• APS-C 372.9mm2
  • 12.3 megapixels
  • ISO 200 - 3200
  • 35mm 858.0mm2
  • 45.7 megapixels
  • ISO 64 - 25,600
  • Detailed specifications
  • Nikon D90
  • Nikon Z7
Links
Prices:   Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website
Nikon D90 webpage
Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Nikon D80
D80 vs D90
 
Successor: Nikon D7000
D90 vs D7000
Nikon Z7 II
Z7 vs Z7 II
General
Model Number: D90 Z7
Alternate Model Number(s):   Z 7
Camera Format: SLR Compact System Camera
Currently Manufactured: No Yes
Retail Price: $1299.95 $3399.95
Street Price:   $2,596.95
Date Available: 2008-09-15 2018-09-27
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 40.0 oz (1,133 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
41.4 oz (1,175 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
Size: 5.2 x 4.1 x 3.0 in.
(132 x 103 x 77 mm)
5.3 x 4.0 x 2.7 in.
(134 x 101 x 68 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer:    
Effective Megapixels: 12.3 45.7
Sensor Format: APS-C 35mm
Sensor size: 372.88mm2 (23.60mm x 15.80mm) 858.01mm2 (35.90mm x 23.90mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 5.50 microns 4.35 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.5x 1.0x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed None
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No Yes
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No Yes
DxO Sensor Score: 73 99
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 22.7 26.3
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 12.5 14.6
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 977 2,668
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4288 x 2848 (12.2 MP, Other),
3216 x 2136 (6.9 MP, Other),
2144 x 1424 (3.1 MP, Other)
8256 x 5504 (45.4 MP, 3:2),
6192 x 4128 (25.6 MP, 3:2),
4128 x 2752 (11.4 MP, 3:2),
6880 x 5504 (37.9 MP, 5:4),
5152 x 4120 (21.2 MP, 5:4),
3440 x 2752 (9.5 MP, 5:4),
5504 x 5504 (30.3 MP, 1:1),
4128 x 4128 (17.0 MP, 1:1),
2752 x 2752 (7.6 MP, 1:1),
8256 x 4640 (38.3 MP, 16:9),
6192 x 3480 (21.5 MP, 16:9),
4128 x 2320 (9.6 MP, 16:9),
3840 x 2160 (8.3 MP, 16:9),
1920 x 1080 (2.1 MP, 16:9),
5408 x 3600 (19.5 MP, 3:2),
4048 x 2696 (10.9 MP, 3:2),
2704 x 1800 (4.9 MP, 3:2)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.21), NEF (RAW), 12-bit; RAW+JPEG JPEG (EXIF 2.31), NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed, or uncompressed; large, medium, and small available (medium and small images are recorded at a bit depth of 12 bits using lossless compression); TIFF
Continuous-mode frames/second: 4.5 9.0
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1280x720 (24)
640x424 (24)
320x216 (24)
3840x2160 (30p/​25p/​24p)
1920x1080 (60p/​50p/​30p/​25p/​24p)
1920x1080 (120p/​100p)
Movie File Format: AVI (Motion JPEG) MOV/MP4 (H.265/MPEG-4 AVC, Linear PCM/AAC audio)
Composite Video Out: Yes No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: Yes n/a
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Nikon F Nikon Z
Lens: Nikkor AF-S 18-105mm f/3.5 -5.6G ED VR Nikkor Z 24-70mm f/4 S
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 27 - 158mm 24 - 70mm
Focal Length (actual): 18 - 105mm 24 - 70mm
Zoom Ratio: 5.80x 2.92x
Aperture Range: f/3.5 -22 (W), f/5.6 -38 (T) f/4 - f/22; 7-blade rounded diaphragm
Integrated ND Filter: No
Normal Focus Range: 45 cm to Infinity
17.7 in to Infinity
30 cm to Infinity
11.8 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 67.0mm 72.0mm
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes No
Digital Zoom: No Yes
Digital Zoom Values: n/a 1.5x (DX), 5:4, 1:1, 16:9 crop modes
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: 11 point TTL phase detection with 3D focus tracking by Nikon Multi-CAM 1000 Hybrid phase-detection/contrast AF; 493 (single-point AF); Pinpoint, single-point and dynamic-area AF (pinpoint and dynamic-area AF available in photo mode only); wide-area AF (S); wide-area AF (L); auto-area AF; Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); full-time AF (AF-F; available only in movie mode); predictive focus tracking; Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used; Touch AF and Touch Shutter supported.
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD EVF / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; fixed eye-level pentaprism, 96% coverage, 0.94x mag., 19.5mm eyepoint, -2 to +1 diopter EVF: 1.27-cm/0.5-in., approx. 3690k-dot (Quad VGA) OLED with color balance and auto and 11-level manual brightness controls, 100% coverage, 0.8x magnification, 21mm eyepoint, -4 to +2 diopter, eye sensor
Focus Peaking: No Yes
EVF Resolution: n/a 3,686,400 dots (1,228,800 pixels)
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.63x 0.80x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.94x 0.80x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.2
Rear Display Resolution: 921,600 dots (307,200 px) 2,100,000 dots
Touchscreen: No Yes
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No No
Selfie Screen: No No
Max Playback Zoom: 27.0x 32.0x
Top Deck Display: Yes Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 3200 25600
Minimum ISO (native): 200 64
ISO Settings: Auto, ISO 200-3200, Lo-1=100, Hi-1=6400 Auto, 64 - 25,600 in 1/3, 1/2 or 1EV steps, plus down to 32 in Lo-1 and up to 102,400 in Hi-2
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, 7 manual modes with fine tuning, color temperature Auto (3), Natural Light Auto, Incandescent, Fluorescent (7), Direct Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy, Shade, Preset Manual (6), Color Temperature (2,500K-10,000K); Fine-tuning available.
Shutter Speed Range: 1/4000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 3D Color Matrix Metering II (420-pixel RGB), Center-weighted, Spot Matrix, Center-weighted (weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame; weighting can be based on average of entire frame), Spot (4mm circle or about 1.5% frame, centered on selected focus point), Highlight-weighted
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait 3 User Settings (U1, U2, U3); HDR, Multiple Exposure (Add, average, lighten, darken)
Self Timer: 2 to 20 seconds 2/5/10/20 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):   Yes
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes No
Flash Modes: Front-Curtain Sync, Red-Eye Reduction, Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync, Slow Sync, and Rear-Curtain Sync; supports Advanced Wireless Lighting system Front-curtain sync, slow sync, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction with slow sync, slow rear-curtain sync, off
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 12.0 m / 39.4 ft. n/a
Flash Range Description: Lens dependent n/a
Max Flash Sync: 1/200 1/200
Flash Exposure Compensation: -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe ISO-type hotshoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: Full TTL exposure No
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC XQD
UHS Support: No UHS support  
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No No
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: NEF (RAW), 12-bit; RAW+JPEG NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed, or uncompressed; large, medium, and small available (medium and small images are recorded at a bit depth of 12 bits using lossless compression); TIFF
Movie File Format: AVI (Motion JPEG) MOV/MP4 (H.265/MPEG-4 AVC, Linear PCM/AAC audio)
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No Yes
NFC: No No
Bluetooth: No Yes
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: No Yes
Headphone Jack: No Yes
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 3.0 Super Speed,Bluetooth,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: Yes Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional wired or wireless Wi-Fi, Bluetooth or optional wired or wireless
Connections (extended): HDMI Out, DC In, 10-pin Accessory Port Mini (Type C) HDMI, USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type C (SuperSpeed USB), 10-pin Expansion Terminal, Stereo Mic Jack (3.5mm, plug-in power provided), Stereo Audio Out (3.5mm)
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 0.36 0.48
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 0.35  
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 13  
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): 0.32 0.46
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 4.5 9.0
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): Unlimited 26
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 4.1 9.0
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 10 23
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 4.2 9.0
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 7 20
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.21 seconds 0.21 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR): 2.29 seconds  
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR): 0.519 seconds  
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.067 seconds 0.060 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.25 seconds  
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.067 seconds 0.059 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Live View: Full autofocus: 2.294s Prefocused: 0.519s Shutter lag results are with Electronic First Curtain Shutter (EFCS) enabled.
Startup Time: 0.3 seconds 1.5 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.3 seconds 0.9 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 2.2 seconds  
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):   400 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 850 shots 330 shots
Battery Life, Video:   85 minutes
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary EN-EL3e, optional MB-D80 battery pack Proprietary
Usable Battery Types: Lithium Ion rechargeable EN-EL15b/EN-EL15a/EN-EL15 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary EN-EL3e Lithium Ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary EN-EL15b Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No Yes
Software
Included Software: PictureProject CD-ROM  
OS Compatibility: Windows, Mac OS  
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: Live View with Face Detection, Dust Reduction, HDMI Output, Scene Recognition System, Active D-Lighting, Picture Control, Extensive In-camera Editing, GPS support.