• APS-C 369.7mm2
  • 16.3 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 12,800
  • 35mm 858.0mm2
  • 45.7 megapixels
  • ISO 64 - 25,600
  • Detailed specifications
  • Pentax K-30
  • Nikon Z7
Links
Prices: Compare Prices Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Predecessor:    
Successor: Pentax K-50
K-30 vs K-50
Nikon Z7 II
Z7 vs Z7 II
General
Model Number: K-30 Z7
Alternate Model Number(s):   Z 7
Camera Format: SLR Compact System Camera
Currently Manufactured: No Yes
Retail Price: $1199.00 $3399.95
Street Price: $599.00 $2,480.97
Date Available: 2012-07-15 2018-09-27
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 38.4 oz (1,088 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
41.4 oz (1,175 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
Size: 5.1 x 3.8 x 2.8 in.
(130 x 97 x 71 mm)
5.3 x 4.0 x 2.7 in.
(134 x 101 x 68 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer: Sony  
Effective Megapixels: 16.3 45.7
Sensor Format: APS-C 35mm
Sensor size: 369.72mm2 (23.7mm x 15.6mm) 858.01mm2 (35.90mm x 23.90mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 4.81 microns 4.35 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.5x 1.0x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed None
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: Yes Yes
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No Yes
DxO Sensor Score: 79 99
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 23.7 26.3
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 13.0 14.6
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 1,129 2,668
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4928 x 3264 (16.1 MP, Other),
4224 x 2816 (11.9 MP, 3:2),
3456 x 2304 (8.0 MP, 3:2),
2688 x 1792 (4.8 MP, 3:2)
8256 x 5504 (45.4 MP, 3:2),
6192 x 4128 (25.6 MP, 3:2),
4128 x 2752 (11.4 MP, 3:2),
6880 x 5504 (37.9 MP, 5:4),
5152 x 4120 (21.2 MP, 5:4),
3440 x 2752 (9.5 MP, 5:4),
5504 x 5504 (30.3 MP, 1:1),
4128 x 4128 (17.0 MP, 1:1),
2752 x 2752 (7.6 MP, 1:1),
8256 x 4640 (38.3 MP, 16:9),
6192 x 3480 (21.5 MP, 16:9),
4128 x 2320 (9.6 MP, 16:9),
3840 x 2160 (8.3 MP, 16:9),
1920 x 1080 (2.1 MP, 16:9),
5408 x 3600 (19.5 MP, 3:2),
4048 x 2696 (10.9 MP, 3:2),
2704 x 1800 (4.9 MP, 3:2)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.3), 12-bit RAW (.DNG), RAW+JPEG JPEG (EXIF 2.31), NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed, or uncompressed; large, medium, and small available (medium and small images are recorded at a bit depth of 12 bits using lossless compression); TIFF
Continuous-mode frames/second: 5.5 9.0
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1920x1080 (30p/​25p/​24p)
1280x720 (60p/​50p/​30p/​25p/​24p)
640x480 (30p/​25p/​24p)
3840x2160 (30p/​25p/​24p)
1920x1080 (60p/​50p/​30p/​25p/​24p)
1920x1080 (120p/​100p)
Movie File Format: MOV MPEG-4 AVC (H.264) with monaural audio MOV/MP4 (H.265/MPEG-4 AVC, Linear PCM/AAC audio)
Composite Video Out: Yes No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: No n/a
HD Video Out: No Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Pentax K (KA/KAF/KAF2/3) Nikon Z
Lens: smc Pentax 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 ED AL [IF] DC WR DA Nikkor Z 24-70mm f/4 S
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 27 - 203mm 24 - 70mm
Focal Length (actual): 18 - 135mm 24 - 70mm
Zoom Ratio: 7.50x 2.92x
Aperture Range: f/3.5 - f/22 (wide) / f/5.6 - f/38 (tele) f/4 - f/22; 7-blade rounded diaphragm
Integrated ND Filter: No
Normal Focus Range: 40 cm to Infinity
15.7 in to Infinity
30 cm to Infinity
11.8 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 62.0mm 72.0mm
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: No No
Digital Zoom: No Yes
Digital Zoom Values: n/a 1.5x (DX), 5:4, 1:1, 16:9 crop modes
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: Phase Detect:: SAFOX IXi+, 11 point (9 cross type focus point in the center), with light wavelength sensor and diffraction lens; Live View: Contrast detection AF (face detection, tracking, select, spot) Hybrid phase-detection/contrast AF; 493 (single-point AF); Pinpoint, single-point and dynamic-area AF (pinpoint and dynamic-area AF available in photo mode only); wide-area AF (S); wide-area AF (L); auto-area AF; Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); full-time AF (AF-F; available only in movie mode); predictive focus tracking; Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used; Touch AF and Touch Shutter supported.
