• APS-C 332.3mm2
  • 24.2 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 25,600
  • 35mm 858.0mm2
  • 24.5 megapixels
  • ISO 100 - 51,200
  • Detailed specifications
  • Canon EOS 77D
  • Nikon D780
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Prices: Compare Prices Compare Prices
Manufacturer URL: Manufacturer website Manufacturer website
Predecessor: Canon T6s
T6s vs 77D
Nikon D750
D750 vs D780
Successor:    
General
Model Number: 77D D780
Alternate Model Number(s): 9000D  
Camera Format: SLR SLR
Currently Manufactured: Yes Yes
Retail Price: $1499.00 $2299.95
Street Price: $549.00 $2,296.95
Date Available: 2017-04-15 2020-01-25
Tripod Mount: Yes Yes
Weight: 37.2 oz (1,055 g)
includes batteries, kit lens
29.6 oz (840 g)
Size: 5.2 x 3.9 x 3.0 in.
(131 x 100 x 76 mm)
5.6 x 4.5 x 3.0 in.
(144 x 116 x 76 mm)
Waterproof: No No
Waterproof Depth: n/a n/a
Image Sensor
Sensor Type: CMOS CMOS
Sensor Manufacturer: Canon  
Effective Megapixels: 24.2 24.5
Sensor Format: APS-C 35mm
Sensor size: 332.27mm2 (22.30mm x 14.90mm) 858.01mm2 (35.90mm x 23.90mm)
Approximate Pixel Pitch: 3.72 microns 5.94 microns
Focal Length Multiplier: 1.6x 1.0x
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 3:2
Color Filter Type: RGBG RGBG
Anti Aliasing Filter: Fixed Fixed
Self-Cleaning: Yes Yes
Sensor shift image stabilization: No No
On-Sensor Phase Detect: Yes Yes
DxO Sensor Score: 78  
DxO Color Depth Score (bits): 23.6  
DxO Dynamic Range Score (evs): 13.3  
DxO Maximum Effective ISO Score (iso): 971  
Image Capture
Image Resolution: 6000 x 4000 (24.0 MP, 3:2),
3984 x 2656 (10.6 MP, 3:2),
2976 x 1984 (5.9 MP, 3:2),
2400 x 1600 (3.8 MP, 3:2),
6000 x 3368 (20.2 MP, 16:9),
3984 x 2240 (8.9 MP, 16:9),
2976 x 1824 (5.4 MP, Other),
2400 x 1344 (3.2 MP, Other),
5328 x 4000 (21.3 MP, 4:3),
3552 x 2664 (9.5 MP, 4:3),
2656 x 1992 (5.3 MP, 4:3),
2112 x 1600 (3.4 MP, Other),
4000 x 4000 (16.0 MP, 1:1),
2656 x 2656 (7.1 MP, 1:1),
1984 x 1984 (3.9 MP, 1:1),
1600 x 1600 (2.6 MP, 1:1)
6048 x 4024 (24.3 MP, 3:2),
4528 x 3016 (13.7 MP, 3:2),
3014 x 2016 (6.1 MP, 3:2),
6048 x 3400 (20.6 MP, 16:9),
4528 x 2544 (11.5 MP, 16:9),
3024 x 1696 (5.1 MP, 16:9),
4016 x 4016 (16.1 MP, 1:1),
3008 x 3008 (9.0 MP, 1:1),
2000 x 2000 (4.0 MP, 1:1),
3936 x 2624 (10.3 MP, 3:2),
2944 x 1968 (5.8 MP, 3:2),
1968 x 1312 (2.6 MP, 3:2)
Image File Format: JPEG (EXIF 2.3), 14-bit .CR2 RAW, RAW+JPEG JPEG (EXIF 2.3), RAW (NEF), lossless compressed, compressed 14 or 12-bit; RAW+JPEG
Continuous-mode frames/second: 6.0 12.0
Video Capture
Can take movies: Yes Yes
Movie Resolution: 1920x1080 (60p/​50p/​30p/​25p/​24p)
1280x720 (60p/​50p/​30p/​25p)
640x480 (30p/​25p)
3840x2160 (30p/​25p/​24p)
1920x1080 (120p/​100p/​60p/​50p/​30p/​25p/​24p)
Movie File Format: MOV (Video: H.264, Audio: Stereo Linear PCM); MP4 (Video: H.264, Audio: AAC) MOV (H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video with Linear PCM audio)
Composite Video Out: No No
NTSC/PAL Switchable Video: n/a n/a
Video Usable as Viewfinder: n/a n/a
HD Video Out: Yes Yes
HD Video Connection: HDMI HDMI
Lens & Optics
Lens Mount: Canon EF/EF-S Nikon F
Lens: Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM Nikkor AF-S 24-120mm f/4G ED VR; 17 elements in 13 groups, including 3 aspherical and 2 ED elements
Focal Length (35mm equivalent): 29 - 216mm 24 - 120mm
Focal Length (actual): 18 - 135mm 24 - 120mm
Zoom Ratio: 7.50x 5.00x
Aperture Range: f/3.5 - f/22 (wide) / f/5.6 - f/36 (tele) f/4 - f/22
Integrated ND Filter: No No
Normal Focus Range: 39 cm to Infinity
15.4 in to Infinity
45 cm to Infinity
17.7 in to Infinity
