Maximum effective ISO is an estimate of the highest sensitivity at which a camera can capture excellent quality photos.
Cameras with higher effective ISO will be better choices for indoor photography, night shooting, and indoor sports photography, especially if you intend to make large prints.
You can learn more at our glossary entry.
Maximum effective ISO test data courtesy of DxO Mark.RX100 test data on DxO Mark P7700 test data on DxO Mark
Excellent high-ISO performance for such a compact model; Smart controls; Small body; Bright lens; 10fps full-res burst mode; Very fast shutter response; Excellent LCD.
Lens flare at night; Poor rendering of yellows; Slow flash recycling; Soft corners wide open; Continuous AF mode slow to lock.
Much improved, sleeker camera design doesn't mimic the competition; Sharp 3-inch vari-angle LCD screen swivels to the side, letting you compose shots from difficult angles; Brighter lens performs better in low light; Fast burst mode; Full HD movies.
Some photographers will miss having an optical viewfinder; Slower autofocus and single-shot cycle times when capturing RAW images; Shallow buffer; No one-touch video button.