Olympus E-510 Exposure
Olympus EVOLT E-510 Exposure
Saturation & Hue Accuracy
Some oversaturation of strong red and blue tones, and undersaturation of some greens, but pleasing overall color.
Saturation. The Olympus EVOLT E-510 oversaturates reds and blues a little, and some yellows. It also undersaturates greens, but results are still pleasing. We did find that shots with a lot of foliage in them had a bit of a blue cast, and saturation was subdued, though. Most consumer digital cameras produce color that's more highly saturated (more intense) than found in the original subjects. This is simply because most people like their color a bit brighter than life.
Skin tones. In this case, the E-510 did render skin tones a bit on the pale, pink side in most cases. Still, results are reasonable. Where oversaturation is most problematic is on Caucasian skin tones, as it's very easy for these "memory colors" to be seen as too bright, too pink, too yellow, etc.
Hue. Overall results here are pretty accurate, though some reds are pushed toward orange, and cyan towards blue. Still, overall color is quite good, closer to accurate than many. The other important part of color rendition is hue accuracy. Hue is "what color" the color is.
| See full set of test images
See thumbnails of all test and gallery images
Exposure and White Balance
Indoors, incandescent lighting
Auto white balance is a quite warm, but Manual and 2,800K white balance settings produce good color, though a bit more than average positive exposure compensation required.
|Auto White Balance +1.3 EV||Incandescent WB +1.3 EV|
|Manual White Balance +1.3 EV||2,800K White Balance +1.3 EV|
Color balance indoors under incandescent lighting was very warm with the Auto white balance setting, though the Manual and 2,8000K options both produced more accurate results. The Incandescent setting was actually pretty good, producing nearly accurate color, though just a hint warm overall. I felt the Manual setting had the most pleasing overall results, as the 2,800K option was just a hint pink. The Olympus EVOLT E-510 required a bit more than the average amount of positive exposure compensation here, at +1.3 EV. Overall color is good, if a tad bit on the pink side, though the blue flowers are very dark. (A common outcome with this shot.) Our test lighting for this shot is a mixture of 60 and 100 watt household incandescent bulbs, a pretty yellow light source, but a very common one in typical home settings here in the U.S. Oddly, the E-510 performed better at this test than the E-410, which is supposed to have the same sensor.
Bright colors overall, though a tendency toward a warm cast and high contrast under harsh lighting. About average exposure accuracy outdoors.
|Auto White Balance,
|Auto White Balance,
Outdoors, the Olympus EVOLT E-510 tended to lose highlight detail under harsh lighting while requiring a slightly below average amount of positive exposure compensation of +0.7 EV. Contrast was quite high, resulting in clipped highlights in Marti's shirt and some of the flowers, and lost shadow detail in the darker areas. This reinforces our dynamic range measurements, which showed that the E-510 has less dynamic range than most SLRs currently on the market. It does seem to be a little better than the E-410, however. The outdoor house shot has good exposure and natural looking color.
Very high resolution, 1,700 lines of strong detail.
|Strong detail to
1,700 lines horizontal
|Strong detail to
1,700 lines vertical
Our laboratory resolution chart revealed sharp, distinct line patterns down to about 1,700 lines per picture height, with extinction past 2,000.
Use these numbers to compare with other cameras of similar resolution, or use them to see just what higher resolution can mean in terms of potential detail. Our interpretation of this standard is somewhat conservative. We watch for artifacts and color fringing then move back to the nearest pure part of the scale. In our opinion, detail with artifacts shouldn't be considered detail. You may see other numbers quoted elsewhere, but across the site, our reviews judge this parameter by the same conservative standard.
Sharpness & Detail
Reasonably sharp images overall, though slightly soft details in some cases. Some noise suppression visible in the deep shadows.
|Despite evidence of edge enhancement, images from the E-510 have a hint of softness overall.||Subtle detail: Hair
Noise suppression tends to blur detail in areas of subtle contrast, as in the darker parts of Marti's hair here.
Sharpness. The Olympus EVOLT E-510 captured fairly sharp images, though details are a hint soft overall. Even in the high contrast shot above, there's only slight edge enhancement visible along the edges of the white house trim. (Edge enhancement creates the illusion of sharpness by enhancing colors and tones right at the edge of a rapid transition in color or tone.)
Detail & Noise suppression. The crop above right shows some visible noise suppression in the shadows, though quite a bit of fine detail in the strands of hair remains visible. Noise-suppression systems in digital cameras tend to flatten-out detail in areas of subtle contrast. The effects can often be seen in shots of human hair, where the individual strands are lost and an almost "watercolor" look appears.
ISO & Noise Performance
Low to moderate noise at the normal sensitivity settings, higher noise with strong blurring at the highest settings.
|ISO 100||ISO 200||ISO 400|
|ISO 800||ISO 1,600|
Noise levels are low to moderate at the Olympus EVOLT E-510's lower sensitivity settings. At ISOs 800 and 1,600, noise is much higher (as you might expect), with stronger blurring, increased chroma noise and a slight shift in color balance. Here we also see a slight difference from the E-410, but in the E-410's favor. The E-510 shows more noise and more noise suppression in this shot.
