• APS-C 369.7mm2
  • 12.4 megapixels
  • ISO 200 - 12,800
  • APS-C 368.2mm2
  • 16.2 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 6400
  • Detailed specifications
  • Pentax K-r
  • Nikon D5100
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Prices:   Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Pentax K-x
K-x vs K-r
Nikon D5000
D5000 vs D5100
Successor:   Nikon D5200
D5100 vs D5200
General
Model Number: K-r D5100
Alternate Model Number(s):    
Camera Format: SLR SLR
Currently Manufactured: No No
Retail Price: $849.95 $899.95
Street Price:   $499.00
Date Available: 2010-10-15 2011-04-17
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 30.1 oz (852 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
29.2 oz (829 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
Size: 4.9 x 3.8 x 2.7 in.
(125 x 97 x 68 mm)
5.0 x 3.8 x 3.1 in.
(128 x 97 x 79 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer:   Sony
Effective Megapixels: 12.4 16.2
Sensor Format: APS-C APS-C
Sensor size: 369.72mm2 (23.7mm x 15.6mm) 368.16mm2 (23.60mm x 15.60mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 5.53 microns 4.79 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.5x 1.5x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed Fixed
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: Yes No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: No No
DxO Sensor Score: 72 80
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 22.9 23.5
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 12.4 13.6
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 750 1,183
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 4288 x 2848 (12.2 MP, Other),
3936 x 2624 (10.3 MP, 3:2),
3072 x 2048 (6.3 MP, 3:2),
1728 x 1152 (2.0 MP, 3:2)
4928 x 3264 (16.1 MP, Other),
3696 x 2448 (9.0 MP, Other),
2464 x 1632 (4.0 MP, Other)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.21), 12-bit RAW (.PEF, .DNG) JPEG (EXIF 2.3), NEF (RAW) 14-bits, RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 5.6 3.9
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1280x720 (25)
640x480 (25)
1920x1080 (30/​25/​24)
1280x720 (30/​25/​24)
640x424 (30/​25)
Movie File Format: AVI (Motion JPEG) MOV H.264/MPEG-4
Composite Video Out: Yes Yes
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: Yes Yes
Video Usable as Viewfinder: No Yes
HD Video Out: No Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Pentax K (KA/KAF/KAF2/3) Nikon F
Lens: smc Pentax DA L 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 AL NIKKOR AF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G DX VR
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 27 - 84mm 27 - 83mm
Focal Length (actual): 18 - 55mm 18 - 55mm
Zoom Ratio: 3.00x 3.00x
Aperture Range: f/3.5 - 22 (W), f/5.6 - 38 (T) f/3.5 -22 (W), f/5.6 -36 (T)
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 25 cm to Infinity
9.8 in to Infinity
28 cm to Infinity
11.0 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 52.0mm 52.0mm
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: No Yes
Digital Zoom: No No
Digital Zoom Values: n/a n/a
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: SAFOX IX TTL phase-detect 11-point (9 cross) AF: 11 pt auto, 5 pt auto, AF pt select, center/spot 11 point TTL phase detection with 3D focus tracking by Nikon Multi-CAM 1000; Single-point, Dynamic and Auto Area modes. One cross-type sensor.
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes Yes
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD Optical / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; eye-level pentamirror, ~96% coverage, ~0.85x mag., -2.5 to +1.5 diopter SLR type; eye-level pentamirror, ~95% coverage, ~0.78x magnification (50mm f/1.4 lens and infinity, -1.0m^1), 17.9mm eyepoint (-1.0m^1), -1.7 to +0.7 diopter
Focus Peaking: No No
EVF Resolution: n/a n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.57x 0.52x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.85x 0.78x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.0
Rear Display Resolution: 921,000 dots 921,600 dots
Touchscreen: No No
Articulating Screen: No Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: No Yes
Selfie Screen: No Yes
Max Playback Zoom: 16.0x 31.0x
Top Deck Display: No No
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 12800 6400
Minimum ISO (native): 200 100
ISO Settings: Auto: 200-12800 (1, 1/2, 1/3 EV steps), up to 1600 in Bulb, expandable to 100-25600; Manual: 200-12800 (1, 1/2, 1/3 EV steps), up to 1600 in Bulb, expandable to 100-25600 Auto, 100-6400, Hi-1=12800, Hi-2=25600
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, Fluorescent (D, N, W, L), Flash, CTE, Manual Auto, Incandescent, Fluorescent (7), Direct Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy, Shade, Manual
Shutter Speed Range: 1/6000 - 30 sec 1/4000 - 30 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 3.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 16-segment Multi, Center-weighted, Spot 3D Color Matrix Metering II (420-pixel RGB), Center-weighted (75% given to 8mm circle in the center), Spot (3.5mm circle (2.5%) centered on selected focus point)
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Picture (Portrait, Landscape, Macro, Action, Night Scene Portrait, Standard Flash Off), Scene (Night Scene, Surf & Snow, Food, Sunset, Kids, Pet, Candlelight, Museum, Stage Lighting [JPG], Night Snap [JPG], Night Scene HDR [JPG]), Sensitivity Priority Portrait, Landscape, Child, Sports, Close up, Scene (Party/indoor, Beach/snow, Sunset, Dusk/dawn, Pet portrait, Candlelight, Blossom, Autumn colors, Food, Night portrait, Night landscape), Special Effects (Stills or D-movies: Silhouette, Selective Color, Night Vision, High Key, Low Key, Miniature Effect, Color Sketch).