Macro Focus Range:    
Filter Thread: 67.0mm 77.0mm
Thread Type: n/a n/a
Optical Image Stabilization: Yes Yes
Digital Zoom: No
Digital Zoom Values:   n/a
Auto Focus
Auto Focus: Yes Yes
Auto Focus Type: OVF: AF-dedicated CMOS sensor, 45-points, up to 45 cross-type (f/5.6), 1 dual-cross (f/2.8 and f/5.6), 27 support f/8 (9 cross-type); Live View: Dual-Pixel CMOS AF OVF: 51-point (15 cross-type, f/8 supported by 11 points) TTL phase detection with 3D focus tracking via Nikon Advanced Multi-CAM 3500FX II; Hybrid phase/contrast-detect AF in Live View mode
Auto Focus Assist Light? Yes No
Manual Focus: Yes Yes
Viewfinder
Viewfinder: Optical / LCD Optical / LCD
Viewfinder Type: SLR type; eye-level pentamirror, ~95% coverage, ~0.82x magnification, 19mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter, eye sensor SLR type; fixed eye-level pentaprism, 100% coverage, 0.70x magnification, 21mm eyepoint, -3 to +1 diopter
Focus Peaking: No Yes
EVF Resolution: n/a n/a
Viewfinder Magnification (35mm equivalent): 0.51x 0.70x
Viewfinder Magnification (nominal/claimed): 0.82x 0.70x
Display
Eye-level Viewfinder: Yes Yes
Rear Display: Yes Yes
Rear Display Size (inches): 3.0 3.2
Rear Display Resolution: 1,040,000 dots (346,600 px) 2,359,296 dots (786,432 px)
Touchscreen: Yes Yes
Articulating Screen: Yes Yes
Tilt Swivel Screen: Yes No
Selfie Screen: Yes No
Max Playback Zoom: 10.0x  
Top Deck Display: Yes Yes
Exposure
Maximum ISO (native): 25600 51200
Minimum ISO (native): 100 100
ISO Settings: Auto, 100 - 25600 in 1EV steps, Expandable to 51200 ISO 100 - 51,200, Lo-1 (ISO 50), Hi-1 (ISO 102,400), Hi-2 (ISO 204,800), Auto (adjustable)
Auto ISO Mode: Yes Yes
White Balance Settings: Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White Fluorescent, Flash, Custom Auto (3 types), natural light auto, direct sunlight, cloudy, shade, incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), flash, choose color temperature (2500K-10,000K), preset manual (up to 6 values can be stored, spot white balance measurement available during live view photography), all except choose color temperature with fine-tuning
Shutter Speed Range: 1/4000 - 30 sec 1/8000 - 900 sec
Bulb Mode: Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation: +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps +/- 5.0EV in 0.3EV steps
Metering Modes: 7,560-pixel RGB+IR metering sensor: 63-zone Evaluative (linked to all AF points), Center-weighted, Partial (6.0%), Spot (3.5%) 180,000-pixel RGB sensor; 3D Color Matrix Metering II (type G, E, and D lenses), Color Matrix Metering II (other CPU lenses); Center-weighted, Spot (1.5%) centered on selected focus area; Highlight-weighted
Program Auto Exposure: Yes Yes
Aperture Priority: Yes Yes
Shutter Priority: Yes Yes
Full Manual Exposure: Yes Yes
Creative Exposure Modes: Creative Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Special Scene (Group Photo, Kids, Food, Candlelight, Night Portrait, Handheld Night Scene, HDR Backlight Control), Flash Off, Creative Filters (Grainy B/W, Soft Focus, Fish-eye, Water-painting, Toy Camera, Miniature, HDR Art (Standard/Vivid/Bold/Embossed) EFCT Special effect modes: night vision; super vivid; pop; photo illustration; toy camera effect; miniature effect; selective color; silhouette; high key; low key; U1 and U2 user settings; Active D-Lighting
Self Timer: 10 or 2 seconds 2/5/10/20 seconds
Time Lapse (intervalometer): Yes Yes
High Resolution Composite: No No
Flash
Built-in Flash: Yes No
Flash Modes: E-TTL II, Manual Front-curtain sync, Slow sync, Rear-curtain sync, Red-eye reduction, Red-eye reduction with slow sync