Extremes: Sunlit and low light tests
High resolution with strong overall detail, though details are slightly soft. High contrast and limited shadow detail, however. Good low-light performance, capable of capturing bright images under average city street lighting and much darker conditions.
|+0.3 EV||+0.7 EV||+1.0 EV|
Sunlight. The Olympus EVOLT E-510 had a hard time with the deliberately harsh lighting of the above test, producing rather high contrast with washed-out highlights and deep shadows. Though Marti's face still looks a little dark at +0.7 EV, I preferred it to the image at +1.0 EV, which had too many blown highlights for my preference. (In "real life" though, be sure to use fill flash in situations like the one shown above; it's better to shoot in the shade when possible.)
We puzzled over the E-510's tone curve a little, much as we did with the E-410. It seemed to have higher contrast (resulting in less preserved detail) in both highlights and shadows than it has in the midtones. This made images harder to tweak without losing highlight or shadow detail (or both). The camera's low-contrast setting seemed to help a fair bit with this though, as it held the highlights and shadows in check, letting the midtones hold a more natural level of contrast.
Note: Because digital cameras are more like slide film than negative film (in that they tend to have a more limited tonal range), we test them in the harshest situations to see how they handle scenes with bright highlights and dark shadows, as well as what kind of sensitivity they have in low light. The shot above is designed to mimic the very harsh, contrasty effect of direct noonday sunlight, a very tough challenge for most digital cameras. (You can read details of this test here.)
Low light. The Olympus EVOLT E-510 performed well here, able to capture usable images down to the 1/16 foot-candle light level (about 1/16 as bright as average city street lighting at night), at all ISO settings. Color balance is just a bit warm from the Auto white balance setting. You'll probably want to keep NR on, as quite a few hot pixels are visible with it off, and there are also some when it's on, depending on the exposure time. The camera's autofocus system was able to focus on the subject down to just below the 1/4 foot-candle light level with its AF assist light turned off, so you'll want to keep it enabled in darker conditions.
NOTE: This low light test is conducted with a stationary subject, and the camera mounted on a sturdy tripod. Most digital cameras will fail miserably when faced with a moving subject in dim lighting. (For example, a child's ballet recital or a holiday pageant in a gymnasium.) For such applications, you may have better luck with a digital SLR camera, but even there, you'll likely need to set the focus manually. (A useful trick is to just prop the camera on a convenient surface, and use its self-timer to release the shutter. This avoids any jiggling from your finger pressing the shutter button, and can work quite well when you don't have a tripod handy.) For information and reviews on digital SLRs, refer to our SLR review index page.
Coverage and Range
A fairly powerful flash, but insufficient for the wide angle lens setting. Our indoor shots required slightly more than average positive compensation in the normal flash mode.
|14mm equivalent||42mm equivalent|
|Normal Flash, +1.3 EV||Slow-Sync Mode, +1.0 EV|
Coverage. Flash coverage was quite uneven at wide angle, though results at telephoto were more uniform. In the Indoor test, the Olympus EVOLT E-510's flash underexposed our subject at its default setting, requiring a higher than average +1.3 EV positive exposure compensation boost. The camera's Slow-Sync flash mode resulted in a more even exposure and a brighter overall image, at +1.0 EV, though the longer shutter time resulted in an orange color cast.
ISO 100 Range. Flash power remains pretty strong to about 15 feet at wide angle, though coverage and power is actually less at the closer 6 and 7-foot distances. At telephoto, the flash is bright to about 10 feet, drops off gradually from there and is quite dim at the 16-foot point.
|Manufacturer-Specified Flash Range|
Manufacturer Specified Flash Range. The E-510's flash is rated with a GN of 12m at ISO 100. That works out to 11.2 feet at f/3.5, and 7 feet at f/5.6. In the wide angle shot above, the E-510 seems to perform every bit as well as Olympus says it will, producing good exposures at the rated distance with its ISO set to 100. At telephoto however, results were a bit dim.
Note: Our standard test method for flash range uses a fixed setting of ISO 100, to provide a fair basis of comparison between cameras. We've now also begun shooting two shots using the manufacturer-specified camera settings, at the range the company claims for the camera, to assess the validity of the specific claims.
Good print quality, great color, great 11x14 inch prints. ISO 1,600 images are surprisingly good at 8x10, even better at 5x7.
Output from the Olympus E-510 was good enough to produce sharp 11x14 inch prints. At 13x19, its prints were softer looking, but perfectly fine for wall or table display. High ISO images were also a nice surprise, with ISO 400 images holding together for very good 11x14 inch prints, and ISO 800 still producing a good 8x10, and ISO 1,600s making 8x10s good enough for wall display, and fine-looking 5x7s.
The E-510's color saturation was a little bright in the reds, but good overall, with relatively little detail lost to noise suppression. Greens were a little dull, summer foliage was a little flat and blue looking, but within an acceptable range. Color also doesn't fade as ISO increases, an admirable and rare trait among image sensors. A very good performance overall.
Note: Testing hundreds of digital cameras, we've found that you can only tell just so much about a camera's image quality by viewing its images on-screen. Ultimately, there's no substitute for printing a lot of images and examining them closely. For this reason, we now routinely print sample images from the cameras we test on our Canon i9900 studio printer, and on the Canon iP5200 here in the office. (See the Canon i9900 review for details on that model.)
The images above were taken from our standardized test shots. For a collection of more pictorial photos, see our Olympus EVOLT E-510 Photo Gallery .
Not sure which camera to buy? Let your eyes be the ultimate judge! Visit our Comparometer(tm) to compare images from the Olympus EVOLT E-510 with those from other cameras you may be considering. The proof is in the pictures, so let your own eyes decide which you like best!