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD EVF / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; eye-level pentaprism, 100% coverage, 0.92x mag., -2.5 to +1.5 diopter, Natural-Bright-Matte III focusing screen (interchangeable) EVF: 1.27-cm/0.5-in., approx. 3690k-dot (Quad VGA) OLED with color balance and auto and 11-level manual brightness controls, 100% coverage, 0.8x magnification, 21mm eyepoint, -4 to +2 diopter, eye sensor
Focus Peaking: Yes Yes
EVF Resolution: n/a 3,686,400 dots (1,228,800 pixels)
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.61x 0.80x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.92x 0.80x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.2
Rear Display Resolution: 921,600 dots (307,200 px) 2,100,000 dots
Touchscreen: No Yes
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No No
Selfie Screen: No No
Max Playback Zoom: 16.0x 32.0x
Top Deck Display: No Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 12800 25600
Minimum ISO (native): 100 64
ISO Settings: Auto, 100-12800 (1, 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps), expandable to 25600 Auto, 64 - 25,600 in 1/3, 1/2 or 1EV steps, plus down to 32 in Lo-1 and up to 102,400 in Hi-2
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Fluorescent (D, N, W, L), Tungsten, Flash, CTE, 3 Manual and 3 Kelvin temperature presets Auto (3), Natural Light Auto, Incandescent, Fluorescent (7), Direct Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy, Shade, Preset Manual (6), Color Temperature (2,500K-10,000K); Fine-tuning available.
Shutter Speed Range: 1/6000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: TTL open-aperture: 77-segment, Center-weighted, Spot Matrix, Center-weighted (weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame; weighting can be based on average of entire frame), Spot (4mm circle or about 1.5% frame, centered on selected focus point), Highlight-weighted
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Sensitivity Priority, Shutter and Aperture Priority, Scene (Portrait, Landscape, Macro, Moving Object, Night Scene Portrait, Sunset, Blue Sky, Forest, Night Scene, Night Scene HDR (JPG), Night Snap, Food, Pet, Kids, Surf & Snow, Backlight Silhouette, Candlelight, Stage Lighting, Museum); Digital filters (capture): Extract Color, Toy Camera, Retro, High Contrast, Shading, Invert Color, Color 3 User Settings (U1, U2, U3); HDR, Multiple Exposure (Add, average, lighten, darken)
Self Timer: 2 or 12 seconds 2/5/10/20 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):   Yes
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes No
Flash Modes: P-TTL: On, Redeye, Slow Sync, Slow Sync + Redeye, Trailing Curtain Sync, Wireless Front-curtain sync, slow sync, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction with slow sync, slow rear-curtain sync, off
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 12.0 m / 39.4 ft. n/a
Flash Range Description: Depends on lens n/a
Max Flash Sync: 1/180 1/200
Flash Exposure Compensation: -2 to +1 EV in 0.5EV steps -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe ISO-type hotshoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: Full TTL exposure No
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC / SDXC XQD
UHS Support:    
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No No
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: 12-bit RAW (.DNG), RAW+JPEG NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed, or uncompressed; large, medium, and small available (medium and small images are recorded at a bit depth of 12 bits using lossless compression); TIFF
Movie File Format: MOV MPEG-4 AVC (H.264) with monaural audio MOV/MP4 (H.265/MPEG-4 AVC, Linear PCM/AAC audio)
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No Yes
NFC: No No
Bluetooth: No Yes
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: No Yes
Headphone Jack: No Yes
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 3.0 Super Speed,Bluetooth,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: No Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional Wired or IR Wi-Fi, Bluetooth or optional wired or wireless
Connections (extended): Wired remote port Mini (Type C) HDMI, USB 3.1 Gen 1 Type C (SuperSpeed USB), 10-pin Expansion Terminal, Stereo Mic Jack (3.5mm, plug-in power provided), Stereo Audio Out (3.5mm)
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 0.41 0.48
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 0.43  
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): Unlimited  
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot):   0.46
Camera penalizes early shutter press? Yes No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 5.5 9.0
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 45 26
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   9.0
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames):   23
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   9.0
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames):   20
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.16 seconds 0.21 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR):    
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR):    
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.098 seconds 0.060 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.54 seconds  
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.098 seconds 0.059 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): Optical VF, Full AF lag, Wide-area = 0.177s Live View, Full AF lag = 0.871s Live View, Pre-focused lag = 0.253s Shutter lag results are with Electronic First Curtain Shutter (EFCS) enabled.
Startup Time: 1.1 seconds 1.5 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.2 seconds 0.9 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power: 2.6 seconds  
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):   400 shots
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 410 shots 330 shots
Battery Life, Video:   85 minutes
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary; optional D-BH109 AA Battery Holder Proprietary
Usable Battery Types: D-LI109 Lithium-ion rechargeable EN-EL15b/EN-EL15a/EN-EL15 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary D-BH109 Lithium-ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary EN-EL15b Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes
Internal Charging Supported: Yes
Software
Included Software: Software CDROM (SILKYPIX Developer Studio 3.0 for PENTAX included)  
OS Compatibility:    
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: Weather and Dust Resistant, In-body Shake Reduction, 1080p30 Video Recording, Improved AF Performance, 6fps Burst Shooting, 19 Scene Modes, Dynamic Range Expansion. Available in Crystal White, Crystal Blue, or Black.