Flash Guide Number (ISO 100): 12.0 m / 39.4 ft. n/a
Flash Range Description: Lens aperture dependent; GN= 12m (39.4 ft.) at ISO 100, works out to about 11.2 feet at f/3.5 and 7 feet at f/5.6 n/a
Max Flash Sync: 1/200 1/200
Flash Exposure Compensation: +/- 2.0 EV in 0.3EV steps -3 to +1 EV in 0.3EV steps
External Flash Connection: Hot Shoe ISO-type Hot Shoe
Built-In Wireless Flash Control: Full TTL exposure No
Image Storage
Usable Memory Types: SD / SDHC / SDXC SD / SDHC / SDXC
UHS Support: UHS-I UHS-II
Other Memory:    
Dual Card Slots: No Yes
RAW Capture Support: Yes Yes
Uncompressed Format: 14-bit .CR2 RAW, RAW+JPEG RAW (NEF), lossless compressed, compressed 14 or 12-bit; RAW+JPEG
Movie File Format: MOV (Video: H.264, Audio: Stereo Linear PCM); MP4 (Video: H.264, Audio: AAC) MOV (H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video with Linear PCM audio)
Included Memory: No memory included No memory included
Included Memory Type:    
Connectivity
Built-In Wi-Fi: Yes Yes
NFC: Yes No
Bluetooth: Yes Yes
Built-In GPS: No No
Microphone Jack: Yes Yes
Headphone Jack: No Yes
External Connections: USB 2.0 High Speed,Bluetooth,WiFi USB 3.0 Super Speed,Bluetooth,WiFi
PictBridge Compliant: Yes Yes
DPOF Compliant: Yes Yes
Remote Control: Yes Yes
Remote Control Type: Optional wired, IR wireless, Bluetooth or Wi-Fi Via Wi-Fi/Bluetooth; optional wired or wireless
Connections (extended): Mini (Type-C) HDMI, 3.5mm Microphone Jack, Wired Remote Jack USB 3.1 Gen1 USB-C, Type-C Mini HDMI, Accessory Terminal, 3.5mm Stereo Mic Jack, 3.5mm Stereo Headphone Jack, Built-in Wi-Fi
Performance Timing
Cycle time for JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame, max resolution): <0.3  
Cycle time for RAW shooting in single shot mode (seconds per frame):    
Buffer size for RAW shooting in single shot mode (frames):    
Cycle time for RAW+JPEG shooting in single shot mode (seconds per shot): <0.3  
Camera penalizes early shutter press? No
JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps, max resolution): 6.0 12.0
Buffer size for JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames, max resolution): 167  
RAW shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 6.0 12.0
Buffer size for RAW shooting in burst mode (frames): 23  
RAW+JPEG shooting speed in burst mode (fps): 6.0 12.0
Buffer Size for RAW+JPEG shooting in burst mode (frames): 21  
Shutter lag (full AF, wide/mid): 0.09 seconds  
Shutter lag (full AF, tele):    
Shutter lag (full AF, live view - DSLR):    
Shutter lag (prefocused, live view - DSLR): 0.071 seconds  
Shutter Lag (manual focus): 0.087 seconds  
Shutter lag (full AF, with flash): 0.25 seconds  
Shutter Lag (prefocused): 0.068 seconds  
Shutter Lag (notes):    
Startup Time: 0.4 seconds  
Play -> Record Time: 0.2 seconds  
Flash cycle time, full power: 3.1 seconds  
Power
Battery Life, Stills (CIPA Rating Monitor/Live View): 270 shots  
Battery Life, Still (CIPA Rating OVF/EVF): 600 shots 2260 shots
Battery Life, Video:    
Battery Form Factor: Proprietary Proprietary EN-EL15b/EN-EL15a/EN-EL15
Usable Battery Types: LP-E17 Lithium-ion rechargeable Lithium-ion rechargeable (ext. battery grip not supported)
Batteries Included: 1 x Proprietary LP-E17 Lithium-ion rechargeable 1 x Proprietary EN-EL15b Lithium-ion rechargeable
Battery Charger Included (dedicated charger or AC/USB adapter): Yes Yes
Dedicated Battery Charger Included: Yes Yes
Internal Charging Supported: No Yes
Software
Included Software:   Nikon software available for download
OS Compatibility:    
Miscellaneous
Notes & Features: