• APS-C 369.7mm2
  • 10.1 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 1600
  • 35mm 861.6mm2
  • 36.3 megapixels
  • ISO 64 - 12,800

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Differences

Canon 40D advantages over Nikon D810

  • Bigger pixels
    ~ 6.10 vs 4.88 microns
    Better low-light and dynamic range (all else equal)
  • Less shutter lag
    0.13 vs 0.21 sec
    Focus and take a photo quickly (wide angle)
  • Has anti-aliasing filter
    Filter vs No Filter
    Reduces unsightly moiré in photos
  • Faster JPEG shooting
    6.4 fps vs 5.1 fps
    Faster JPEG shooting (burst mode)
  • Bigger JPEG buffer
    Unlimited vs 57 shots
    Take more JPEG shots before waiting (burst mode)

Nikon D810 advantages over Canon 40D

  • Larger sensor
    35mm vs APS-C
    More sensor area. Bigger is (generally) better.
  • Better color depth
    25.7 vs 22.1 bits
    Capture richer, more accurate colors
  • Higher effective ISO
    2,853 vs 703 iso
    Take photos in low light with less noise
  • More dynamic range
    14.8 vs 11.3 evs
    Retain detail in highlight and shadows
  • Longer stills battery life
    More info 1200 vs 800 shots
    Capture more photos
  • External Mic Jack
    Jack vs No jack
    Improved sound fidelity when shooting video
  • More cross-type AF points
    15 vs 9
    Cross-type AF points improve autofocus performance
  • Newer
    4 years vs 11 years old
    Newer cameras often support more advanced features
  • HDMI out
    HDMI out vs None
    Use HDMI output to monitor or review video
  • Shoots 24p video
    Yes vs No
    Gives your movies a big-screen feel
  • More dots on screen
    1229k vs 230k dots
    Can mean greater resolution or a brighter screen
  • Shoots 1080p video
    Yes vs No
    You'll want this if you shoot video
  • More pixels
    36.3 vs 10.1 megapixels
    Higher resolution photos
  • Shoots 60p video
    Yes vs No
    A faster framerate can give you more editing options
  • Dual card slots
    Yes vs No
    Gives you more storage flexibility
  • More AF points
    51 vs 9
    More AF points improve autofocus
  • Headphone jack
    Yes vs No
    Monitor audio recording while you shoot video
  • Lacks anti-aliasing filter
    No Filter vs Filter
    Enjoy sharper photos
  • Higher extended ISO
    51200 vs 3200 ISO
    Higher extended ISO can give more low-light flexibility

Similarities

Common Strengths

  • Eye-level viewfinder
    Both provide
    You'll be able to frame photos even when the sun is out
  • Internal flash
    Both provide
    Useful in a pinch for fill flash
  • Top deck display
    Both provide
    Check settings with a screen on top of the camera
  • Pentaprism viewfinder
    Both provide
    Much better viewfinder picture fidelity
  • Hot shoe
    Both provide
    Off-camera flashes open new possibilities
  • Bulb shutter
    Both provide
    Hold the shutter open manually for long exposures

Common Weaknesses

  • Tilt-swivel screen
    Neither provide
    Tilt and swivel the screen for maximum shooting flexibility
  • Focus peaking
    Neither provide
    Your camera will highlight what's in focus
  • In-Camera Image Stabilization
    Neither provide
    Reduces the effects of camera shake at slower shutter speeds
  • Touchscreen
    Neither provide
    Interact with your camera just like your smartphone
  • In-camera panoramas
    Neither provide
    Stitches multiple shots into a panoramic photo
  • Tiltable Screen
    Neither provide
    Tilt the screen for shooting flexbility
  • Built-in Wi-Fi
    Neither provide
    Share your photos wirelessly
  • NFC
    Neither provide
    Simplifies pairing your camera with supported phones
  • Built-in Bluetooth
    Neither provide
    Always-on wireless connectivity
  • Built-in GPS
    Neither provide
    Geotag your photos
  • On-sensor phase detect
    Neither provide
    Usually improves live view and video AF performance
  • Slow-motion videos
    Neither provide
    Shoot slow-motion videos

User reviews

Buy From

Review Excerpt

  • Handles even better than its predecessors; Absolutely spectacular images from the 36-megapixel image sensor; Unusually wide sensitivity range for its resolution; Improved performance and buffer depths; Improved video feature set; Impressive low-light autofocus

  • Prone to moire and false color with some subjects; No longer available with a low-pass filter; Demands excellent lenses for the best detail; White balance tends warm under tungsten lighting

The Competition

Compared to Canon 5D Mark IV

Canon 40D
Canon 5D Mark IV
  • $1299
  • APS-C
  • Internal flash
  • $2799
  • 35mm
  • Larger sensor
  • Shoot 4K video
Nikon D810
Canon 5D Mark IV
  • $2797
  • 35mm
  • Longer stills battery life
  • Internal flash
  • $2799
  • 35mm
  • Shoot 4K video
  • Touchscreen

Compared to Nikon D800E

Canon 40D
Nikon D800E
  • $1299
  • APS-C
  • Less expensive
  • Bigger pixels
  • $2212
  • 35mm
  • Larger sensor
  • Fast startup
Nikon D810
Nikon D800E
  • $2797
  • 35mm
  • Longer stills battery life
  • Newer
  • $2212
  • 35mm
  • Fast startup

Compared to Canon 5DS

Canon 40D
Canon 5DS
  • $1299
  • APS-C
  • Bigger pixels
  • Internal flash
  • $3499
  • 35mm
  • Larger sensor
  • Better color depth
Nikon D810
Canon 5DS
  • $2797
  • 35mm
  • Bigger pixels
  • Higher effective ISO
  • $3499
  • 35mm
  • More cross-type AF points
  • More pixels

Compared to Canon 5DS R

Canon 40D
Canon 5DS R
  • $1299
  • APS-C
  • Bigger pixels
  • Internal flash
  • $3699
  • 35mm
  • Larger sensor
  • Better color depth
Nikon D810
Canon 5DS R
  • $2797
  • 35mm
  • Bigger pixels
  • Higher effective ISO
  • $3699
  • 35mm
  • More cross-type AF points
  • More pixels

Compared to Pentax K-1

Canon 40D
Pentax K-1
  • $1299
  • APS-C
  • Bigger pixels
  • Fast startup
  • $1897
  • 35mm
  • Focus peaking
  • Larger sensor
Nikon D810
Pentax K-1
  • $2797
  • 35mm
  • Fast startup
  • Longer stills battery life
  • $1897
  • 35mm
  • Less expensive
  • Focus peaking
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