon S6's shadow detail was pretty good, if a little noisy; and though bright, the highlights held onto a lot of detail. Exposure accuracy overall was better than average, the camera requiring slightly less exposure compensation than we're accustomed to seeing with consumer digicams.
High resolution, 1,200 lines of strong detail.
Our laboratory resolution chart revealed sharp, distinct line patterns down to about 1,200 lines per picture height, with extinction at around 1,700. Use these numbers to compare with other cameras of similar resolution, or use them to see just what higher resolution can mean in terms of potential detail. Beware that while you might be able to make out what looks like distinct lines at numbers higher than those we've mentioned here, the camera is just doing its best to continue interpreting the lines.
|Strong detail to 1,200 lines horizontal||Strong detail to 1,200 lines vertical|
Sharpness & Detail
Slightly soft images, though still fairly good detail definition, especially in bright lighting.
|Good definition of high-contrast elements. Some noise suppressive blurring is evident in the bricks.||Subtle detail: Hair
Noise suppression tends to blur detail in areas of subtle contrast, as in the darker parts of Marti's hair here.
The Nikon Coolpix S6's images are moderately sharp overall, though some edge enhancement is visible in high contrast areas like the crop above left. (Edge enhancement creates the illusion of sharpness by enhancing colors and tones right at the edge of a rapid transition in color or tone.) We generally haven't been terribly impressed with the sharpness of any of the current crop of 6 megapixel cameras from a variety of manufacturers, so the Nikon S6's moderate sharpness seems to be more or less in line with that of its competition.
Noise-suppression systems in digital cameras tend to flatten-out detail in areas of subtle contrast. The effects can often be seen in shots of human hair, where the individual strands are lost and an almost "watercolor" look appears. The crop above right shows some noise suppression, as some of the darker areas of Marti's hair do show limited detail. The Nikon S6 does seem a bit more restrained in its noise suppression than many cameras though, as its images look quite detailed when printed out.
ISO & Noise Performance
Low noise at the normal sensitivity settings, higher noise and and some loss of detail at the higher settings.
|ISO 50||ISO 100|
|ISO 200||ISO 400|
The S6's lower ISO settings produced low noise, without noticeable blurring of shadow detail. At ISO 400, image noise is apparent but Nikon's anti-noise processing seems to do a better than average job of preserving an impression of sharpness. (As noted below, we think most consumers would be pleased with 8x10 inch prints from the S6's ISO 400 shots, something relatively few digicams achieve.
Extremes: Sunlit and low light tests
High resolution with good overall detail, and better than average detail in the shadows. Slightly limited low-light abilities, but capable of capturing bright images under average city street lighting and slightly darker conditions at the higher ISO settings.
|+0.3 EV||+0.7 EV||+1.0 EV|
Because digital cameras are more like slide film than negative film (in that they tend to have a more limited tonal range), we test them in the harshest situations to see how they handle scenes with bright highlights and dark shadows, as well as what kind of sensitivity they have in low light. The shot above is designed to mimic the very harsh, contrasty effect of direct noonday sunlight, a very tough challenge for most digital cameras. (You can read details of this test here.)
The S6 produced slightly high contrast in response to the deliberately harsh lighting in the test above. Detail was a bit limited in the strongest highlights, but better than average in the shadows. The best exposure was obtained with a +0.7 EV exposure compensation boost, a bit less than the amount typically required here. It actuality, the correct exposure would have occurred between the +0.3 and +0.7 EV compensation, since one is too dark and the other too light. (In "real life" though, be sure to use fill flash in situations like the one shown above; it's better to shoot in the shade when possible.)
At the Nikon Coolpix S6's lowest ISO setting, images were a bit dim at the one foot-candle light level, which is about equivalent to average city street lighting at night. Increasing the ISO to 200 and 400 extends the camera's capabilities somewhat, meaning that the camera can capture well-exposed images under light levels roughly half those of typical city street scenes at night. Overall color is a hint warm from the Auto white balance setting, but well within acceptable limits. The camera's autofocus system worked well unassisted down to the 1/4 foot-candle light level, and to the darkest light level we test at with the AF assist lamp enabled. Keep in mind that the longer shutter times used by the camera in low lighting require the use of a tripod or other camera support to get sharp photos. (A useful trick is to just prop the camera on a convenient surface, and use its self-timer to release the shutter. This avoids any jiggling from your finger pressing the shutter button, and can work quite well when you don't have a tripod handy.)
Coverage and Range
A limited flash range, and slightly blue cast under incandescent lighting. Our standard shots required less exposure adjustment than average though.
|35mm equivalent||105mm equivalent|
|Normal Flash, +0.7 EV||Slow-Sync Flash, +0.7 EV|
Flash coverage was somewhat uneven at wide angle, more uniform but fairly dim at telephoto. In the Indoor test, the Nikon S6's flash underexposed our subject at its default setting, requiring a +0.7 EV exposure compensation adjustment to get reasonably bright results. This is quite typical for this shot though, and the +0.7 EV of correction the Nikon S6 required is less than average among the cameras we've tested. Combined with the background incandescent lighting, the S6's flash produces a blue cast in areas illuminated only by the flash. (See the blue shadows beneath the flower bouquet in the slow-sync example above.) The camera's Slow-Sync flash mode produced slightly brighter and more even results, though with a stronger pinkish-orange cast from the room lighting, as well as fairly strong blue tints in the shadows. Here too, the camera required a +0.7 EV exposure boost.
With the lens set to full wide angle, results were fairly bright at ISO 100 at the eight foot test distance, though intensity incrementally decreased from there. At the 14-foot test distance, intensity was a little low, though still usable. At full telephoto, intensity was a bit dim at ISO 100 even at eight feet, before decreasing to a very low level
|Manufacturer-Specified Flash Range|
Our standard test method for flash range uses a fixed setting of ISO 100, to provide a fair basis of comparison between cameras. We've now also begun shooting two shots using the manufacturer-specified camera settings, at the range the company claims for the camera, to assess the validity of the specific claims. In the shots above, the Coolpix S6 seems to perform exactly as Nikon says it will, producing good exposures at the rated distances with its ISO set to Auto. While the range is rather limited, the good news here is that the camera isn't significantly boosting its ISO. This would produce greater flash range, but at the cost of higher image noise.
Good print quality, great color, crisp prints at 8x10 inches, usable ones at 11x14. ISO 400 images are soft and noisy at 8x10 inches, acceptable at 5x7, great at 4x6. Higher ISOs are only (barely) suitable for 4x6 inch snapshot prints.
Testing hundreds of digital cameras, we've found that you can only tell just so much about a camera's image quality by viewing its images on-screen. Ultimately, there's no substitute for printing a lot of images and examining them closely. For this reason, we now routinely print sample images from the cameras we test on our Canon i9900 studio printer, and on the Canon iP5200 here in the office. (See the Canon i9900 review for details on that model.)
The Nikon CPS6 produced crisp prints at 8x10 inches, and somewhat softer but still acceptable ones at 11x14. As always though, the real test of print size came at the higher ISO settings. Here, the CPS6's ISO 400 images were soft and noisy when printed at 8x10 inches, acceptable at 5x7 and great at 4x6. ISO 200 shots were noisy but acceptable at 8x10.
Color-wise, the Nikon CPS6 did pretty well, with bright but natural-looking color and good-looking skin tones.
The images above were taken from our standardized test shots. For a collection of more pictorial photos, see our Nikon Coolpix S6 Photo Gallery .
Not sure which camera to buy? Let your eyes be the ultimate judge! Visit our Comparometer(tm) to compare images from the Nikon Coolpix S6 with those from other cameras you may be considering. The proof is in the pictures, so let your own eyes decide which you like best!