Self Timer: 2 or 12 seconds 2, 5, 10, 20 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer):    
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes Yes
Flash Modes: On, off, redeye, slow sync, slow sync w redeye, slow sync w trailing curtain, wireless Auto, auto with red-eye reduction, auto slow sync, auto slow sync with red-eye reduction, fill-flash, red-eye reduction, slow sync, slow sync with red-eye reduction, rear-curtain with slow sync, rear-curtain sync, off; 18-300mm coveraqge
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 12.0 m / 39.4 ft. 12.0 m / 39.4 ft.
Flash Range Description: Depends on lens Lens dependent
Max Flash Sync: 1/180 1/200
Flash Exposure Compensation: -2 to +1 EV in 0.5EV steps -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe Hot shoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: Full TTL exposure  
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC / SDXC SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support:   UHS-I
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No No
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: 12-bit RAW (.PEF, .DNG) NEF (RAW) 14-bits, RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format: AVI (Motion JPEG) MOV H.264/MPEG-4
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: No No
NFC: No No
Bluetooth: No No
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: Yes Yes
Headphone Jack: No No
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed USB 2.0 High Speed
PictBridge Compliant: No Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional IR Optional ML-L3 IR Remote or MC-DC2 Remote Cord
Connections (extended): IrSimple infrared data transfer HDMI Out (with CEC), Accessory Terminal for Wired Remote (MC-DC2) or GPS (GP-1), 3.5mm Stereo Mic Jack; DC-input via dummy battery AC adapter.
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): 0.31 0.73
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame): 0.31 0.77
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames): 17 Unlimited
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot):   0.77
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 5.6 3.9
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 30 100
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   4.0
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames):   13
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps):   3.9
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames):   9
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.11 seconds 0.27 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR):   1.28 seconds
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR):   0.488 seconds
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.098 seconds 0.248 seconds
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.15 seconds 0.29 seconds
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.097 seconds 0.114 seconds
Shutter Lag (notes): OVF: Full AF lag, Auto-Area: 0.118s Live View: Contrast-Detect AF: 1.049s Phased-Detect AF: 1.197s Prefocused: 0.335s Optical Viewfinder: Wide-area AF: 0.408s Live View: Full AF lag: 1.28s Prefocused: 0.49s
Startup Time: 0.3 seconds 0.5 seconds
Play -> Record Time: 0.3 seconds 0.4 seconds
Flash cycle time, full power:   4.0 seconds
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View):    
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 470 shots 660 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary D-LI109 Proprietary EN-EL14
Usable Battery Types: Lithium-ion rechargeable or 4 AAs with D-BH109 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary D-LI109 Lithium-ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary EN-EL14 Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No
Software
Included Software: Software CD-ROM S-SW110 ViewNX 2 CD-ROM
OS Compatibility: Windows XP/Vista/7, MacOS-X 10.3+ Windows, Mac OS
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: Sensor-shift shake reduction, new 11-point SAFOX IX AF system with viewfinder focus indicators, 3-inch hi-res LCD, 6fps burst mode, 720p movies, dual power source (lithium-ion battery pack or 4 AAs with optional D-BH109 battery holder), improved in-camera HDR image capture including a Night Scene HDR mode. Available in Traditional Black, Classic White and Red. 3" Vari-angle 921K-dot LCD, Full HD Videos (up to [email protected]), In-camera Special Effects, Night Vision mode, HDR, Active D-Lighting, 3.5mm External Stereo Mic socket.